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Form as RevoltCarl Einstein and the Ground of Modern Art$

Sebastian Zeidler

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702082

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702082.001.0001

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(p.299) Index

(p.299) Index

Source:
Form as Revolt
Publisher:
Cornell University Press

Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.

abstraction, abstract art, 4, 5, 164–65, 171
action and reaction, 167, 172, 173, 210–11, 212, 215, 221, 229, 246
Adorno, Theodor W., 210, 289n104
Die Aktion (journal), 2, 12, 44–46, 49–51, 178, 250, 256n12, 265n74
Albers, Josef, 164, 167, 171;
Tectonic Group, 165
Alberti, Leon Battista, 58–59, 267n104
allegory, 32, 33, 262n23, 285n49
Alpers, Svetlana, 138–39, 149–51, 204, 280n68
analogy, 172, 173
anarchism, anarcho-syndicalism, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 44, 46, 54, 126, 243, 256n1, 259n38, 280n70
Aristotle, 222
Arp, Jean, 5
art criticism, 2–3, 22, 59, 67, 90;
Einstein’s transition to, 22, 57–58;
and ekphrasis, 22, 269n11;
art history:
African art, 62–64;
at Documents, 177;
Mesopotamian art, 159–65;
nomad art, 182–85;
and the real, 215–17;
Segers, 178–81
automatic drawing, 166, 167, 170, 230, 231. See also psychogram
autonomy, 35, 224
Badiou, Alain, 204–5
Baroque, 78, 180
Barr, Alfred, 10
Bassani, Ezio, 62
Baßler, Moritz, 47, 259n41, 265n74, 269n17
Bastian, Adolf, 269n13
Bataille, Georges, 5, 8, 18, 24, 157, 158, 159, 187, 205, 213, 219–20, 221, 245, 282nn1, 2, 283n4, 289n104
Baxandall, Michael, 57, 267n104
Benjamin, Walter, 45, 177, 256n3, 262n23, 265n74, 285n49
Benn, Gottfried, 3, 47
Bergson, Henri, 74, 75, 84–86, 87, 94, 121, 160, 190, 214, 274nn98, 99, 279n58
Bernstein, Eduard, 13, 45, 49, 257n13
Bildungsroman, 14, 15, 21, 257n21
Blei, Franz, 2, 55–56, 261n14
Bloch, Ernst, 68
Der blutige Ernst (Bloody Serious) (journal), 3
Boehm, Gottfried, 276n4
(p.300) Bois, Yve-Alain, 105, 278–79n41
Bonnard, Pierre, 127
Bourdelle, Emile-Antoine, 60
Brancusi, Constantin, 275n111
Braque, Georges, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 19, 23, 91–93, 127, 128, 129, 144, 154–56, 258n27, 278nn37, 38;
eroticism, 98, 105–15;
ground, Grundkontrast (foundational contrast), 91–93, 104, 110–13, 122, 155;
image-body, 24, 104–15, 119–21;
image-object, 23, 104–5;
open cylinder, 23, 98–105, 108, 110, 111, 115, 119–20, 136, 141, 279n46;
simultaneity, 115–24;
in the studio, 114–15, 114, 140;
subobjective function, 99, 110;
surface and volume-seeing, 99, 100, 104–13, 122;
visual ethics, 105, 110;
Castle at La Roche-Guyon, 100–104, 102;
The Emigrant (The Portuguese), 110, 111–15, 112, 121, 128, 129–35, 141, 155, 279n49;
Fruit Dish, 99–100, 100;
Girl with a Cross, 115, 119;
Man with a Guitar (New York), 105, 110;
Man with a Violin (Zurich), 108–11, 109;
Portrait of Pablo Picasso, 139, 139;
Still Life with Harp and Violin (so-called), 104–8, 106, 110, 113, 121;
Still Life with a Violin (so-called), 110, 115, 118, 119–21, 124;
Woman Reading, 105. See also cubism; Picasso
Braun, Christoph, 263n32
Brescianino, Andrea del, 163;
Venus and Two Putti, 164
Breton, André, 4, 158, 207
Brummer, Joseph, 62
Bruni, Leonardo, 58
Burgess, Gelett, 98
Calderón de la Barca, Pedro, 33, 36, 285n49
calligram, 231, 232, 238
Čapek, Milič, 272n58
capitalism, 12, 13, 15, 250–51, 256n12
causality:
in art history, 63–65;
in autobiography and in history, 27–29, 257nn21, 23, 260n6;
in Einstein’s Picasso texts, 189;
in modernity, 9–10;
in politics, 13–15;
in sculptural experience, 71–85;
in skepticism, 269n18
Cervantes, Miguel de, 52
Cheng, Joyce, 270n21
Chokwe people, 64;
ritual sculpture, 64, 66, 67–68, 82–84, 86–87, 88–89, 182, 183, 270nn20, 27, 275n1
Clark, T. J., 279n41, 289n92, 295n78
classicism, 59–61
Claudel, Paul, 35
collectivity, 7, 10, 15–16, 43, 167, 204, 205, 208, 244, 250–51
colonialism, 65
communism, 6, 12, 54, 55
Communist International, 54
Communist Party of Germany (KPD), 3, 4, 56, 267n101
Confederación Nacional del Trabajo-Federación Anarquista Ibérica (CNT-FAI), 7, 9, 256n1
conservatism, 13–14, 161, 163
constructivism, 4, 17–18, 259n38
Contenau, Georges, 161
cosmology, 1, 6, 224–33. See also myth; ontology
Crary, Jonathan, 212
creation, creativity, 10, 19–21, 29–31, 187, 203–4, 219, 222, 259n38, 261n9. See also ontology; origin
Crow, Thomas, 129
cubism, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 16, 67, 91–156, 164–65, 168, 170–71, 173, 176, 208, 217, 230, 231, 240, 275n1, 294–95n72;
eroticism, 98, 105–15, 129–43, 144–54;
ethics of function, 93–98, 105, 110, 122–23, 136, 145;
ground, Grundkontrast (foundational contrast), 23–24, 91–93, 97, 98;
image-body, 98;
image-object, 96–98;
originality, 91–93;
salon cubism, 258n72;
simultaneity, 115–24;
volume-seeing, 96–98. See also Braque; Picasso
Dada, 3, 54, 267n99
Daix, Pierre, 282n97
Dandyism, 52–53
Darwin, Charles, 12
death:
as origin of myth, 219–21;
struggle against, 160–65, 165–67, 214
death drive, 159, 161, 164, 165, 181, 283n7
Delaunay, Robert, 121
Deleuze, Gilles, 16, 86, 167, 190, 210, 211, 212, 232, 272n61, 274nn98, 99, 101, 286n54, 290n13, 294n68
Denis, Maurice, 60–61
Derrida, Jacques, 262n23, 264n51, 288n87, 289n104, 295n83
Descartes, René, 228
determination, 30, 35, 40, 50. See also dialectic; Hegel; negation
(p.301) Documents (journal), 5–6, 24, 64, 157–59, 204–6, 220, 228, 257n23, 282nn1, 2;
Einstein as image editor, 187–89, 287n79, 288n80;
Einstein’s texts, 176–81;
Picasso illustrations, 191–92, 198, 204
doubleness and unicity:
in cubism, 92, 97, 98, 128, 147, 154–56;
in Documents double pages, 24, 187–89, 191, 250, 288nn80, 83;
in Einstein’s texts, 21–22, 39, 55, 177, 181, 250, 267n98, 285n41;
in Hegel, 34, 190–91;
in Picasso, 158, 176, 186–87, 190, 192–203, 288n85;
in Picasso’s double style, 24, 189, 191, 204, 287n77;
in Schelling, 50;
in sculpture, 61, 90. See also Einstein as writer; simultaneity
Duchamp, Marcel, 278n41, 280n63
Durkheim, Emile, 292n33
Durruti, Buenaventura, 7
Eckhart, Meister, 28, 37, 261n9, 273n83
Egenhofer, Sebastian, 286n54
Einstein, Carl, as writer:
comparison and simile, 31–36, 38, 39–42, 47, 49–50, 51, 57, 177, 184;
diction, 265–66, n76;
discourse and writing (lexis and syntax), 11, 18–19, 21, 22, 39, 50, 52, 57–58, 176, 178, 181, 249, 257n18, 257n22;
fanatic humorism, 53, 55–56, 176–77, 249;
paraphrase, 20–21, 39, 40, 41, 176–77;
prewar prose, 18, 21–22, 27–30, 36–44;
privatives, 39, 42, 42, 63, 264n60, 276n4;
relation to politics, 44–49, 54–57, 265n74;
rhetorical thesaurus, 47, 50;
style, 39–44;
Einstein, Carl, works by:
Afrikanische Plastik (African Sculpture), 64–67, 270n22;
“An die Geistigen!” (“To the Intellectuals!”), 54–55;
“Antike und Moderne” (“Antiquity and Modernity”), 263n32;
“Aphorismes méthodiques” (“Methodological Aphorisms”), 226;
“Der Arme” (“The Pauper”), 49–52, 61, 63, 89, 154, 155, 178, 187, 190, 249;
“Art des nomades de l’Asie centrale” (“The Art of the Nomads of Central Asia”), 286n63;
BEB II, 6, 9, 52, 221, 256n10;
“Bemerkungen zum heutigen Kunstbetrieb” (“Notes on the Contemporary Art World”), 268n1;
Bebuquin oder Die Dilettanten des Wunders (Bebuquin, or The Dilettantes of the Marvelous) 2, 36, 39, 260nn1, 5, 6, 261n14;
“Brief an die Tänzerin Napierkowska” (“Letter to the Dancer Napierkovska”), 264n60;
“La collection Reber” (“The Reber Collection”), 286n50;
“Diese Aesthetiker veranlassen uns…” (“These aestheticists prompt us to…”), 210, 216, 276n9;
Entwurf einer Landschaft (Design for a Landscape), 178–81;
“L’exposition de l’art abstrait à Zurich” (“The Abstract Art Show at Zurich”), 164;
Die Fabrikation der Fiktionen (The Fabrication of Fictions), 221;
Georges Braque, 6, 19, 91, 94, 155–56, 158, 207, 212, 216, 219;
“Gestalt und Begriff” (“Gestalt and Concept”), 210, 216, 276n9;
“Gravures d’Hercules Seghers” (“The Etchings of Hercules Seghers”), 19, 178–81, 187;
Die Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts (The Art of the 20th Century), 5–6, 10, 15–16, 91, 92, 94, 122, 154, 158, 164, 166, 167, 173, 185, 187–88, 190, 191, 198, 207, 208, 209, 218, 223, 247, 225, 241, 244–45, 255n8, 284n34, 288n80;
“Maillol,” 60–62, 269n11, 273n83;
Negerplastik (Negro Sculpture), 22–23, 42, 59–90, 170, 216;
“Notes sur le cubisme” (“Notes on Cubism”), 171, 281n78, 284n34, 287n77;
“Pablo Picasso:
Quelques tableaux de 1928” (“Pablo Picasso:
Some Paintings from 1928”), 284n31;
“Paraphrase,” 36, 38, 176;
“Picasso,” 284n29;
“Politische Anmerkungen” (“Political Notes”), 47–49, 50, 54, 89, 154, 155, 187, 189;
“Porträt eines Sammlers” (“Portrait of a Collector”), 177;
“Probleme heutiger Malerei” (“Issues in Contemporary Painting”), 284n24;
“Rossignol” (“Nightingale”), 176, 285n49;
Die schlimme Botschaft (Bad Tidings), 3;
“Der Snobb” (“The Snob”), 38–39, 43–44, 48, 63, 187, 260n6;
“Der Tapezier” (“The Decorator”), 37–38, 39–40, 41, 154;
“Totalität” (“Totality”), 84–86, 90;
“Traktat vom Wort und dem Kreuz” (“Treatise on the Word and the Cross”), 29;
“Über Paul Claudel” (“On Paul Claudel”), 34–35;
“Der Verfall der Ideen in Deutschland” (“The Decline of Ideas in Germany”), 290n10;
“Der verlorene Wanderer” (“The Lost Wanderer”), 29–30, 31, 37, 41, 42, 44, 261n13;
“Zentralasiatische Nomadenkunst” (“The Art of the Nomads of Central Asia”), 182–85
Einstein, Daniel, 1
Ernst, Max, 11
(p.302) essence, nonessence (Wesen, Unwesen), 27–28, 39–58;
in Einstein’s Aktion texts, 44–54;
in Einstein’s Documents texts, 176, 177;
in Einstein’s Dada texts, 54–56;
in Einstein’s prewar texts, 39–44;
in Novalis, 40;
in Schelling, 28. See also Einstein as writer; ground; origin
evolution, evolutionism, 12–15, 62–63
fantasy (Fantasie), 30, 52
Farner, Konrad, 218
Fechheimer, Hedwig, 273–74n83
fetish, 65, 89
Fiedler, Konrad, 233–34, 294n68
Flechtheim, Alfred, 3
Fleckner, Uwe, 268nn2, 6, 280n64, 282n2
Fore, Devin, 293n43
form:
as Fassung, 213–15, 217, 223–24;
formal animism, 171–76;
form shield, 161;
as revolt, 222–24;
as tectonic and psychogram, 165–71;
in African sculpture, 86–87;
in Badiou, 205;
in Hildebrand, 69–70, 73;
in Klee, 230–32, 233–43;
in Wölfflin, 163–64
Foster, Hal, 64
Foucault, Michel, 95, 190, 210, 212, 214, 277n20, 289n82, 290n13
Fraenger, Wilhelm, 178
Frankfurt School, 12, 190, 205, 211–12
Frazer, J. G., 269n14
freedom, 18, 19, 124–28, 136, 141, 147, 203–6, 261n16
Freud, Sigmund, 160–61, 162, 165, 230, 283n7, 284nn23, 35, 289n92
Friedlaender, Salomo, 2, 264n58
Friedrich, Hugo, 264n60
function (Mach), 93–96
futurism, 10, 11, 121–22, 154, 158, 221, 279nn56, 58, 293n43
Geelhaar, Christian, 294n71
Geistige movement, 54, 55
Genesis, Book of, 29, 191
George, Stefan, 273–74n83
gestalt, Gestaltung, 209, 223, 224, 225, 231, 233–43
Gilot, Françoise, 124, 126
God:
and apophatic theology, 261n9;
inaccessibility of, 28–29;
“The Lost Wanderer” on, 261n13;
Negro Sculpture on, 65–67. See also origin
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 32, 257n21, 262n23
Gouel, Eva, 144, 151, 282n97
Gramsci, Antonio, 15–16, 17, 93, 258n28
Greaney, Patrick, 262n25, 264n60
Green, Christopher, 172, 285n37
Greenberg, Clement, 244–45, 294–95n72
Gris, Juan, 4, 91
Gropius, Walter, 4
Grossman, Wendy, 270n27
Grosz, George, 3, 54
ground, groundlessness:
in African sculpture, 87–89;
in contemporary art, 268n1;
in cubism, 23–24, 91–93, 97, 98;
in Einstein on Klee, 250;
in Einstein on Picasso, 186–87, 189, 192, 204;
in Einstein’s art history, 63–67, 159, 161, 163, 177, 178–84;
in Einstein’s prewar texts, 18–23, 27–30, 31, 36, 38–40, 44, 46–48, 50, 53, 55, 58;
in Hegel, 190–96;
in Klee, 238, 241–43;
in Maillol, 59–61;
in modernity, 9–11, 205–6;
in Negro Sculpture, 63–67, 89;
Gudea, 161–62;
seated statue, 162
Guercio, Gabriele, 287n76
Guevrekian, Lyda, 6
Hardt, Michael, 16, 17
Hausenstein, Wilhelm, 3, 68, 87
Haxthausen, Charles, 93, 246, 267n94
Heartfield, John, 3
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 13, 24, 35, 36, 37, 93, 155, 158, 159, 184, 190–91, 205, 257n20, 262–63nn23, 29, 30, 32, 34, 267n92, 285n49, 288nn86, 87, 88, 289nn92, 104;
Lectures on the Aesthetic, 31–34, 184, 285n49;
Science of Logic, 24, 190–91, 205, 262n29, 288nn87, 88. See also dialectic; negation
Heidegger, Martin, 11, 276n4
Helmholtz, Hermann von, 69, 70–72, 75–76, 233, 270n31, 271n35, 273n74
Henrich, Dieter, 190, 191
Herzfelde, Wieland, 267n99
Hildebrand, Adolf von, 69–84, 87–88, 233;
Wittelsbacher Fountain, 69–70, 69, 72–73, 72, 81–82, 87–88
Hiller, Kurt, 54
Historical Materialism (HistoMat), 12, 13, 15, 258n28
history:
and causality, 12–16, 28, 63–64;
and the real, 212–15;
and repetition, 10
Hodler, Ferdinand, 59
Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, 52
Homer, 32–33, 262n29
Horkheimer, Max, 210
(p.303) humorism, fanatic, 52–56
Husserl, Edmund, 276n4, 278n31
hypothesis, 25, 168, 216, 218, 222–23, 224, 292n30
impressionism, 59, 60, 78–79, 80, 122, 233, 276n7
indifference point:
in African sculpture, 89;
in cubism, 98, 154;
in Documents double page, 189;
in Einstein, 22, 24, 50, 53, 62–63, 65, 92, 183, 249, 266n83;
in Friedlaender, 264n58;
in Heidegger, 276n4;
in nomad art, 183;
in Picasso, 136;
in Schelling, 28, 50;
in Segers, 183. See also doubleness; simultaneity
infinity:
in African sculpture, 87, 90;
in Einstein, 27–30, 31, 33, 37–38, 40, 44, 50, 57, 59–61, 62, 87, 90, 92, 185, 260n5, 261n13, 265n74, 266n83, 288n87;
in Friedlaender, 264n58;
in Maillol, 59–61, 62;
in nomad art, 185;
in Novalis, 29–30, 261nn15, 16;
in Picasso, 187;
in Schelling, 50;
in Simmel on Rodin, 75–77, 80. See also origin
Ioganson, Karl, 17
irony, 11, 41, 149, 244, 246, 249, 251
James, William, 94, 172, 291n15
Jay, Martin, 86
Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry, 2, 7, 9, 92, 97, 122, 216–17, 275n3
Kandinsky, Wassily, 4
Kant, Immanuel, 27, 44, 70–71, 74, 129, 257n20, 260n5, 270n30, 274n86
Kautsky, Karl, 45, 257n13
Kiefer, Klaus, 282n1
Klee, Paul, 4, 6, 25–26, 29, 207–8;
affectivity, 232–44;
arrow, 235, 294n70;
cosmology, 225–33, 247, 250;
cubism, 240, 294–95n72;
metamorphosis, 225–33, 236–42, 249;
myth, 247–51;
negation and Gemütlichkeit, 243–51;
realism, 221–23;
Ardent Flowering, 234–36, 236, 240, 243;
Before the Snow, 226;
Flower Eater, 241–43, 242;
Forest Architecture, 236–41, 239, 243, 294n71;
Monument in Fertile Country, 227;
Ventriloquist and Crier in the Moor, 247, 248, 250, 251
Kolakowski, Leszek, 16–17
Krauss, Rosalind, 271n46, 275n111, 282n2
Kropotkin, Peter, 44
Krull, Germaine, 182
Kwinter, Sanford, 256n6
Landauer, Gustav, 13, 54, 257n13
La Roche, Raoul, 128
Laurencin, Marie, 138
Lavoisier, Antoine, 228
Léal, Brigitte, 188
Le Corbusier, 11–12
Léger, Fernand, 91
Lehmbruck, Wilhelm, 60
Leiris, Michel, 5, 6, 7, 158, 161, 177, 187, 198, 228, 229, 282n1, 283n9, 285n38, 286n51, 287n78, 294n58
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich, 54, 205
Lethen, Helmut, 263n40
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien, 172, 173, 269n14, 285n38
Liberman, Alexander, 127
Liebknecht, Wilhelm, 2, 3, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 54, 265n70, 266n80
Loewenson, Erwin, 2, 261n14
lost wanderer. See personas
Lukács, Georg, 11–12, 223
Lunacharsky, Anatoly, 4, 54, 267n101
Luxemburg, Rosa, 3, 7, 13, 14–15, 16, 17, 19, 25, 45, 54, 93, 155, 257n13, 258nn31, 32
Mach, Ernst, 94–95, 98, 105, 121, 172, 190, 278n33
Maillol, Aristide, 60–62, 269n11;
La Méditerranée, 60, 61
Malevich, Kazimir, 17–18, 105, 164, 259n39
Mallarmé, Stéphane, 2, 22, 28, 35, 38, 42, 56, 63, 65, 184, 249, 263n41, 264n60, 276n4
Marc, Franz, 242–43
Marées, Hans von, 59, 233
Marx, Karl, 12, 15, 258n28
Marxism, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 46, 49, 74, 212, 259n38
masochism, 5, 167, 179–80, 231. See also ontological stances
Masson, André, 158, 166, 167, 168, 170, 207, 240;
Automatic Drawing, 166
mathematics, 30, 31, 41–42
Matisse, Henri, 276n7
Mauss, Marcel, 5, 158, 172, 173, 190, 191, 273n83, 285nn37, 38
memory, 71, 85, 93, 160, 245
metamorphosis, 19, 20, 208, 209, 212–13, 214, 216–21, 223–24, 232–38, 241–42. See also Klee; the real
metaphor, 32, 33, 55, 262n23, 285n49, 286n51
Michel, Andreas, 283n7
microcosm and macrocosm, 226, 230–31, 247, 250. See also ontology
miracles, 209, 216–17, 224
Miró, Joan, 158, 168, 207
(p.304) myth, mythology, 208, 217–21, 233, 249–51;
formal, 173, 176, 224, 234;
palingenetic, 218;
performative, 219;
private, 247;
and writing, 249–50. See also Klee; metamorphosis; myth; the real
Nägele, Rainer, 256n3
Natorp, Paul, 82
naturalism, 77–82, 215, 229–30, 233
negation, negativity:
in Einstein, 20–21, 35, 39, 50, 63, 86, 93, 215, 220–21, 245–46, 251;
in Greenberg, 244–45;
in Hegel, 34, 35, 190–91, 205, 262n28, 289n104;
in Novalis, 40;
in Picasso, 125–28, 129, 136, 187, 194–203;
in politics, 16–17, 220. See also dialectic; Hegel; nihilism; ressentiment
neo-Kantianism, 74, 77, 78, 81, 82, 233, 275n3
Neolithic art, 162–63
Neopathetisches Cabaret, 2, 54, 261n14
Neuer Club, 2, 261n14
Neumeister, Heike, 275n1
Neundorfer, German, 269n11
New Economic Policy (NEP), 4, 255n7, 258n27
Newton, Isaac, 228
Nicodemus, Everlyn, 270n25
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 25, 43, 94–95, 105, 122, 123, 165, 167, 172, 173, 186, 190, 191, 210–12, 214, 217, 218, 229, 231–32, 246, 277nn15, 20, 257n20, 258n27, 263n32, 264n61, 277n20, 277n26, 278n41, 287n76, 290n11;
Birth of Tragedy, 231–32, 240;
Genealogy of Morals, 210, 211, 215, 246;
Will to Power, 95, 97, 122, 123, 167, 211, 212, 232, 281n15
nihilism, 18, 21, 34, 46, 49, 52, 92, 155, 178, 181, 183, 191, 204, 244, 262n23, 288n86. See also dialectic; negation; ressentiment
nomad art, 182–85
nonessence. See essence
Novalis, 2, 21, 22, 27–30, 32, 35, 38, 40–41, 50, 52, 58, 185, 260n1, 261nn13, 14, 15, 16, 264n51
novelty, 14, 15, 17, 20, 24, 29, 97, 210, 214, 220–21, 223, 234
November Revolution, 54
objectivation, subjectivation, subobjective function, 94–96, 108–11, 129, 136, 145, 153–54
October Revolution, 4, 15, 251
Oehm, Heidemarie, 265n74, 279n53
Olivier, Fernande, 144
ontological stances, 160–61, 167, 204, 208, 211–12, 214, 215, 219, 220, 229–32, 234, 238, 241, 244–46
ontology, world-building:
in animism, 172–73;
in art, 223–24;
in Badiou, 204–5;
in Bataille, 219–20;
in constructivism, 17;
in cubism, 97;
in Einstein’s art criticism, 22–23, 57–58;
in Einstein’s prewar prose, 21–22, 27–30, 34–37, 46, 52;
in Einstein’s writing, 18–21;
in Hegel, 33–34, 190–91;
and left-wing politics, 16–17;
in Mach, 94–95;
in Malevich, 17–18;
in Mesopotamia, 161;
in modernity, 9–16;
in Nietzsche, 94–95, 172, 173, 190, 212, 277n15, 290n12;
and nomads, 183–84;
in Picasso, 204–6;
in Segers, 178;
in the studio, 138–39;
and Weltzwang, 160. See also the real
origin, originality, 9–11, 11–17, 15, 27–30, 31, 35, 36, 38–39, 48, 50, 55, 61, 62–65, 89, 91–93, 97, 128, 154, 161, 173, 174, 183, 187, 191, 204, 220, 222. See also essence; ground
Paleolithic art, 162–63
parliamentarianism, 12, 13, 22, 37, 45–49, 185, 256n12, 265n70, 266n80
Parmelin, Hélène, 126
Paudrat, Jean-Louis, 62
Paul, Jean, 267n92
Penkert, Sibylle, 53
personas:
African masks as, 89;
the artiste, 37, 249, 263n41;
Braque as, 154–56;
the decorator, 37–38;
in Einstein’s texts, 22, 23, 24, 37–39, 46–48, 56, 89, 177;
the jongleur, 249;
Klee as, 249–51;
the lost wanderer, 22, 23, 24, 41, 46, 49, 67, 89, 92, 98, 154, 156, 176, 178, 182–85, 188, 204, 206, 250;
the mystic, 37–38;
nomad head as, 182–85;
Picasso as, 154–56, 186–89, 204;
the pauper, 49–52, 187, 190;
Reber as, 177;
Segers as, 178–81;
the snob, 38–39, 43
Pfemfert, Franz, 2, 45, 46, 49
Picasso, Pablo, 14, 15, 16, 23, 24–25, 91–93, 110, 111, 115, 119, 154–56;
arris, 281n86;
double style, 185–89;
eroticism, 129–43, 144–54;
faux bois, 147–51;
formal animism, 171–76, 190, 192;
freedom and constraint, 124–28, 141, 145, 147, 149, 154, 155;
ground, Grundkontrast (foundational contrast), Grundoperation, 91–93, 97, 98, 127–28, 155, 186, 190–96, 201–5;
image-body, 24, 110, 141, 145–53, 281n85;
image-object, 23, 136, 139;
negation, negativity, 125–28, 129, 136, 149, 155, 194–98, 202–4;
photography, 138–41, 281n85;
(p.305) proteanism, 185–87;
simultaneity, 129, 141, 143, 145, 154–55, 189, 201;
at Sorgues, 144–53;
in the studio, 127, 136–43, 196–206;
stylistic multiplicity, 129;
subobjective function, 129, 136, 145, 153;
subversion, 124–26, 128, 155;
surface and volume-seeing, 127–36, 139–53;
tectonic hallucination, 167–71;
visual ethics, 124–28, 136, 139, 145. See also Braque; cubism; surrealism
Picasso, Pablo, works by:
Acrobat, 198–203, 200;
The Aficionado, 128–36, 130, 153, 155, 250, 281n78;
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 129, 147, 147, 196;
Female Acrobat, 198–203, 199;
Figure (sculpture), 194, 195;
Guitar (Oslo), 151, 150;
Guitar (Paris), 145–47, 146;
Guitar (private collection), 147–151, 148;
Guitarist, 115–19, 120;
Guitar “J’aime Eva,” 151–54, 152, 153;
Horta landscapes, 281n85;
The Mandolin Player, 110, 141–43, 142, 143, 279n46;
Metamorphosis I, 194, 195;
Metamorphosis II, 194;
The Milliner’s Workshop, 168, 174–76, 174, 175, 198;
The Painter (The Studio, Stockholm), 201, 202–3, 205;
The Painter and His Model (New York), 168;
The Painter and His Model (Paris), 168–71, 169;
The Painter and His Model (Tehran), 191–98, 192, 193, 289n92;
The Poet, 129, 132;
Portrait of Georges Braque, 139–40, 140, 141;
Seated Nude (Prague), 281n85;
Self-Portrait, 138, 138;
Still Life on a Pedestal Table, 136–41, 137;
The Studio (New York), 168;
The Studio (Venice), 168;
Woman in an Armchair, 191, 192, 197–98, 197;
Woman with a Red Hat, 188–89, 188
Picasso und Negerplastiken (Picasso and Negro Sculpture) (exhibition), 275n1
Pitt Rivers, Augustus, 269n13
Plato, Platonism, 164, 222, 223, 234
Die Pleite (The Flop) (journal), 3, 54–55, 56, 267n94
poetry, poiesis, 14, 222
Poggi, Christine, 282n97
politics, 3–4, 9, 11–16, 204–5, 250–51;
and theory of the real, 208, 211–12, 209–20;
and writing, 18–21, 44–49, 52–57
positivism, 25, 44, 210, 222–23, 229, 258n28
Prichard, James Cowles, 245
primitivism, 39, 60–61, 62–67, 269n14
psychoanalysis, 165, 190, 230
psychogram, 24, 165–67, 171, 174, 178, 181, 189, 230–31. See also tectonic
Ramm, Maria, 2, 36
Raphael, 227–28n28
Raphael, Max, 2, 7, 278n33
Rauch, Christian Daniel, 32
real, Einstein’s theory of the, 25, 159–63, 184, 208–15, 222–25, 234, 240–41, 250. See also metamorphosis; ontology
realism, 208, 221–24, 233–34
reason, rationalism, 209–20
Reber, Gottlieb Friedrich, 177, 187, 282n1, 287n79
religion, African, 65–67
Renaissance art, 78, 79, 81, 88, 97, 163, 164
repetition, 10–11, 14, 19, 76, 77, 85, 160, 161, 214–15, 236–38
ressentiment, 167, 187, 191, 210, 212, 214, 220, 246. See also negation; nihilism
revolt, revolution, 12–16, 19–21, 208, 212–21, 222–25, 228, 238, 244, 250–51
Richardson, John, 289n98
Riemann manifold, 224, 293n50
Riezler, Walter, 87
Rodchenko, Alexander, 17, 18, 259n38
Rodin, Auguste, 69, 73–77, 78–80, 84;
Danaid, 75–79, 76
Romanticism, Romantic philosophy, 2, 21, 27, 35
Rosenberg, Alfred, 218
Rosselet, Joan, 282n97
Rost, Nico, 255n7
Rowohlt, Ernst, 3
Rubiner, Ludwig, 2, 50, 264n58, 267n76
Rüdiger, Helmut, 6, 9, 256n1
Russian Revolution, 15, 16
sadism, 5, 179–80, 231. See also ontological stances
Sant’Elia, Antonio, 11
Saxl, Fritz, 228
Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von, 22, 27–28, 35, 50, 256n2, 260n1, 5, 6, 276n4
Schlaffer, Heinz, 262n23
Schlick, Moritz, 82
sculpture:
frontality in, 81, 83, 88;
impressionist, 78–79;
pictorial, 77–79;
Second International, 12–15
Segers, Hercules, 24, 178–81
semiology, semiotics, 240–41, 278n41
Sextus Empiricus, 269–70n18
simile. See Einstein as writer
(p.306) Simmel, Georg, 1, 22, 69, 73–77, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 86, 264n61, 266n80
simultaneity, at-onceness (Gleichzeitigkeit):
in Braque, 121–28, 154–55;
in Einstein’s prewar texts, 41–42, 43, 47–48, 49, 51, 53, 63, 89, 265n74;
in Einstein’s theory of the real, 213, 215, 229;
in futurism, 121–22;
in Hegel, 191;
in miracles, 217;
in Picasso, 129, 141–44, 145–54, 154–55, 158, 189, 201;
in sculpture, 83, 84, 85, 86, 89;
in Segers, 179–80;
of different models of primitivism, 63;
of masochism and sadism, 179–80, 187
Sitte, Camillo, 88
skepticism, 64, 182, 269–70n18
social democracy, 3, 6, 13, 45–46, 49
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), 12, 13, 14, 45–46, 265n70
Song of Songs, 33–34
Sorel, Georges, 2, 46–47, 49, 155, 265n74
Soviet Union, 4, 14, 126, 250–51, 255n7, 267n101
space:
and Chokwe sculpture, 83–84, 88–89;
in cubism, 92–93, 96–98;
in nomad art, 184;
in Picasso’s surrealism, 168–76;
in Renaissance art, 277–78n28;
and Wittelsbacher Fountain, 69–73, 87–88. See also cubism (volume-seeing)
Spanish Civil War, 6–7, 54
Spartacus Revolt, 3, 13, 54, 57, 205, 211
Speer, Albert, 218–19
spontaneity, 16, 155, 222, 258n32
Staller, Natasha, 281n79
Stavrinaki, Maria, 265n74
Steinberg, Leo, 147, 281n86
stimulus, 17–18
Strother, Zoë, 64, 65, 270n21
subobjective function. See objectivation
Sumerian sculpture, 161–62
surrealism, 5, 6, 158, 165–66, 168, 207, 216, 287n78
Sweeney, James Johnson, 124, 125, 126
symbol, symbolism, 31–36, 38–39, 46, 48, 49, 65–67, 176, 184–85, 262n23, 285n49. See also Einstein as writer
syndicalism, 2, 46, 54
Tarabukin, Nikolai, 259n38
tattoo, 184–85, 216, 218, 220
the tectonic, 24, 159–71, 174, 178, 181, 189, 225, 230–31, 232, 236, 237–38. See also psychogram
telepathy, 172
Tietze, Hans, 68
time:
and causality, 27–29;
quantitative and qualitative, 85–86. See also art history; history; simultaneity
totality, 77, 82–90
transgression, 213–21
Trotsky, Leon, 54, 76–77
the unconscious, 165, 167, 171, 225, 230–31
unicity. See doubleness
Urgrund (arch-ground), 28, 256nn2, 3, 260n5. See also ground
Ursprung (origin, arch-crack), 39, 256n3. See also origin
Veshch’ Objet Gegenstand (journal), 4
virtual, actualization of the, 86–87
vision:
Dionysian-Apollonian, 167, 232;
inferential, 70–73;
in Klee, 235–36, 245–47;
visionary, 15, 224;
volume-seeing, 96–98
Waldschmidt, Ferdinand, 59
Walser, Robert, 47
Wasmuth, Ewald, 213
Werckmeister, Otto Karl, 218
Wölfflin, Heinrich, 69, 72, 78–79, 81, 88, 97, 163–64, 277nn27, 28
Wollheim, Richard, 96, 277n26, 279n41
world. See ontology
Zahn, Leopold, 228
zero:
in cubism, 154;
in Einstein’s texts, 21, 41–42, 44, 50, 51, 56–57, 268n1;
in Friedlaender, 264n58,
in nomad head; 183,
in Picasso, 187, 203;
in sculpture, 89;
in Segers, 178, 181. See also indifference point
Zervos, Christian, 144, 185–86, 287n76
Das Ziel (The Goal) (journal), 55