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The Ascent of Globalisation$
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Harry Blustein

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781784992897

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.001.0001

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date: 04 August 2021

Last best hope for peace

Last best hope for peace

(p.24) 2 Last best hope for peace
The Ascent of Globalisation

Harry Blutstein

Manchester University Press

President Roosevelt called Leo Pasvolsky the ‘architect of the United Nations.’ However, he received this accolade through luck, as his main rival, Sumner Welles, was politically assassinated in a rather sordid affair before he could take credit for his contributions to the final design. The machinations in San Francisco, where the UN treaty was negotiated, are described. There was a rebellion, led by Australia, against granting the major powers veto and the conference would have unravelled had it not been for some backroom arm-twisting by the US. As a result, the final architecture sacrificed true equality between nation members to accommodate the demands of the major powers. When the Cold War broke out, this flaw in the UN’s structure made it difficult for the organisation to resolve ongoing tensions between the major power blocs and keep the peace.

Keywords:   United Nations, Leo Pasvolsky, Sumner Wells, Cold War

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