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Moral EntanglementsConserving Birds in Britain and Germany$
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Stefan Bargheer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226376639

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226543963.001.0001

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date: 26 May 2020

Field Ornithology and Practical Bird Conservation

Field Ornithology and Practical Bird Conservation

Chapter:
(p.109) Chapter 4 Field Ornithology and Practical Bird Conservation
Source:
Moral Entanglements
Author(s):

Stefan Bargheer

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226543963.003.0005

Chapter 4 analyzes how organized bird conservation became tied to the emerging science of field ornithology in the 1930s and 1940s. In Britain, field ornithology became institutionalized through the foundation of the British Trust for Ornithology as a volunteer body aiming to organize amateur bird watchers for the goals of science and conservation. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds was largely a club of bird watchers throughout this period. Amateur bird watching and professional field ornithology were both collecting practices and focused on rare and endangered species, enabling a close organizational tie between the two fields. In Germany, by contrast, there developed no such close link between amateur bird watching and bird conservation. Instead, initially privately owned Research Stations for Bird Protection, which were later administered by the state, became the central institutional loci for translating the valuation of birds into action. Bird Protection Stations were experimental sites for determining the usefulness or harmfulness of various bird species in order to inform bird conservation for economic ends. Unlike its British counterpart, the Bund für Vogelschutz aimed for the cooperation of farmers, fruit growers, and foresters, not predominantly for that of amateur bird watchers.

Keywords:   British Trust for Ornithology, BTO, field ornithology, Bird Protection Stations, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Bund für Vogelschutz

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