In 1775, Johann André published a through-composed setting of Bürger’s folk-style ballad “Lenore.” This chapter uses a 1781 salon performance of the setting as a shadow-play to demonstrate the new interactions between poetry, music and moving images being explored at this time, as well as their contribution to the rising status of through-composed lieder. The shadow-play offered a lesson in musical listening by directing listener focus away from the elements of composition and performance – where it normally centred – to the audiovisual experience these might conjure for the imagination. More than a response to changes in literature, then, the shift towards through-composition had to do with modes of reception and listening - with a wider transformation in the kinds of experiences available to consumers of culture.
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