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Irish Migrants in Modern Wales$
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Paul O'Leary

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780853238485

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313356

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date: 18 May 2022

‘The Black Hand’: 1916 and Irish Republican Prisoners in North Wales

‘The Black Hand’: 1916 and Irish Republican Prisoners in North Wales

(p.139) ‘The Black Hand’: 1916 and Irish Republican Prisoners in North Wales
Irish Migrants in Modern Wales

Jon Parry


This chapter investigates the internment camp at Frongoch for rebels of the Easter Rising. Medical support and religious succour were important services that had to be sought. Publicity and propaganda were important to the internees. The clear deficiency of medical care resulted in widespread protests both inside and outside the camp. Data shows that Irish and Welsh classes were maintained at Frongoch, and that the inmates also developed their political education, although most of them had little understanding of political issues. Frongoch later went into Irish mythology, and the men who had ached there became part of a hierarchy of the revolutionary tradition. It then caught the Welsh imagination, particularly among the nationalist community, and additionally, developed an artificial society that had no hope of survival in a wider political arena.

Keywords:   internment camp, Frongoch, rebels, Easter Rising, medical support, religious succour, political education, Irish mythology, artificial society

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