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Making HistoryEdward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics$

G.A. Bremner and Jonathan Conlin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265871

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.001.0001

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date: 27 May 2020

(p.311) Index

(p.311) Index

Source:
Making History
Publisher:
British Academy
1066, political significance of 251–2; see also Hastings, Battle of
Abraham, Charles 56
absolutism 207
Achaean League 132n99, 133n102
Acquoy, J. G. R. 276n14
Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, 1st baron 57, 256, 286
Adams, Herbert Baxter, 106, 116, 233–4, 235, 273–4
Allen, William Francis 277
Allon, Henry 66, 70, 74, 76, 79, 80
American Historical Association 106, 117
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 241, 244
Anglo-Saxons 34, 111, 203, 205, 206, 230–5, 240–1, 249–50
Annales school 86, 100
antiquarianism 92, 140, 240, 298–9, 302–4, 305, 306–7
anti-Semitism 211, 219–20
Aratus of Sicyon 132
Archaeological Association 157–8
archaeology 155, 174, 250
Archer, T. A. 248
architectural history 140, 143, 155, 157–8, 173, 195; see also Waltham Abbey
architecture
Anglo-Saxon 170
and authenticity 152
castle 249
Decorated style 144, 145
development of 186
English pre-Conquest 167
Gothic 16, 17n49, 18, 19, 35, 144, 145, 149–50, 154, 180, 182, 184, 185, 187, 189, 190, 191, 193
Gothic Revival 139–55, 185, 188, 195
Irish 77
moral effect of 149
Norman 142, 149, 167, 170, 171
ornamentaion in 146–7
Perpendicular 145, 146
Roman 145
Romanesque 35, 145, 146, 149, 166, 167
styles 18, 19, 35, 95, 142, 143, 144–6, 148, 149, 150, 152, 153–4, 170, 191
‘Battle of the Styles’ 182–3
symbolic content of 143–4
theory and practice of 184–5
Arnold, Matthew 11, 77, 235
Arnold, Thomas 10–11, 16, 17, 62, 65, 68, 122–3, 140, 284
Outlines of Sacred History 55
Arnold, Thomas, Jr 57
Aryans 23, 24, 25, 26, 123, 124, 125, 128, 131, 134, 182, 200, 201, 208–9, 215, 220–1, 222, 234
‘Low Dutch’ 202–3, 204
‘Asiatics’ 25–6
assimilation 20
architectural 18–19
racial 3, 23, 24, 25, 26, 109–10, 113, 117, 124, 125
Athanasian Creed 67
Bampton lectures 71, 72
Baptists 78
Bascombe, K. N. 174n71
Bates, David 253
Baxter, Richard, statue 75, 76
Baxter, Stephen, ‘Lordship and Labour’ 253
Bayeux Tapestry 134, 170, 243, 244, 245
Becket, Thomas 34, 257, 258, 266–7, 269, 271
Beesly, E. S. 301
Bernard, Montague 43
Bernheim, Ernst 288
Lehrbuch der historischen Methode 274, 278, 282, 286
Billington, Ray Allen 117
Blaas, P. B. M. 11
Bonaparte family 303
books, authority of 281–2, 283
Boston Evening Transcript 112
Bötticher, Carl 194n55
Bowden, J. W. Life and Pontificate of Gregory the Seventh 34, 37
Bowles, Emily 56–7
Boyle, George David 75
Brady, Robert 240
(p.312) Bratchel, M. E. 11
Brendon, Piers 43
British Empire 40, 116, 201, 209, 214, 232
and British national identity 22n76
colonies 27, 113–14, 218, 224, 226, 228, 231, 233
Imperial Federation 27, 202, 204, 223–9
British Quarterly Review 121, 124n28, 298
Brixworth church, Northamptonshire 145
Brotherhood of St Mary 17, 150
Brown, James Baldwin 79
Brown, John (artist) 162
Brown, R. Allen, The Normans and the Norman Conquest 249–50
Brownlee, David B. 18
Bryce, James 17–18, 63, 102, 104, 105n20, 225, 227–8, 233
American Commonwealth 107
Studies in Contemporary Biography 87n12, 15, 91n32, 94n49, 99n77
Buckle, Henry, History of Civilisation in England 10
The Builder 162
Bulgaria 121, 124, 125, 128, 210, 211
Bunyan, John
The Pilgrim’s Progress 76
statue 75, 76
Burges, William 168–9, 171, 172
Burgundy 207
Burrow, John 11, 21, 26, 49, 117, 199
A Liberal Descent 32, 158, 282, 299
Butterfield, Herbert, The Whig Interpretation of History 10
Butterfield, William 151
Byzantine Empire 54–5, 129–30, 130–2, 202
Cambridge, Church of the Holy Sepulchre 151–2
Cambridge Architectural Society Congress (May 1860) 173, 174
Cambridge Camden Society 17, 140, 144, 145, 148, 151–2
Campbell, James 250
Carlyle, Thomas 260
Carmen de Hastingae Proelio 244, 245
Carnegie, Andrew 233
cartography, 100; see also maps
castles 249
Catholic Church 53, 77, 266
Catholic Review 113–14
Chambers, Robert, Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation 19, 20
Chibnall, Marjorie 159
Christian Observer 258
Christian Remembrancer 263
Christianity 122–3
Church, R. W. 43, 63
Church of England 69, 70, 73
Church of England Quarterly Review 52
Church of Ireland 69, 70, 77, 307
Church of Scotland 69, 78
churches
African-American 95n51
architecture 35, 144–54
brasses 147, 148
disestablishment 36, 68, 69, 73–4, 77, 78, 307
and Dissolution of the Monasteries 36
Eastern Orthodox 41, 58, 59, 67, 129, 130
endowments 306, 307
English, pre-Conquest 41
established 68, 77, 78
High Church 42, 43–4, 45, 49, 51, 52, 53, 66–7, 68, 71, 73, 75, 80, 307; see also Tractarians
and history 73
Leicestershire 145, 147
Northamptonshire 145, 147, 148
ornament 144, 146
restoration of 18, 151–3, 162; see also Waltham Abbey
spires 145, 148
citizenship 223, 225, 232–3
Clark, George T. 87n15, 157
Coleridge, H. J. 16, 43, 44n77
Coleridge, J. D. 43
Collini, Stefan
Absent Minds: Intellectuals in Britain 295
Public Moralists 294n4, 300
Colomb, Sir John 226–7
colonies 41n56, 225
British Empire 27, 113–14, 218, 224, 226, 228, 231, 233
church design 144
Greek 227–8
‘white man’s burden’ 214 see also British Empire
Congregationalists 71, 76, 78, 79, 80
Conlin, Jonathan 162
Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, emperor 91
Constantinople 132, 133
Contemporary Review 121, 298, 307
Cook, Thomas 92
Copeland, W. J. 33, 43
Cottingham, L. N. 141
Covenanters 78
Cox, George W. 42n67, 159
Crangle, John V. 24
Cranstoun, James 151
Crawford, James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th earl of, Progression by Antagonism 19–20
Creagh, James, Over the Borders of Christendom and Eslamiah 93
(p.313) Creighton, Mandell 44, 278, 282
Crimean War 120–1, 302
Curteis, G. H.
The Church and Dissent 72
Dissent, in Its Relation to the Church of England 71
Dalmatia 89–90
Danes 246
Davidson, J. M. 27
Davies, John Llewelyn 72
Davies, Rees, The First English Empire: Power and Identities in the British Isles 253
Dawkins, Sir William Boyd 4, 6, 86, 89n23
De inventione sanctae crucis (Waltham Chronicle) 161, 163, 166, 170
De Labilliere, Francis 228, 229
De Smedt, Charles 276, 286
democracy 39–40, 204, 205, 206–7, 247
Denny, Sir Anthony 160
Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Stanley, 14th earl of 126n48, 239, 240
Derrick, J. M. 151
Devonshire, church architecture 145
Dicey, A. V. 233
Dickens, Charles 102, 103
Digby, Kenelm 53
Dilke, Charles 116
Greater Britain 102
Disraeli, Benjamin 26, 81, 121, 211
Sybil 37
dissenters 72–3, 79, 210; see also Nonconformists
Domesday studies 251
Dorchester (Oxfordshire), Abbey Church of SS Peter and Paul 151–2
Douglas, David 249
D’Oyly Carte, Richard 105, 114
Droysen, Johann Gustav 276, 286, 288
East and West 125–6, 128
Eastern Orthodox church 41, 58, 59, 67, 130
Eastern Question 26, 37n34, 70, 90, 98n70, 120–35, 218, 234; see also Ottoman Empire
Eastlake, Charles 179
Ecclesiological Society 179, 180
Ecclesiologists 140, 144, 146, 179–80, 183, 186
Edinburgh Philosophical Institution 120–1
Edinburgh Review 71, 120, 298
Education Act (1870) 69
Edward the Confessor, King 243, 245, 251
Egypt, British occupation of 212
Ely Cathedral 166
Empire endowments 306–9
England, and Imperial Federation 227
English Historical Review 12, 248, 295–6
English identity 159, 174, 213, 222, 252
Erastianism 74
Essex Archaeological Society, Transactions 160, 173
ethnic identity 251; see also English identity
ethnography 95
Evans, Sir Arthur J. 89, 128
Evening Star 298, 307
federalism 133, 225, 228, 229, 232
federations 205, 207–8, 234
Imperial Federation 27, 202, 204, 223–9
Fernie, Eric, ‘Saxons, Normans and Their Buildings’ 174
Ferrey, Benjamin 144–5
feudalism 37–8, 206, 207, 249
Finlay, George, History of Greece 131
Fiske, John 106, 116, 234–5
Forbes, Archibald 105
Forbes, Duncan 10–11
Forster, W. E. 228
Fortnightly Review 107, 121, 298, 301
France, cities 89; see also Burgundy; Mantes; Mont Saint-Michel; Normandy; Paris
Franco-Prussian War 301, 303
Freeman, Edgar 101, 107
Freeman, Edward Augustus
academic posts 212, 239, 264, 294
anti-Erastianism 35–6
anti-monarchism 38
anti-Semitism 211, 219–20
appearance 111
on architects 150
and architecture 177, 179
artistic abilities 91n32, 162; see also sketches
character 13, 180
childhood 13–14, 32, 51, 261
death 87
and editorial process 162
education 14, 15, 47, 262
and Froude, J. A. 255–6, 256–7, 264–5, 267–71, 294, 300
and Greece 130–1
as a historian 44, 278–9
intellectual impact of 192–4, 293–310
as a journalist 296–300, 302–6, 309
as a lecturer 87n15
lectures
(p.314) ‘Address to the Historical Section… at Cardiff’ 157–8
Comparative Politics 25, 110, 123, 215, 226, 283, 284, 285
‘The English People in Their Three Homes’ 102, 108, 109, 111
‘George Washington, the Expander of England’ 231
The History and Conquests of the Saracens 120–1, 210
Lectures to American Audiences 105, 230
The Methods of Historical Study 274, 275–6, 277, 278, 279–80, 281–2, 283–4, 285–6, 287, 289
‘The Office of the Historical Professor’ 279
‘On the Progressive Development of the Several Styles of Architecture’ 180
‘The Practical Bearings of General European History’ 102, 108
Rede lectures 60, 123, 287
‘Three Homes’ series 104
on Waltham Abbey 173
letters to editors 298
and liberalism 37, 41–2, 199, 208, 213–14
linguistic abilities 94n49
and literary piracy 88–9
and Nonconformism 80–1
and nostalgia 117
obituaries 100, 248, 299
and Oxford Movement 15, 31, 32–3, 36, 44, 45, 65, 262–3, 263–4
and Oxford Society for Promoting the Study of Gothic Architecture 139–40, 141, 143, 144–5, 146, 147–50, 151, 152, 154
as a Parliamentary candidate 70, 119
pedantry 247
photography 91n32
and political domination 40–1
and politics, 32, 39, 203, 204, 210–11, 217–18
popularity in Europe 119–20
as a public intellectual 294–306
publishing formats 12–13
religious temperament 14–15, 16, 32, 41, 42–3, 69, 130, 262, 263
and Ruskin, John 184, 186, 187
and Scott, George Gilbert 139–40, 152, 153, 154, 177, 179–84, 186, 187–9, 190–3, 195–6
sketches 90–1, 161–2, 172
and Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn 66–7
as a student 15–17, 33, 263
travels 85–100
Balkans 89
Dalmatia 89–90, 91, 93, 96
Europe 86, 88
France 89
Greece 119
Montenegro 133–4
New York 104
Normandy 87
North America 86
Paris 87
Rhineland 91n32
Spain 87
Switzerland 204
United States 94, 95n51, 101–2, 104–18, 230–1, 233–4
and Waltham Abbey restoration 157–75
and war 96–7
and Wilde, Oscar 114
writings
‘Ancient Church Endowments’ 308, 309
‘The Architecture and Early History of Waltham Abbey Church’ 160, 163, 166–7, 168
The Chief Periods of European History 126–7
‘Church Spoilers and Their Doom’ 36
‘The Consecration’ 53
‘The Conquest and the Conqueror’ 38
‘Development of Roman and Gothick Architecture, and Their Moral and Symbolical Teaching’ 148, 180n11
Disestablishment and Disendowment, What are They? 70–1, 81, 307
General Sketch of History 200
‘George Washington, the Expander of England’ 217
‘Greater Greece and Greater Britain’ 223, 225–6
The Growth of the English Constitution 206–7, 208, 214–15
Historic Towns: Exeter 100n78
Historical and Architectural Sketches: Chiefly Italian 88–9, 92–3
Historical Geography of Europe 85, 100n78, 215
History and Conquests of the Saracens 98, 121–2, 123–4
A History of Architecture 7, 16, 17, 18, 19, 140, 142, 145, 153, 172, 182, 183–4, 189, 192
History of Federal Government 123, 132n99, 133, 205
History of Sicily 99, 127–8, 215
The History of the Norman Conquest of England: Its Causes and Its Results 3, 4, 6, 7–9, 11, 37, 87, 129, 158–9, 167, 214–15, 239–47, 253, 254
‘The House of Lords and the County Councils’ 305
(p.315) ‘Imperial Federation’ 228, 232
‘Introduction to American Institutional History’ 106
‘Itinerarium Americanum’ 101
‘Last Words on Mr. Froude’ 270
‘Mahomet’ 124n28
‘Mediaeval and Modern Education’ 306
Methods of Historical Study 85, 88n17, 100n78
‘Montenegro’ 93n42, 134
‘Mr Froude’s Life and Times of Thomas Becket’ 268
The Nature and Origin of the House of Lords 304
‘On Cathedral and Collegiate Chapters’ 39
On the Preservation of Ancient Monuments and Remains 153
‘On the Progressive Development of the Several Styles of Architecture, and the Connection of Each with the Spirit of the Age in Which It Arose’ 147
‘On the Study of History’ 299–300
Ottoman Power in Europe, Its Nature, Its Growth, and Its Decline 90, 98, 122, 123–4, 135
Poems, Legendary and Historical 159
Principles of Church Restoration 18, 152
‘Race and Language’ 23–4, 25
The Reign of William Rufus and the Accession of Henry the First 242–3
‘The Royal Title’ 304
Sketches from the Subject and Neighbour Lands of Venice 88, 90, 91–2, 94, 96n60, 97
Sketches of Travel in Normandy and Maine 92n36, 93n44, 95n50
Some Impressions of the United States 105n20, 107, 112, 113, 114–15, 230, 231
‘Survivals of Empire’ 47
Thoughts on the Study of History 21–2, 284
‘Trudge to Trebinje’ 96
‘Unity of History’ 221
Freeman, Eleanor 19, 87
Freeman, Margaret 89
Freeman family 203
Freud, Sigmund 63
Froude, James Anthony 257–61
The English in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century 113
‘A Few Words on Mr. Freeman’ 269
and Freeman, E. A. 6, 255–6, 256–7, 264–5, 267–71, 294, 300
History of England 255, 260–1, 264, 265
‘Life and Times of Thomas Becket’ 255–6, 257, 266–7, 268, 271, 300
The Nemesis of Faith 260
‘Scientific Method Applied to History’ 289n64
Shadows of the Clouds 260, 268
Froude, Richard Hurrell 34, 56, 66, 100n78, 235, 256, 258, 263, 269–70
History of the Contest between Thomas à Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Henry II., King of England 258
Remains of the Late Reverend Richard Hurrell Froude 34, 43, 257, 258, 268, 269
Froude, Robert 257, 258
Garibaldi, Giuseppe 59
Garnett, George, Conquered England 253
The Gazette 129
gender studies 249, 250
Gentleman’s Magazine 169, 171, 172, 173
geography, historical 8, 17, 85, 86, 87–8, 95, 99, 100, 222; see also topography
geopolitics 218
Germany
Gothic architecture 154
scholarship 15
Gibbon, Edward, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire 21
Gladstone, William Ewart 20, 39, 42, 44, 58n69, 70, 77, 294
The Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East 121, 211
‘Montenegro’ 134
Godwin, earl of Wessex 158, 243, 253
Godwinson family 167, 245; see also Harold II, King
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 60
Gothic Revival 139–55
Norman style 144–5
Greeks 25, 110, 127, 129, 202, 222, 225–6
Green, John Richard 44, 66, 131, 239, 247, 248–9, 297
Short History of the English People 248
Greenwood, Frederick 301
Gregory VII, pope See Hildebrand
Grey, William 145
The Guardian (High Church journal) 43, 44, 298
Guillaume Durandus, bishop of Mende, Rationale divinorum officiorum 143–4
Gutch, the Revd Robert 15, 261
Gyrth, earl of East Anglia 245
Habsburg Empire 207
Haddan, A. W. 33, 43
(p.316) Haddan, Thomas 43
Hadden, R. H. 72
Hall, Catherine 22
Hall, Michael 18
Hamburg, Nikolaikirche 154, 180, 182
Hare, Augustus, ‘Cities of Central and Northern Italy’ 88
Harold II (Harold Godwinson), King 3, 4–6, 8, 34–5, 38, 129, 243, 245
connection with Waltham Abbey 158–9, 161, 163, 167, 169, 170, 171, 173–4
Harris, Jose, Private Lives, Public Spirit: A Social History of Britain 1870–1914 299
Harrison, Frederic
‘The Effacement of England’ 278, 301, 302
‘Historical Method’ 289
The History Schools 9–10, 286
Hastings, Battle of 86n8, 89n23, 243–5, 247, 248
Henry I, King 7–8, 246, 254
Henry II, King 160, 172, 173, 257, 266, 267
Henry VIII, King 41, 59
Herodotus 127
Herzegovina 96, 121
Hildebrand (Pope Gregory VII) 34, 35, 37, 38, 63
Hildebrandt, Louis Foltat 288
historians, professionalism of 12, 283, 293, 294
Historical Association of England and Wales 117
historical methods 273–89
definitions 277–8
historiography 11, 147, 287
history
architectural 140, 143, 155, 157–8, 173, 195
bias in textbooks 117
comparative method 21, 234, 276, 284–5, 286, 288
importance of geography to 8, 17, 85, 86, 87–8, 95, 99, 100, 222
journals 12
‘liberal adoption theory’ 23
primary sources 279–80, 281, 287
publishing 12
and race 200, 205, 208–11
scientific method applied to 288–9
study of 4, 11–12, 16, 33
unity of 122–3, 217, 247, 284–7, 288
use and abuse of 303–4, 309, 310
history writing 7–12
Holy Roman Empire 207
Hooker, Joseph 3
Hope, A. J. B. Beresford 183, 185–6
Hope, Thomas 146, 193
Horner, J. F. F. 90
Horsman, Reginald, Race and Manifest Destiny 107
House of Lords reform 304–5
Hübsch, Heinrich 194n55
Huggins, P. J. ‘The Church at Waltham: An Archaeological and Historical Review’ 174n71
Hume, David 78
Huxley, Thomas Henry 3, 4, 105, 107
Imperial Federationists 225, 231
India 40–1, 201, 209
Ingram, James 33
Ireland 70, 77, 212
Irish-Americans 113–14
Irons, William Josiah, On the Apostolical Succession 53
Islam 125–6, 210
Italy 207; see also Rome; Sardinia; Sicily
Jews 26; see also anti-Semitism
John Rylands Library 161, 298
Johns Hopkins University 273, 287–8, 288–9
Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science 106, 233
Jones, Basil 16
journalism, higher 43, 295–9
Kaye, John, bishop of Lincoln 52
Keble, John 33, 34, 258
Kemble, John Mitchell
Codex diplomaticus Ævi Saxonici 241
The Saxons in England 241
Kennedy, Duncan, ‘A Sense of Place: Rome, History and Empire Revisited’ 60
Kent, Christopher, ‘Higher Journalism and the mid-Victorian Clerisy’ 296
Kenyon, John 256
kingship 38, 249, 250; see also monarchy
Kingsley, Charles 4, 22, 103–4, 105, 107, 116, 159, 294
The Water-Babies 109
kinship 125, 201, 222
Koditschek, Theodore 256
Kumar, Krishnan, The Making of English National Identity 22n76
landscapes 17; see also geography
Langlois, Charles-Victor 275–6
language
English 246, 252
history of 241
(p.317) and race 23, 25, 27, 110–11, 200, 201
‘The Last Mass at St Sophia’ (poem) 129
Le Patourel, John 251–2
Leicestershire, churches 145, 147
Leofwin Godwinson 245
Liberal Party 77, 211
liberalism 37, 41–2, 199, 208, 213–14
Liberation Society 68, 71
Lilly, W. S. 56
Llandaff Cathedral 153, 154
Lodge, Cabot 116
Longman’s Magazine 107
lordship 223, 249, 251, 253
Lubbock, Sir John 3, 4, 8, 21
Lyman, Chester 104
Lyman, Delia 104
Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer, 1st baron, Harold, the Last of the Saxon Kings 159
Macaulay, Thomas Babington 62
History of England from the Accession of James II 20, 132
Macmillan (publishers) 12
Macmillan, Alexander 242
Macmillan’s Magazine 93n42, 121, 134, 298
Maddicott, John, The Origins of the English Parliament 924–1327 253
Maine, Sir Henry James Sumner 102, 220, 285, 297
Lectures on the Early History of Institutions 125
‘South Slavonians and Rajpoots’ 134
Maitland, F. W. 251, 293
Manchester Guardian 298, 299, 304
Mandler, Peter 22
Manning, Cardinal Henry Edward 62
Mantes (France) 7–8
maps 100, 248, 254; see also cartography
Markham, Sir Clements Robert 47, 51, 89n23
Martineau, Harriet 103
Metaphysical Society 295
Methodists 69, 72, 79
Mill, John Stuart 102, 302
Miller, Raymond Durbin 287
Milman, Henry Hart 67
Mohammed, Prophet 210
Momigliano, Arnaldo 11
Monarchic Federalism 133
monarchy 36, 38, 39, 207, 208, 240; see also kingship
Mont Saint-Michel 93n44
Montenegro 122, 132, 133–4
Montfort, Simon de, earl of Leicester 207
More, Hannah 13, 32, 262
Morley, Albert Edmund Parker, 3rd earl of 90
Morning Chronicle 42
Mozley, J. B. 43
Mozley, Thomas 43
Muir, William 125
Müller, Friedrich Max 25, 109, 200–1, 220
names 88, 247
national dresses 134
national identity 22, 190
British 22n76
English 159, 174, 213, 222, 252
National Review 120, 189, 297–8
Navarino, Battle of 120
Neale, the Revd John Mason 144, 148–9, 152, 179
‘An Account of the Late Restorations in the Church of Old Shoreham, Sussex’ 149
Notes, Ecclesiological and Picturesque, on Dalmatia, Istria, Styria, with a Visit to Montenegro 93
New Forest 245
New Haven Evening Register 111–12
New Testament 71
New York 94, 104
New York Herald 101, 104
New York Tribune 112
Newman, John Henry 15, 33, 34, 63, 142, 258, 263
Essay on the Development of Doctrine 18, 19, 20
Lives of English Saints 259
Nineteenth Century 134
The Nonconformist 81
Nonconformists 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 75, 79–80, 80–1, 307–8; see also Baptists; Congregationalists; dissenters
Norgate, Kate 248
Norman Conquest 3–4, 34–5, 108, 158, 205–6, 240, 241, 247, 253; see also 1066; Hastings, Battle of
Normandy 3, 87, 249, 253
Normans 27, 246, 251
North America 87; see also United States
North British Review 120, 298
Northamptonshire, churches 145, 147, 148
numismatics 250
O’Connor, Michael 151
Orientals 201–2
Orthodox Christians 121
Ottoman Empire 26, 40, 97, 121, 210, 302; see also Eastern Question; Turks
(p.318) Oxford
Ashmolean Museum 142
Martyrs’ Memorial 142
redevelopment of 141, 142
St Clement’s church 142
Oxford Essays 120
Oxford History of England 249
Oxford Movement 15, 16, 33–4, 38, 39, 44–5, 258, 306
Tract 90 263 see also Tractarians
Oxford Society for Promoting the Study of Gothic Architecture (Oxford Architectural Society; OAS) 16, 17, 33, 139–40, 143, 148, 151, 180
Oxford University
architecture 141–2
liberal arts 282
Magdalen College Chapel 141
rebuilding programme 141
School of History 11–12
Trinity College 33, 130
Oxford University Press building 141, 142
Palgrave, Sir Francis 241–2
Pall Mall Gazette 70, 88, 265, 297, 298, 300–1, 302, 303–4, 307
Palmer, William 58
Palmerston, Henry John, 3rd viscount 190
Paris 87
Parker, Christopher 11n22, 23
Parker, J. H. 174
Parker, John & Son (publisher) 120
Parkin, George 228–9
Parliament, English 206–7
Patterson, James Laird 58–9
Pattison, Mark 282
Paul, St 71
Peterborough Cathedral 166
Petit, J. L. Remarks on Church Architecture 146, 150, 152
Pevsner, Nikolaus 195
Some Architectural Writers of the Nineteenth Century 139
Phillipps, Ambrose 53
philology 109, 200, 285, 286
Pinder, the Revd North, 86
Pius IX, Pope, 61, 62
politics
comparative method in 217, 221
geopolitics 218
popes 34, 35, 37, 38, 41, 48, 49, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57–8, 59, 61, 62, 63
Porter, Noah 104
Presbyterians 68, 77
Prichard, John 186–7
Prochaska, Frank, Eminent Victorians on American Democracy: The View from Albion 102
Prothero, G. W. 227
Public Worship Regulation Act (1874) 75
Pugin, A. W. N. 53, 140, 144, 145, 147, 148
Pusey, Edward Bouverie 33
race
and assimilation 24, 25, 26, 109–10, 113, 117, 124, 125
comparative method and 109, 110, 123, 124, 131, 133–4, 220–1, 222
and history 123, 200, 205, 208–11
and language 23, 25, 27, 110–11, 200, 201
purity of 212–16 see also kinship; Teutonism
racism 11, 21–8, 234; see also anti-Semitism
Ragusa (Dubrovnik) 97
railways 94, 141
Rainy, Robert 78
Randolph, the Revd Dr Francis 13
Ranke, Leopold von 10, 286
Reform Act (1867) 69
Reformation 59, 71, 261
Restoration 71
Rickman, Thomas 143
Ritchie, D. G. ‘War and Peace’ 229
Rogers, J. E. Thorold 44
Rogers, James Guinness 79–80
Congregational Lectures (1881) 80
Rogers, William ‘Hang Theology’ 72
Roman Empire 131, 226
Romans 24, 25, 109, 110, 122–3, 145, 202, 222
Romsey Abbey 150
Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of 304, 305
Round, John Horace 100n78, 248, 249, 294n4
Round, W. H. 6
Royal Archaeological Institute, Proceedings 174
Royal Geographical Society, Proceedings 100
Royal Title Bill 303–4, 305
ruins, conservation of 153
Rule, Martin 56
Ruskin, John 141, 183
Seven Lamps of Architecture 152–3, 184, 185, 186
Stones of Venice 184
Russell, John, 1st earl 37
(p.319) saints 251, 252
Sandwith, Dr Humphrey 97n62
Saracens 210
Sardinia 89
Saturday Review 3, 42, 88, 98n70, 120, 247, 265, 294, 297, 300
Sayce, A. H. 25
Schopenhauer, Arthur 194
Scotland 77–8
Scott, George Gilbert
and Freeman E. A. 139–40, 152, 153, 154, 177, 179–84, 186, 187–9, 190–3, 195–6
and German style 154, 194
and Government Offices, Whitehall 183, 186, 189–90
and Martyrs’ Memorial, Oxford 142, 180
A Plea for the Faithful Restoration of Our Ancient Churches 152, 192
Remarks on Secular and Domestic Architecture, Present and Future 192, 193
‘Rise and Development of Medieval Architecture’ 192–3
Ruskin’s influence on 185, 186, 187
and St Mary’s church, Stafford 152
and Waltham Abbey 171, 172
Seddon, J. P. 186–7
Seeley, J. R. 22, 299
The Expansion of England 231
Seignobos, Charles 275–6
Selborne, Roundell Palmer, 1st earl of 44n75
Sellar, William Carruthers and Yeatman, Robert Julian, 1066 and All That 9, 21, 117
Semitic nations 124, 128
Sewell, the Revd William 17n49
Shannon, Richard 121, 128
Sicily 127–8, 207
Sidgwick, Henry 278
Simpson, R. 143
slavery 107
Slavs 131–2, 133, 134, 202, 207, 209
Smith, Goldwin 22, 103, 116, 230, 235, 239–40
Smith, Joshua Toulmin 307
Society for the Promotion and Study of Gothic Architecture 44
Southey, Robert, Book of the Church 53–4
Spain 87
Spalato (Split) 90, 96
The Spectator 69, 81, 270, 298
Spelman, Henry 36
Spencer, Herbert 105
Sprenger, Aloys 125
Stafford, St Mary’s church 152
Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn 20, 66–9, 71, 79, 80
‘The Character of John Bunyan, Local, Ecclesiastical, and Universal’ address 76
The Church and Dissent 72
Historical Memorials of Westminster Abbey 66, 74
The Three Irish Churches 77
Stead, W. T. 229
Stenton, Doris Mary 249
Stenton, Sir Frank 249
Stephen, Sir James Fitzjames 297, 300
Stephens, H. Morse 235
Stephens, the Revd William Richard Wood 6, 13, 81, 102, 214, 307
Stoughton, John 76, 78
Stout, Sir Robert 229
Stubbs, William 22, 32, 38, 44, 66, 69, 87, 130, 161n17, 171, 239, 240
Christian Institutions 72
‘Methods of Historical Study’ 278
Select Charters 248
Switzerland 25, 204
Sybel, Heinrich von 301, 302
Tacitus, Germania 21
Taylor, Alphonse Warrington 188
Taylor, William Cooke, Overthrow of the Roman Empire 54
technology 223
Teutonism 11, 40, 183, 184, 234, 235
United States 25, 106, 107, 108–9, 113, 116–17
Teutons 21, 55, 104, 123, 131, 181n11, 182, 183, 202, 203–4, 206, 209, 218, 220, 222, 233, 246
racialism 21–8, 102, 110
Thierry, Augustin 3
Histoire de la Conquête de l’Angleterre par les Normands 241
Thirlwall, Connop 76
Thompson, the Revd Henry 15, 19, 32, 42n64, 262
Thorpe, Benjamin 241
Thucydides 281, 284
The Times 189
Tite, William 189, 190
topography 95, 247, 253
Toryism 38
tourism 91–2, 162
Tout, T. F. 248, 299
Tractarians 15, 16, 33, 40, 45, 51, 129, 258, 260, 262, 266, 269; see also churches: High Church; Oxford Movement
transmutationism 19–21
transsubstantiation 51–2, 53
travel writing 91, 98–9
Trebinje 97–8
Trikoupis, Spyridon 121n11
Trollope, Frances 103
Tulloch, John 76
(p.320) Turanians 124, 125, 201
Turks 26, 98, 124, 125, 210; see also Ottoman Empire
Turner, Frederick Jackson
‘The Significance of History’ 274–5
‘The Significance of the Frontier in American History’ 116
Turner, Sharon, History of the Anglo-Saxons 240
Turton, Thomas 52
Tusan, Michelle, Smyrna’s Ashes 134n108
Tylor, Edward, Burnett 21, 285
Tyndale, William, statue 75
Tyndall, John 105, 107
Unitarians 80
United States
and Britain, relationship with 102, 112, 116, 117, 226, 230–1, 233, 233–4
federalism 224, 232
Freeman’s visits to 22–3, 86, 94, 101–2, 104–18, 233–4
immigration 104, 234
Irish-Americans 113
manifest destiny 106–7, 116
race 230
Teutonism 25, 106, 107, 108–9, 113, 116–17, 234–5
Union, failure of 205
Victorian travellers to 102, 103, 105 see also North America
Venables, E. S. 162
Victoria, Queen 303
Vikings 251
Vincent, John Martin 273, 274, 287
Vita Haroldi 161, 163, 170
voluntaryism 71
Wace 91n33, 248
Roman de Rou 244
Waldstein, Charles 235
Waltham Abbey 157, 159–75
Waltham Abbey Historical Society 174n71
Waltham Chronicle 161, 166
Waltheof (son of Siward, earl of Northumbria) 245
Washington, George 117, 231, 232
Watts, Isaac 75
Wayte, Samuel 16, 263
Webb, Benjamin 144, 148–9
Wesley, Charles, monument to 75
Wesley, John 72
monument to 75
Westminster, Palace of 183
Westminster Abbey 73, 74–5, 76, 79, 80, 81, 169, 170, 171
Whately, Archbishop Richard 55
Whewell, William 146
Whig tradition 10, 11, 20, 21, 37, 65, 68
Wilberforce, Henry 56–7
Wilberforce, Robert Isaac 55
Wilde, Oscar 102, 105, 114
Wilkinson, Sir John Gardner 99n73
Dalmatia and Montenegro 93
Wilkinson, Robert, Atlas Classica 88
William I, King 91n33, 170, 242, 243, 244, 245, 249, 251; see also Norman Conquest
William II (William Rufus), King 3, 8, 37–8, 249
William III (William of Orange), King 38, 39
William of Jumièges, Gesta Normannorum Ducum 244
William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum 244
William of Poitiers, Gesta Guillelmi 244
Williams, Ann 254
Williams, Isaac 33
Willis, Robert 140, 146, 172–3
Wiseman, Nicholas 52
women See gender studies
Wormald, Patrick 250
Worsley, Henry, ‘Methods of Historical Inquiry’ 277–8
Youmans, Edward L. 105
Young, Sir Frederick 228
Zakynthos 119
Zeitgeist 140