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The Legacy of J. William FulbrightPolicy, Power, and Ideology$
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Alessandro Brogi, Giles Scott-Smith, and Snyder David J.

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177700

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.001.0001

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date: 02 July 2022

The Limits of Liberal Internationalism

The Limits of Liberal Internationalism

The Fulbright Program in Africa

Chapter:
(p.222) The Limits of Liberal Internationalism
Source:
The Legacy of J. William Fulbright
Author(s):

Hannah Higgin

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0012

This chapter addresses how Fulbright’s views on race complicated American exchange programs with African nations in the 1960s. At the height of the civil rights movement, Presidents Kennedy and Johnson sought to improve relations with newly decolonized African nations, and Fulbright’s influence over exchange programs complicated that pursuit. Though Fulbright believed that boosting mutual understanding through exchange was the world’s best hope for creating and maintaining peace, he did not believe that all people—not least Africans—would be able to grasp the liberal, Western ideals he wished to spread. Though he was known as a racial moderate, his outlook on policy was hemmed in by the color line at home and abroad, a fact that constrained the US government’s African exchange programming. He preferred that the focus of exchange programs remain on Europe.

Keywords:   Africa, Educational exchange, Civil rights, Race, J. William Fulbright

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