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An Archaeology of AbundanceReevaluating the Marginality of California's Islands$
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Kristina M. Gill, Mikael Fauvelle, and Jon M. Erlandson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813056166

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813056166.001.0001

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date: 20 February 2020

Mineral Resources on the Islands of Alta and Baja California

Mineral Resources on the Islands of Alta and Baja California

Evaluating the Marginality of Islands through Space and Time

Chapter:
(p.171) 6 Mineral Resources on the Islands of Alta and Baja California
Source:
An Archaeology of Abundance
Author(s):

Jon M. Erlandson

Kristina M. Gill

Jennifer E. Perry

René L. Vellanoweth

Andrew Yatsko

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813056166.003.0006

Until recently, with a few exceptions, California Islands were believed to be relatively impoverished in high-quality materials for making stone tools. This chapter summarizes the distributions of known mineral resources on the islands, including numerous sources identified during recent geoarchaeology surveys. For islands occupied since the Terminal Pleistocene, the availability of such resources may have changed significantly through time due to sea level rise and coastal erosion. There is spatial variability in the distribution of mineral resources, but we show that such resources were relatively abundant on many of California's islands. This has implications for understanding the antiquity of initial colonization of the islands, the development of exchange networks, and the marginality of island mineral resources.

Keywords:   Geoarchaeology, island mineral resources, California Islands

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