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The Interaction of Borrowing and Word Formation$
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Pius ten Hacken and Renáta Panocová

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474448208

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474448208.001.0001

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date: 21 May 2022

Loanword Formation in Minority Languages: Lexical Strata in Titsch and Töitschu

Loanword Formation in Minority Languages: Lexical Strata in Titsch and Töitschu

(p.215) 11 Loanword Formation in Minority Languages: Lexical Strata in Titsch and Töitschu
The Interaction of Borrowing and Word Formation

Livio Gaeta

Marco Angster

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the growing effect of loanwords on the word formation of Titsch and Töitschu, two Walser German varieties spoken in the Aosta Valley in the Northwest of Italy, in Gressoney and Issime, respectively. Even if both communities of speakers are surrounded by a Romance-speaking area, the two varieties display strikingly different results due to distinct histories of language contact. The chapter considers the case of verb borrowing and the collapse of the stratal condition constraining certain word formation rules to apply only to non-native bases in Töitschu, the development in both varieties of a productive class of semelfactive action nominals not occurring in Modern Standard German and the emergence in Töitschu of phrasal verbs linked to the more general syntactic remodelling sustained by this variety. The phenomena considered show how contact has resulted in the extensive borrowing of patterns of a growing complexity, in direct dependence of the intensity of the contact with the surrounding Romance varieties.

Keywords:   loanwords, Walser German, action nominal, phrasal verbs, lexical strata, language contact

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