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Muhammad IqbalEssays on the Reconstruction of Modern Muslim Thought$
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Chad Hillier and Basit Koshul

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748695416

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695416.001.0001

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date: 30 May 2020

Between Hegel and Rumi: Iqbal’s Contrapuntal Encounters with the Islamic Philosophical Traditions

Between Hegel and Rumi: Iqbal’s Contrapuntal Encounters with the Islamic Philosophical Traditions

Chapter:
(p.112) 6 Between Hegel and Rumi: Iqbal’s Contrapuntal Encounters with the Islamic Philosophical Traditions
Source:
Muhammad Iqbal
Author(s):

Sajjad Rizvi

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695416.003.0006

This chapter discusses Muhamad Iqbal's place in South Asian thought through his interaction with contemporary Muslim and European ideas and thinkers. Iqbal transcends all attempts to limit his philosophy to a particular school or influence. Thus, Iqbal becomes one of the few South Asian intellectuals who reassessed their heritage and sought for it a space within European thought. The chapter then divides Iqbal's intellectual history into three phases: early Indian, middle European, and late Indian. In each phase, it contrasts Iqbal with particular individuals and schools to show that Iqbal neither returned to religious tradition nor completely embraced modernity, but may be described best as a Muslim existentialist in light of his doctrines of khudi, free creative power, and open possibility.

Keywords:   Muhammad Iqbal, South Asian thought, Muslim thinkers, European thinkers, European thought, religious tradition, modernity, Muslim existentialism, khudi, creative power

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