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Europe and the Islamic WorldA History$
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John Tolan, Henry Laurens, and Gilles Veinstein

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691147055

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.001.0001

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date: 29 May 2020

The Age of Empire

The Age of Empire

Chapter:
(p.322) Chapter 14 The Age of Empire
Source:
Europe and the Islamic World
Author(s):

John Tolan

Gilles Veinstein

Henry Laurens

, Jane Marie Todd
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0015

This chapter considers the progress of direct European rule in Islamic countries during the late nineteenth century. Whereas France was concerned with constituting a huge African bloc with the primary and avowed motive of preserving its rank as a major power, Great Britain confined itself to the desire to control the Indian route. Meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire embarked on a policy of reconsolidating the empire on the basis of a modernizing Muslim authoritarianism. In an empire where the share of the Muslim population had grown considerably, with the loss of the Balkan provinces and the continuous influx of Muslim refugees, there was a revival of caliphal as well as Islamic influence. At the same time, the authorities continuously developed the tools of modernity.

Keywords:   imperialism, Africa, Egypt, France, Great Britain, Ottoman Empire, Muslim authoritarianism, modernity, empires

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