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Freedom's GardenerJames F. Brown, Horticulture, and the Hudson Valley in Antebellum America$
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Myra B. Young Armstead

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814705100

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814705100.001.0001

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date: 23 May 2019



(p.152) Conclusion
Freedom's Gardener

Myra B. Young Armstead

NYU Press

This chapter presents some final thoughts about the life of James F. Brown. Brown contributed to the definition of freedom in the new nation through his escape from bondage, exemption from wage slavery, and rich associational life. His success supported the claims of proponents of free labor and therefore the commitment of the young republic to democratic capitalism. His engagement with partisan politics and various organized causes confirmed civil society as a legitimate and powerful political realm in the new, free nation. Brown, as a new kind of political actor—the national citizen—therefore helped define by his life the meaning of free citizenship in nineteenth-century America.

Keywords:   James F. Brown, former slave, freedom, slavery, free labor, capitalism, partisan politics, free citizenship

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