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Handbook of Religion and the Asian CityAspiration and Urbanization in the Twenty-First Century$
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Peter van der Veer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520281226

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520281226.001.0001

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date: 01 March 2021

Contested Religious Space in Jakarta

Contested Religious Space in Jakarta

Negotiating Politics, Capital, and Ethnicity

(p.201) 11 Contested Religious Space in Jakarta
Handbook of Religion and the Asian City

Chang-Yau Hoon

University of California Press

This chapter examines the contestation of religious space in Jakarta as it relates to politics, capital, and ethnicity. Indonesia is known for its religious pluralism. The Indonesian Constitution officially recognizes six religions: Islam, Christianity (Protestantism), Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Jakarta's religious diversity is epitomized by the conspicuous presence of various symbolic religious buildings. This chapter first provides an overview of religious accommodations and contestations in postcolonial Indonesia, along with aspirations of unity in relation to the social reality of rising intolerance. It then explores the contested religioscapes of Jakarta and the intricate processes of the negotiation of religious space by focusing on two religious buildings, one belonging to the Reformed Evangelical Church of Indonesia and the other to the Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation of Indonesia. In particular, it analyzes the implications of the buildings for the dynamics of religious and ethnic politics in the local context.

Keywords:   religious space, Jakarta, politics, capital, ethnicity, Indonesia, religion, religious diversity, religious buildings, religioscape

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