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Black and Brown in Los AngelesBeyond Conflict and Coalition$
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Josh Kun and Laura Pulido

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520275591

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520275591.001.0001

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date: 16 May 2022

The Changing Valence of White Racial Innocence

The Changing Valence of White Racial Innocence

Black-Brown Unity in the 1970s Los Angeles School Desegregation Struggles

(p.115) 4 The Changing Valence of White Racial Innocence
Black and Brown in Los Angeles

Daniel Martinez HoSang

University of California Press

This chapter tells the story of 1970s school desegregation in Los Angeles, with particular emphasis on the responses of both Mexican Americans and African Americans within the context of racial politics. It first provides an overview of historical patterns of school desegregation in Los Angeles before turning to the so-called Chicana/o Walkouts of 1968 in East Los Angeles, the largest student-led protest in the history of California public education. It then considers the debates over desegregation and bilingual education in Los Angeles during the period and the larger narrative of Black–Brown conflict, along with the ways in which struggles over desegregation and bilingual education became intertwined with issues of white racial innocence and white racial power. It also examines the kinds of hardships Latinos and African Americans encountered in public education and why they ultimately failed to work together during the school reform struggle. The chapter concludes by discussing Proposition 1, a California ballot measure that sought to end the district's mandatory desegregation program and many others like it in the state. and its aftermath.

Keywords:   school desegregation, Los Angeles, Mexican Americans, African Americans, Chicana Walkouts, public education, bilingual education, racial innocence, school reform, Chicano Walkouts

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