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The Moon in the Nautilus ShellDiscordant Harmonies Reconsidered$
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Daniel Botkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199913916

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.001.0001

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date: 22 September 2021

Earth as a Fellow Creature

Earth as a Fellow Creature

Organic Views of Nature

(p.120) (p.121) 6 Earth as a Fellow Creature
The Moon in the Nautilus Shell

Daniel B. Botkin


This chapter examines the organic view of Earth in comparison with the scientific and technology-age perception of the planet. It first charts the history of the organic view of Earth before discussing its essence: an idealized (that is, perfect) organism passes through the major life stages from birth to youth, maturation, maturity, reproduction, old age, senility, and death. In particular, it considers the idea that adaptation did not have to be symmetrical and beautiful to be the creation of God, and that God was the only way that such adaptations could come about, in relation to the theological design argument. It also explores Henry David Thoreau's views about nature, the philosophical-religious doctrine of transcendentalism, and his experience in climbing Mount Katahdin in Maine. Finally, the chapter analyzes Frederic Edward Clements's concept of nature as superorganisms.

Keywords:   organic view, Earth, adaptation, theological design, Henry David Thoreau, nature, transcendentalism, Mount Katahdin, Frederic Edward Clements, superorganisms

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