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Open oceans in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the ecology of open oceans in polar regions. Topics covered include gradients in waters, the plankton, the physiological ecology of polar phytoplankton, the zooplankton, squid, ... More


The Influences of climate Variability on North Atlantic Zooplankton Populations

Andrew J. Pershing, Charles H. Greene, Benjamin Planque, and Jean-Marc Fromentin

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Variations in zooplankton populations in regions throughout the North Atlantic have been tied to changes in the Atlantic atmosphere-ocean system. Recent work has tended to focus on the impact on ... More


The community ecology of Vibrio cholerae

Kathryn L. Cottingham and Julia M. Butzler

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Vibrio cholerae, the causal agent of cholera, is a heterotrophic bacterium found in aquatic environments around the world. Although understanding the ecology of V. cholerae is ... More


Incorporating plankton respiration in models of aquatic ecosystem function

Kevin J. Flynn

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers the needs, ways, and means to describe respiratory activities within ordinary differential equation based dynamic models of planktonic organisms. An overview of the ... More


Dynamics of Consumer-Resource Systems

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on consumer-resource dynamics in systems where consumers of different sizes compete for a shared resource. It considers the implications of three important aspects of consumer ... More


A Fresh (Water) Perspective on the Impacts of the NAO on North Atlantic ecology

Dietmar Straile

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

North Atlantic climate variability not only influences North Atlantic ecosystems, but also influences terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems across the Northern Hemisphere. This chapter discusses ... More


Microbial, Microalgal, and Planktonic Reef Life

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Microbes, including bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, protozoans and microalgae, are the most abundant and arguably the most important members of coral reef communities. They occur in the water ... More


Primary consumers: herbivores and detritivores

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the productivity of the important primary consumer trophic level, considering first the macrofaunal mud dwellers, which are mostly infaunal deposit feeders, but which may make ... More


Crustacea: Introduction

Claudia Castellani and Marianne Wootton

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an introduction to the Crustacea, one of the most abundant and diverse components of the plankton. Within a single net-haul, the vast diversity within this group, coupled with ... More


Rotifera

David V.P. Conway, Robert Camp, and Claudia Castellani

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Rotifera, which includes some of the smallest multicellular marine zooplankton. They range between 50 μ‎ to 500 μ‎m in length although some species can reach up ... More


Sardines and the California Current: On a Cold Current Running South

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the dynamics of the California Current and its role in governing high marine productivity. The California Current brings cold deep water upward to the surface along the coast. ... More


Fishes and Aquatic Macroinvertebrates

Teejay A. O'Rear and Peter B. Moyle

in Suisun Marsh: Ecological History and Possible Futures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520276086
eISBN:
9780520957329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276086.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Suisun Marsh is a vital region for desirable fishes and invertebrates. Vegetated banks, high turbidity, variable salinity, dendritic channels, and high hydrologic residence times support highly ... More


Fish and Fisheries

David L. Kirchman

in Dead Zones: The Loss of Oxygen from Rivers, Lakes, Seas, and the Ocean

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197520376
eISBN:
9780197520406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520376.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

As the cause of dead zones became understood, research was devoted to figuring out the impact of hypoxia on aquatic life. The Gulf of Mexico dead zone overlaps with the Fertile Fisheries Crescent ... More


The Organisms: The Actors Within the Abiotic Frame

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198713593
eISBN:
9780191781902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713593.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Here the organisms, that is the actors within the abiotic frame, are presented. The organisms range in size from the smallest viruses at the micrometre scale up to macrophytes and vertebrates at the ... More


Sampling, Preservation and Counting of Samples II: Zooplankton

Peter H. Wiebe, Ann Bucklin, and Mark Benfield

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews traditional and new zooplankton sampling techniques, sample preservation, and sample analysis, and provides the sources where in-depth discussion of these topics is addressed. ... More


Protozooplankton: Ciliates

Alex Kraberg, Rowena Stern, and Michaela Strüder-Kypke

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of ciliates. Ciliates can be found in almost every environment; the majority of species, however, are aquatic and occur in marine, brackish, and freshwater ... More


Protozooplankton: Radiolaria

Rowena Stern, Claire Taylor, Fabrice Not, and Johan Decelle

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of radiolaria. Radiolaria are amoeboid unicellular eukaryotes with mineral skeletons, often forming elaborate symmetrical lattice structures with spines. They form ... More


Protozooplankton: Foraminifera

Rowena Stern, Claire Taylor, and Saeed Sadri

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of foraminifera. Foraminifera are one of the most common shelled marine organisms and date back to the Cambrian era where they are responsible for the colour of ... More


Cnidaria: Scyphozoa and Non-Colonial Hydrozoa

Priscilla Licandro, Astrid Fischer, and Dhugal J. Lindsay

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of scyphozoa and non-colonial hydrozoa. The Phylum Cnidaria assembles highly diverse primitive invertebrates that carry stinging cells called cnida. The presence ... More


Cnidaria: Colonial Hydrozoa (Siphonophorae)

Priscilla Licandro, Claude Carré, and Dhugal J. Lindsay

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of colonial Hydrozoa. Siphonophores are pelagic organisms that can be found the whole year round, sometimes in a characteristic season, inshore and offshore at all ... More


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