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A New Model of School Discipline: Engaging Students and Preventing Behavior Problems

David R. Dupper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195378078
eISBN:
9780199777426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378078.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Mounting evidence shows that zero-tolerance policies, suspensions, and restrictive security policies fail to improve school safety and student behaviors, and are linked with increased risk of ... More


Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

With urban poverty rising and affordable housing disappearing, the homeless and other “disorderly” people continue to occupy public space in many American cities. Concerned about the alleged ill ... More


Pastoral Care and September 11: Scientology’s Nontraditional Religious Contribution

Carole M. Cusack and Justine Digance

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a concise overview of the Church of Scientology's participation in the post-9/11 response at Ground Zero in New York City. Scientology was the only nontraditional religion to ... More


Are Electoral Studies a Rosetta Stone for Parts of Social Sciences?

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Some aspects of social sciences can be made more predictive and, in this sense, more like natural sciences. Electoral studies have many variables with a natural zero (ratio variables), which makes ... More


Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Laurent Lellouch, Rainer Sommer, Benjamin Svetitsky, Anastassios Vladikas, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book is based on the lectures delivered at the XCIII Session of the ´Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in August, 2009. The aim of the event was to familiarize the new generation of Ph.D. ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


Quantities of Temporal Wellbeing

John Broome

in Weighing Lives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines a quantitative notion of a person’s temporal wellbeing (her wellbeing at a time). It uses the same methods as the previous chapter. It gives an account of intertemporal ... More


COLOURING—VARIATIONS ON A THEME

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nešetřil

in Graphs and Homomorphisms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter sets out certain particular classes of homomorphism problems that have been investigated as variants of graph colourings. The homomorphism perspective unifies these concepts and offers ... More


Contested Authority in Rebuilding Ground Zero

Maarten A. Hajer

in Authoritative Governance: Policy Making in the Age of Mediatization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281671
eISBN:
9780191713132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The decision what and how to rebuild at ‘Ground Zero’ is a highly symbolic and contentious act, with high financial stakes, in which the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, Port Authority, ... More


 Fighting It Out

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes the theory of two-person, zero-sum games invented by John Von Neumann in 1928. It begins with an application to the computation of economic shadow prices. It shows that a ... More


Tradition: Fiddler on the Roof

Philip Lambert

in To Broadway, To Life!: The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390070
eISBN:
9780199863570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390070.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Popular

This entire chapter is devoted to the defining work of the Bock–Harnick partnership, Fiddler on the Roof (1964). It considers the musical’s origins in four stories by Sholem Aleichem, the process of ... More


The Problem of the ḫi-conjugation

Jay H. Jasonoff

in Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199249053
eISBN:
9780191719370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a descriptive account of the hi-conjugation, emphasizing its synchronic status as a purely morphological form class, parallel to the historically more transparent ... More


Vernon Smith Meets Messi in the Laboratory

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on zero-sum experimental games where players are predicted to choose probability mixtures. Whereas perfectively competitive games do not represent the entire universe of ... More


Introduction

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book describes an agent-based model dubbed Agent_Zero, which was constructed using a significant volume of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. Agent_Zero is a new theoretical entity that ... More


Mathematical Model

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part of the book describes explicit mathematical models for the affective, cognitive, and social components of Agent_Zero. It first considers some underlying neuroscience of fear and the role of ... More


Agent-Based Computational Model

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part describes the agent-based and computational model for Agent_Zero and demonstrates its capacity for generative minimalism. It first explains the replicability of the model before offering an ... More


Extensions

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part discusses the fourteen extensions of Agent_Zero: endogenous destructive radii; age and impulse control; fight vs. flight; replication of the Latané–Darley experiment; introduction of ... More


Future Research and Conclusions

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This part offers some ideas for future research and applications of Agent_Zero. It first considers Agent_Zero's numerical cartography before discussing its affective, cognitive, and social ... More


Forting Up the Skyline: Rebuilding at Ground Zero

Harvey Molotch

in Against Security: How We Go Wrong at Airports, Subways, and Other Sites of Ambiguous Danger

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163581
eISBN:
9781400852338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163581.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter focuses on Ground Zero and the successive attempts to rebuild. It treats the replacement skyline of New York as a great mishap and wasted opportunity. Security measures display, on the ... More


Noncooperative Game Theory: An Introduction for Engineers and Computer Scientists

João P. Hespanha

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175218
eISBN:
9781400885442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175218.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book is aimed at students interested in using game theory as a design methodology for solving problems in engineering and computer science. The book shows that such design challenges can be ... More


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