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Earnings of Black and White Youth and Their Relation to Poverty

Philip M. Gleason and Glen G. Cain

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between employment of black and white youth and their family income and poverty status. It utilizes the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to ... More


Policy Networks in British Government

David Marsh and R. A. W. Rhodes (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Policy is not made in the electoral arena or in the gladiatorial confrontations of Parliament, but in the netherworld of committees, civil servants, professions, and interest groups. This collection ... More


What can we learn about policy innovation?

Maria Petmesidou and María C. González Menéndez (eds)

in Youth Employment: Style Handbook

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447350347
eISBN:
9781447350354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350347.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the institutional structures and processes that facilitate or hinder policy learning and innovation with respect to effective measures for school-to-work (STW) transitions. ... More


Youth Employment Policy 1970–1990: Towards the Exclusion of the Trade Unions

David Marsh

in Policy Networks in British Government

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the development of youth employment policy between 1970 and 1990. There is some evidence that a stable policy community has existed in this area. A single agency, the Manpower ... More


Rites of Passage: Origins of the Youth Employment Service

Harry Hendrick

in Images of Youth

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217824
eISBN:
9780191678295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217824.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the origins and application of youth employment service as a way to address the problems related to adolescent male labour in Great Britain. It states that social scientists ... More


Where do Young People Work?

Raffaele Grotti, Helen Russell, and Jacqueline O’Reilly

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Jobs for young people are very unevenly distributed across economic sectors. Regardless of country differences, there are striking similarities in this uneven sectorial distribution. Little attention ... More


Facing the global challenge of youth employment

Ragui Assaad and Deborah Levison

in Did the Millennium Development Goals Work?: Meeting Future Challenges with Past Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447335702
eISBN:
9781447335740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335702.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the global challenge of youth employment, arguing that employment inadequacy among young people is a much broader phenomenon than youth unemployment as conventionally defined. ... More


Youth Employment: Style Handbook

Jacqueline O'Reilly, Clémentine Moyart, Tiziana Nazio, and Mark Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447350347
eISBN:
9781447350354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350347.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

After the financial crisis of 2008, youth unemployment soared across Europe, leaving a generation of highly qualified young people frustrated in their search for secure, meaningful work. This ... More


Youth participation in the labour market in Germany, Spain and Sweden

Floro Ernesto Caroleo and Francesco Pastore

in Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe: A comparative study

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343680
eISBN:
9781447304388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343680.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter describes the impact of training on the employability of the young (aged 18–24) long-term unemployed in Sweden, Spain and Germany. The importance of active labour market policy (ALMP) in ... More


Do business start-ups create high-quality jobs for young people?

Renate Ortlieb, Maura Sheehan, and Jaan Masso

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0020
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Since the onset of the recent economic crisis, there has been renewed interest among policymakers across Europe in measures to stimulate self-employment and entrepreneurship as an alternative to ... More


How can young people’s employment quality be assessed dynamically?

Gabriella Berloffa, Eleonora Matteazzi, Gabriele Mazzolini, Alina Şandor, and Paola Villa

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter adopts a dynamic approach to the study of youth labor market integration. It focuses on individual trajectories (i.e., sequences of employment statuses) and considers the timing, order, ... More


Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Jacqueline O'Reilly, Janine Leschke, Renate Ortlieb, Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, and Paola Villa (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Youth transitions to employment and adulthood have become increasingly protracted and precarious. The Great Recession exacerbated these difficulties. The varied European experiences affect young ... More


Exploring the Impact of Reforms in the Moroccan Vocational Education System: A Policy Analysis

Brahim Boudarbat and Daniel Egel

in Young Generation Awakening: Economics, Society, and Policy on the Eve of the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190224615
eISBN:
9780190224622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190224615.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 1984, Morocco implemented an ambitious reform of its vocational training system, with the main goal of increasing youth employment by making the system more adaptive to the constantly evolving ... More


The School-to-Work Transition of Jordanian Youth

Mona Amer

in The Jordanian Labor Market in the New Millennium

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198702054
eISBN:
9780191771781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702054.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the school-to-work transition among youth (15–34) in Jordan and youth employment. It pays particular attention to the post-secondary and university educated and to young women ... More


Day Continuation Schools: Creating the Adaptable and Efficient Citizen

Harry Hendrick

in Images of Youth

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217824
eISBN:
9780191678295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217824.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the implementation of compulsory part-time day continuation schools as a way to address the adolescent male labour problem in Great Britain. Social reformers considered day ... More


Economic Transformation

Tina P. Kruse

in Making Change: Youth Social Entrepreneurship as an Approach to Positive Youth and Community Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190849795
eISBN:
9780190849825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849795.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

This chapter examines the mechanisms for promoting the effects of youth economic experience, usually via employment. Since many, though not all youth social entrepreneurship activities include youth ... More


Young People’s Job Aspirations in Egypt and the Continued Preference for a Government Job

Ghada Barsoum

in The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198737254
eISBN:
9780191800733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737254.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite the slowing of government hiring in Egypt, the government remains the employer of choice for new entrants to the labor market, particularly young women. This chapter provides evidence of the ... More


Part-Time Employment and Aesthetic Labor Among Middle-Class Youth

Yasemin Besen-Cassino

in Youth, Jobs, and the Future: Problems and Prospects

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190685898
eISBN:
9780190685935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685898.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Economic Sociology

This chapter addresses work experience from the perspective of the young people themselves so as to capture varied lived experiences of youth employment and unemployment. Research to date has ... More


Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions

Lucia Hanmer, Edinaldo Tebaldi, and Dorte Verner

in The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198799863
eISBN:
9780191864698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

There are significant differences in labor market outcomes by gender in Tunisia. These gender differences differ substantially in the richer coastal and eastern regions and the poorer southern and ... More


Labor Markets and Firm Benefit Policies in Japan and the United States

Seiritsu Ogura, Toshiaki Tachibanaki, and David A. Wise (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620947
eISBN:
9780226620954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620954.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This volume, the fourth to result from a collaboration between the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Japan Center for Economic Research, presents a selection of thirteen chapters ... More


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