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Kids, Groups, and Crime: Some Implications of a Well-Known Secret

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is about youth crime and sentencing policy. The “well-known secret” is this: adolescents commit crimes, as they live their lives, in groups. While the empirical evidence for this ... More


The Case of the Disappearing Superpredator: Some Lessons from the 1990s

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0042
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the two types of demographic measures that have caused concern over trends in youth crime in the next fifteen years. It examines available data on the number of adolescents, ... More


Juvenile or Criminal Court?: A Punitive Theory of Waiver

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0051
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The use of a juvenile court for youth crime is almost universal throughout the developed nations. However, every American jurisdiction has provided for exceptions—circumstances and procedures that ... More


Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Maggie Blyth and Enver Solomon (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The Youth Crime Action Plan, launched by the UK government in 2008, emphasises crime prevention and early intervention in different aspects of work with young people who offend or are considered to ... More


Are Sugar and Spice Really Evolving into Snips and Snails and Puppy-Dog Tails?

in Justice for Girls?: Stability and Change in the Youth Justice Systems of the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226770048
eISBN:
9780226770062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770062.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the evidence related to the claim that girls are becoming more and more like boys in the nature and rate of their offending, and how the differences that exist in Canada and the ... More


Integrated or targeted youth support services: an essay on ‘prevention’

Howard Williamson

in Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

There is a lot of mischief within the debate on the respective merits and effectiveness of ‘universal’ versus ‘targeted’ services — of any kind. The point is that, in relation to any ‘target’ group ... More


Intervening in gang-affected neighbourhoods

John Pitts

in Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Violent youth gangs are almost invariably located in economically distressed urban neighbourhoods. Many U.S. studies and recent experience in Europe and the United Kingdom indicate that poor housing, ... More


Serious incidents in the youth justice system: management and accountability

Maggie Blyth

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Public opinion tends consistently to overestimate the scale and trend in offending as recorded official crime data. This applies to offending among young people as well as to offending among adults. ... More


Introduction

Enver Solomon and Maggie Blyth

in Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Prevention rather than cure is the obvious, common-sense approach to dealing with any problem, and it is unsurprising that criminal justice policy has been driven by such an ideal. Shortly after ... More


The third time as farce: whatever happened to the penal state?

John Pitts

in Criminalisation and advanced marginality: Critically exploring the work of Loic Wacquant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781447300014
eISBN:
9781447307587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300014.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

John Pitts develops a critique of the neo-liberal punitiveness argument of Wacquant, reminding us that accounts of the emergence of the penal or security states rests, in the last analysis, on ... More


Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Maggie Blyth, Chris Wright, and Robert Newman (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Over the last decade, the reformed youth justice system has seen increases in the numbers of children and young people in custody, a sharp rise in indeterminate sentences and the continuing deaths of ... More


Young people and parole: risk aware or risk averse?

Hazel Kemshall

in Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The United Kingdom currently has one of the highest juvenile prison populations in Western Europe. This is against a backdrop of falling crime rates but heightened public, media and political ... More


Introduction

Maggie Blyth, Robert Newman, and Chris Wright

in Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This book is a collection of contributions from experts that examines government policy in the United Kingdom in relation to the incarceration of children and young people under eighteen years old. ... More


Attachment research and the origins of violence: a story of damaged brains and damaged minds

Felicity de Zulueta

in Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Knife violence and killings are becoming rampant in London and other cities, which are being highly publicised by the media. Although knife crime has existed for hundreds of years in the United ... More


European perspectives on prevention

Rob Allen

in Prevention and youth crime: Is early intervention working?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422637
eISBN:
9781447303060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The case for prevention is at one level self-evident, and there is still widespread support in Europe for Franz von Liszt's (1905) dictum that the best crime policy is social policy. Comparison of ... More


Ten years on: conclusions

Robert Newman and Maggie Blyth

in Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The contributions in this book have raised important policy questions with respect to three overlapping areas: the suitability of the current custodial system for children and young people; the scope ... More


Aggravated Inequality: Neighborhood Economics, Schools, and Juvenile Delinquency

Robert D. Crutchfield and Tim Wadsworth

in Economics and Youth Violence: Crime, Disadvantage, and Community

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789308
eISBN:
9780814760239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter explores youth and adult employment patterns in disadvantaged communities, school performance, and delinquency in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. An important result ... More


The Context of the Bulger Case and its Ripple Effect

Claire McDiarmid

in Childhood and Crime

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781845860127
eISBN:
9781474406147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845860127.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines, in depth, the way in which the Bulger case has become emblematic of debates surrounding youth crime, and of “evil children” and has been a touchstone for societal responses to ... More


Dramas of Social Tension and Adjustment

Alan Burton and Tim O'sullivan

in The Cinema of Basil Dearden and Michael Relph

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748632893
eISBN:
9780748671144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632893.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Between 1950 and the early 60s, Dearden and Relph worked together on five films that were to become the focus for their subsequent reputation. These were the cycle of ‘social problem films’, ... More


Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring and David S. Tanenhaus (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479816873
eISBN:
9781479863402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479816873.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear ... More


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