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Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations

Rolf Loeber, David P. Farrington, James C. Howell, and Machteld Hoeve

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Section I of this chapter summarizes the most important points of Chapters 2 to 5 and relevant portions of Chapter 10 (which concerns European issues) by addressing key findings that are relevant for ... More


Proportionate Sentencing: Exploring the Principles

Andrew von Hirsch and Andrew Ashworth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272600
eISBN:
9780191709692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272600.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The principle that a sentence should be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence remains at the centre of penal practice and scholarly debate. This book explores highly topical aspects of ... More


Introduction

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter intrudes the key elements of this volume. This volume focuses on the age period between mid adolescence and early adulthood (roughly ages 15-29) and it addresses what we know about ... More


The Legal Process before 1968: The Juvenile Court

Kenneth McK. Norrie

in A History of Scottish Child Protection Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474444170
eISBN:
9781474490740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter explores the world-wide movement at the turn of the 20th century towards specialist juvenile courts to deal with children who commit offences. Following the lead of the juvenile court ... More


MAPPA: learning the lessons for young offenders

Hazel Kemshall and Jason Wood

in Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements and Youth Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422156
eISBN:
9781447302841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422156.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The 1990s saw a growing preoccupation with high-risk offenders in the United Kingdom, particularly their accurate identification, reliable risk assessment and effective risk management. By the turn ... More


Justice for the Young *

Tom Bingham

in The Business of Judging: Selected Essays and Speeches

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299127
eISBN:
9780191685620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299127.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics, Philosophy of Law

This chapter is addressed to the special problem of the young offender. The risk of course is that children and adolescents committing not very ... More


The Young Offender

Christine Kelly

in Juvenile Justice in Victorian Scotland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474427340
eISBN:
9781474476508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427340.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The first chapter places the book in its historical, theoretical and cultural setting, exploring the background against which juvenile justice reform occurred in Scotland and placing this in the ... More


Youth Crime in Hong Kong

Francis Wing-lin Lee

in Nurturing Pillars of Society: Understanding and Working with the Young Generation in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028801
eISBN:
9789882207226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028801.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

In Hong Kong, many ordinances provide behavioral guidelines, particularly through defining the status of people. Those convicted of an offence aged 10 to 15 are referred to as “juvenile offenders” ... More


Young people who offend

Kathryn Farrow, Gill Kelly, and Bernadette Wilkinson

in Offenders in focus: Risk, responsivity and diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347879
eISBN:
9781447302865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347879.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter brings together ideas about working with young people who offend (aged 10 to 21), presenting developmental approaches to understanding offending behaviour that are particularly ... More


‘You just know you're being watched everywhere’: young people, custodial experiences and community safety

Carlie Goldsmith

in Community safety: Critical perspectives on policy and practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347305
eISBN:
9781447301950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347305.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter is based on a small-scale qualitative research project carried out in 2005 with young people who had spent time in Young Offender Institutions. It notes that the research has three aims: ... More


Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements and Youth Justice

Kerry Baker and Alex Sutherland (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422156
eISBN:
9781447302841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422156.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPAs) are now one of the central features of government policy in the United Kingdom for managing the risk presented by violent and sexual offenders. ... More


Negotiating tensions and contradictions in youth crime prevention initiatives in Ireland

Fred Powell, Martin Geoghegan, Margaret Scanlon, and Katharina Swirak

in Youth policy, civil society and the modern Irish state

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719083532
eISBN:
9781781706268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083532.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the issue of youth crime, law reform and community based projects for young people at risk. It compares and contrasts mainstream youth services with targeted initiatives, ... More


Sentenced to education: the case for a ‘hybrid’ custodial sentence

Maggie Blyth and Robert Newman

in Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

For many practitioners and policy makers embracing the youth justice reforms in the United Kingdom in 1998, the potential for integrating education into offending behaviour work through the new ... More


Offender Rehabilitation and Reentry During Emerging Adulthood: A Review of and Introduction of a New Approach

Michael Rocque, Agnieszka Serwik, and Judy Plummer-Beale

in Flourishing in Emerging Adulthood: Positive Development During the Third Decade of Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190260637
eISBN:
9780190672737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260637.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The criminal justice system has long been delineated along juvenile and adult lines. The ostensible rationale for this separation was that juveniles are developmentally distinct from adults; they ... More


Justice for Girls?: Stability and Change in the Youth Justice Systems of the United States and Canada

Jane B. Sprott and Anthony N. Doob

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226770048
eISBN:
9780226770062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770062.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

For over a century, as women have fought for and won greater freedoms, concern over an epidemic of female criminality, especially among young women, has followed. Fear of this crime wave — despite a ... More


The cost of custody: whose responsibility?

Rob Allen

in Children and young people in custody: Managing the risk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422613
eISBN:
9781447301752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The government changes of 2007, which restored to the department responsible for children's welfare a share in responsibility for youth justice in the United Kingdom, has reopened an important set of ... More


Young people and violence: balancing public protection with meeting needs

Gwyneth Boswell

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

In recent years, there have been political talks on the need to rebalance the criminal justice system in favour of the victims of crime. This ethos was reflected in the White Paper Justice for all ... More


Conclusions

Rob Allen

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This concluding chapter summarises the important policy questions on three overlapping areas: the prevention of serious violent crime by early intervention with children at risk; the assessment of ... More


Capturing Age Cohorts

Stephen Fineman

in Organizing Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578047
eISBN:
9780191806704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578047.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines age cohorts and their implications for organisations and members. It first considers young offenders and the institutional context of juvenile justice, with particular emphasis ... More


Paternalism and the Social Control of Adolescent Girls: Juvenile Justice Reform in Canada

in Justice for Girls?: Stability and Change in the Youth Justice Systems of the United States and Canada

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226770048
eISBN:
9780226770062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770062.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In 1894, the federal government of Canada legislated its first separate juvenile court. In the latter part of the nineteenth century, separate courts were beginning to be developed in the country. ... More


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