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Insidious Killers

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the fungal diseases (or mycoses) of humans. Topics covered include benign infections of the skin, hair, and nails caused by fungi called dermatophytes; Madurella mycetomatis, ... More


Metamorphosis

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses fungus that infects insects. The Cordyceps fungus, for instance, is capable of piercing the chitinous exoskeleton of insects. Although Cordyceps poses no threat to humans, its ... More


On Mass and Movement: The Theory of the Critical Yeast

John Paul Lederach

in The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174540
eISBN:
9780199835409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174542.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses critical mass and social movements. It argues that critical mass is understood as a strategy for making things happen by mobilizing large numbers to effect a desired change. ... More


Organelle Genetics: Yeast and Chlamydomonas

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the origins of yeast mitochondrial work. It then discusses the development of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a model organism. It also shows how early work on ... More


Yeast Becomes a Supermodel

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on how yeast became the prime focus of eukaryotic molecular biology after 1975. It summarizes some of the major studies in yeast biology. It shows how progress in disentangling ... More


Making the most of umami

Ole G. Mouritsen, Klavs Styrbæk, and Jonas Drotner Mouritsen

in Umami: Unlocking the Secrets of the Fifth Taste

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168908
eISBN:
9780231537582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168908.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter considers the many different ways to make the most of umami. It first describes some easy tricks for enhancing the taste of foodstuffs that may not be very savory on their own by adding ... More


General Comments

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0026
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Viticulture, it will be recalled, is the art and science of vine-growing and grape-harvesting, and it was the subject of Sections I–IV (Chapters 1–14). Enology, the subject of this Section ... More


Kingsley’s Cataclysmic Method

Adelene Buckland

in Novel Science: Fiction and the Invention of Nineteenth-Century Geology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226079684
eISBN:
9780226923635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923635.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Charles Kingsley had a great deal of interest in geological science. His work provides direct links to the gentleman geologist who had pioneered its “heroic age.” Kingsley secured honorary membership ... More


Comparing genomes

Nico M. van Straalen and Dick Roelofs

in An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199594689
eISBN:
9780191774812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594689.003.0042
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The first part of this chapter gives an overview of the processes that influence dynamics of genome size, genome duplication, and the analysis of gene families using orthologous and paralogous ... More


The Burden of Bread: Bread Before Baking Powder

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter shows how American exceptionalism in food set the groundwork for the baking powder revolution. In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, bread was a staple food in the diet ... More


The Rise of Baking Powder Business: The Northeast, 1856–1876

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In antebellum America, baking powder experimentation moved out of women’s kitchens and into men’s laboratories as chemistry became a serious discipline. In 1856, Eben Horsford, a chemistry professor ... More


Prediction of Protein Function from Networks

Shin Hyunjung and Tsuda Koji

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter describes an algorithm to assign weights to multiple graphs within graph-based semi-supervised learning. Both predicting class labels and searching for weights for combining multiple ... More


Innovate: Old World Pizza Crust with New World Ingredients

Thomas M. Tongue

in The Kitchen as Laboratory: Reflections on the Science of Food and Cooking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153454
eISBN:
9780231526920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153454.003.0029
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter begins with the author's description of his mother's home-made pizza. He recounts the time-consuming process of making the dough for the crust from scratch. He then reviews the essential ... More


Ingredients

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter answers questions regarding the ingredients of vaccines. The CDC estimates that every year, about 200 people suffer severe allergic reactions to substances in vaccines. These substances ... More


The Most Popular Drink of the Day

Andrew F. Smith

in Drinking History: Fifteen Turning Points in the Making of American Beverages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151177
eISBN:
9780231530996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151177.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter traces the historical development of lager brewing in America. In 1840, German immigrant Johann Wagner set sail on a clipper ship bound for America. He carried with him something that ... More


Food for Thought: Enzyme Action

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0034
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Nature makes use of the tools that I have been developing, and does so in the most extraordinary and subtle manner. After all, she has had about four billion years to come up with solutions to ... More


Missing Ingredients

Bernard L. Herman

in A South You Never Ate: Savoring Flavors and Stories from the Eastern Shore of Virginia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653471
eISBN:
9781469653495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653471.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how an African American woman born in 1899 to a black mother and white father, taken by the father's family from her mother, and brought up in a white household, negotiated her ... More


Biological networks

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A discussion of a range of different kinds of biological networks. The chapter starts with a discussion of biochemical networks such metabolic and protein interaction networks and methods for ... More


The Biology of Fungi

Stephanie J. Smith and Rohini J. Manuel

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Fungi are found ubiquitously in the environment such as soil, water, and food. There are an estimated 1.5 million fungal species worldwide, although this number is felt to be grossly underestimated ... More


Molecular Biology for Structural Biology

P. F. Berne and S. Doublié

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The number of published 3D structures has increased exponentially in the last decade and the resulting mass of structural data has contributed significantly to the understanding of mechanisms ... More


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