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Retributivism I: Fair Play Theory

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

A recent attempt to revive retributive theories of punishment, pioneered by Herbert Morris and Jeffrie Murphy, argues that punishment restores the balance of benefits and burdens in a society; a ... More


Introduction

Joshua Gert

in Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This short introductory chapter explains the overall strategy of the book. This is to demystify the domain of normativity not by giving a definition or account of normativity, but by providing an ... More


Motive and Rightness

Steven Sverdlik

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book investigates the deontic relevance of motives. That issue is formulated in this question: can the motive of an action ever be the reason, or part of the reason, that it is morally right or ... More


Justice

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter goes on to discuss justice. It shows how an ethics of care based on our understanding of how empathy operates can deal plausibly with issues of basic rights and liberties and issues of ... More


A New Kind of Reference‐Fixing

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a specific account of the meaning of moral terms based on semi‐Kripkean theory that fixes the reference of right, wrong, and the like in relation to feelings of warmth and chill ... More


How To Derive “Ought” from “Is”

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter seeks to show that our semi‐Kripkean semantics and other forms of metaethical sentimentalism as well (e.g. subjectivism and ideal observer theory) do indeed imply that an “ought” can be ... More


Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Something is amiss with the debate over euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. On the one side were liberals, who thought physician-assisted suicide and perhaps voluntary active euthanasia were ... More


Owing, Justifying, and Rejecting

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This final chapter deals with contractualism and its attempt to generate moral principles by taking seriously the perspectives of individuals rather than by maximizing the goodness of outcomes. It ... More


Killing to Prevent Rape

Fiona Leverick

in Killing in Self-Defence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199283460
eISBN:
9780191712654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283460.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter is the second of two chapters dealing with the issue of proportionality in self-defence. It examines the issue of whether or not it is ever permissible to kill to prevent rape. The ... More


Propriety and Truth: (1) Preliminary History

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives a proposal to consider more fully a view that there is some special analogy or even identity between wrongness in action and falsehood or self-contradiction in theory. The concepts ... More


An Argument from Beneficence

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The failure to save someone’s life directly is wrong because it is a failure of beneficence. The features that make it a failure of beneficence are also features of not helping people at a distance: ... More


Killing

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Seeks to understand why killing is normally wrong. It argues that there is no single, unitary explanation of the wrongness of killing. It begins by considering the morality of killing animals and ... More


Utopian Nemesis

Douglas Mao

in Inventions of Nemesis: Utopia, Indignation, and Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691199252
eISBN:
9780691211640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199252.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter shows that it is possible to dignify outrage at wrongness in human arrangements with a particular name, nemesis. Nemesis is an ancient Greek word whose meanings evolved in complicated ... More


On the General Part in Criminal Law

A. P. SIMESTER and STEPHEN SHUTE

in Criminal Law Theory: Doctrines of the General Part

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243495
eISBN:
9780191714177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243495.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Doctrines of criminalisation, such as the harm principle, rightly belong in the general part of the criminal law. The main reason why this truth may seem odd is that the general part is often thought ... More


Treating Humanity as an End

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Another version of Kant's Categorical Imperative is the Formula of Humanity. This is investigated with regard to its treatment of the deontic relevance of motives. The portion of the formula ... More


Doing the Right Thing from Malice

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The deontic relevance of motives in virtue ethics is examined. Various types of virtue ethics are distinguished. Only some of them endorse the usage of the deontic concepts of obligation, wrongness, ... More


Four Questions about the Objectivity of Law

Andrei Marmor

in Positive Law and Objective Values

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268970
eISBN:
9780191713187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268970.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines four different questions about the objectivity of law. First, are there objective criteria about the identification of law? Second, can particular laws show objective rightness ... More


Ways to be Blameworthy: Rightness, Wrongness, and Responsibility

Elinor Mason

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198833604
eISBN:
9780191872037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833604.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the relationship between our deontic notions, rightness and wrongness, and our responsibility notions, praise- and blameworthiness. The book presents a pluralistic view of both our ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 11

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192856913
eISBN:
9780191947698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192856913.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This series aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new chapters that contribute to an understanding of ... More


Constructivism and Evil

Peri Roberts

in Evil in Contemporary Political Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641963
eISBN:
9780748652860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641963.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that a notion of evil represents a necessary limiting conception for a defensible politics. Much of contemporary liberal theory is constructivist in a way that is usually taken to ... More


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