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Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Jagdish Bhagwati

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book shines a critical light on preferential trade agreements (PTAs), revealing how the rapid spread of PTAs endangers the world trading system. Numbering by now well over 300, and rapidly ... More


The Multilateral Trading System

Sylvia Ostry

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main changes in the multilateral world‐trading system since and including the GATT Uruguay Round in 1994 are summarized, and the most urgent reforms needed to keep the system going are ... More


Institutional Friction in the Doha Development Round

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Although the WTO continued what the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has started, WTO differed from GATT in the following features: the single undertaking in negotiated multilateral ... More


Conclusion: The Gains from Trade and the Global Commons

Kent Jones

in Who's Afraid of the WTO?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195166163
eISBN:
9780199849819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166163.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concludes by summarizing the case for a focused WTO dedicated to trade liberalization, with recommendations for improving the world trading system and rejuvenating the political coalition ... More


Why PTAs Are a Pox on the World Trading System

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The worries over preferential trade agreements (PTAs) have increased dramatically in the past two decades as PTAs have proliferated. This chapter discusses the consequences of complexity of the ... More


Why Has the Pandemic Broken Out?

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

It is important to first understand that few lay people and policy makers can appreciate the critical difference between preferential trade agreements (PTAs) and genuine multilateral, ... More


The Constitutionalization of the World Trade Organization: Legitimacy, Democracy, and Community in the International Trading System

Deborah Z. Cass

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199285846
eISBN:
9780191713798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285846.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

This is a book about the constitutionalization of the World Trade Organization, and the contemporary development of institutional forms and democratic ideas associated with constitutionalism within ... More


Stopping Trade in Conflict Diamonds: Exploring the Trade and Human Rights Interface with the WTO Waiver for the Kimberley Process

Krista Nadakavukaren Schefer

in Human Rights and International Trade

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199285822
eISBN:
9780191700378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285822.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the use of the WTO waiver as an instrument for reconciling human rights protection with the international law of the world trade system. The specific context of the waiver for ... More


WTO Negotiators and Academics Analyse the Doha Development Round of the WTO: Overview and Summary of the Book

Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book examines some of the defects and needs for reform in the current world trading system, which focuses on the World Trade Organization (WTO). The subtitle of this book — Legitimacy, ... More


Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Ian W. McLean

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is the first comprehensive account of how Australia attained the world's highest living standards within a few decades of European settlement, and how the nation has sustained an enviable ... More


The Institutional Complex of Trade and Environment: Toward an Interlocking Governance Structure and a Division of Labor

Thomas Gehring

in Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015912
eISBN:
9780262298346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015912.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Trade and the environment’s institutional dynamics are the main focus of the chapter. The chapter discusses the multilateral environmental agreements’ (MEAs) relationship with the world trade system ... More


Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

James Harrison

Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The 1994 agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO) regulates over 95% of world trade amongst 148 member countries. The November 2001 Declaration of the Fourth Ministerial Conference ... More


Government Procurement in US Trade Agreements

Gary Hufbauer and Tyler Moran

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The United States has played an essential role in driving the agenda for the world trading system since World War II. An important component of that agenda has been the liberalization of government ... More


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