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Size and Politics

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The cube root law of assembly sizes applies to first or only chambers. It says that assembly size is approximately the cube root of the country's population, because this size minimizes the workload ... More


Beyond the Rotating Presidency

Adriaan Schout

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

All of the presidents of the Council of Ministers have left their mark, in areas ranging from EU agenda-setting to securing agreement after technical negotiations. Partly because their duties are ... More


Employment Contracts, Psychological Contracts, and Employee Well-Being: An International Study

David E. Guest, Kerstin Isaksson, and Hans De Witte (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542697
eISBN:
9780191715389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542697.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

Temporary employment has become a focus of policy debate, theory, and research. This book addresses the relationship between temporary employment contracts and employee well-being. It does so within ... More


The European Patent System at the Crossroad

Dominique Guellec and Bruno van Pottelsberghe

in The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216987
eISBN:
9780191711831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216987.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As the role of patents has become central in the knowledge economy, there is evidence that the current institutional and legal setting is unable to cope with the corresponding challenges. This ... More


Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Raja Parasuraman and Matthew Rizzo (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroergonomics can be defined as the study of brain and behavior at work. It combines two disciplines: neuroscience, the study of brain structure and function; and ergonomics, the study of how to ... More


Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) in Neuroergonomics

Shimin Fu and Raja Parasuraman

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes how event-related potentials (ERPs) can be recorded and analyzed, and discusses research on a number of ERP components, focusing on those that are particularly relevant to ... More


KEEPING IT GOING: Team Maintenance

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

While those individuals who join trauma response teams come with many skills and strengths, generally they are new to this type of work. But in the course of providing mental health and peer support ... More


Cerebral Hemodynamics and Vigilance

Joel S. Warm and Raja Parasuraman

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes a series of recent neuroergonomic studies on vigilance, focusing on the use of noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow velocity. It uses a theoretical framework of ... More


Adaptive Automation

Mark W. Scerbo

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on adaptive automation, which seeks to address some of the shortcomings of traditional automation. In adaptive automation, the level of automation or the number of systems ... More


Criticism and Decline

Thomas A. Robinson and Lanette D. Ruff

in Out of the Mouths of Babes: Girl Evangelists in the Flapper Era

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199790876
eISBN:
9780199919192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790876.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As the number of girl evangelists increased and more attention came their way, some criticism developed. The more liberal religious press condemned girl evangelists often because they did not like ... More


The Instrumental Frame: Will Prosecution Have an Impact?

Keith Hawkins

in Law as Last Resort: Prosecution Decision-Making in a Regulatory Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243891
eISBN:
9780191714184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243891.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores the conditions under which the beliefs held by regulatory inspectors about the possible instrumental impact of prosecution enter prosecution decision-making. Inspectors find it ... More


Feeling Flexibility

Zoe Young

in Women's Work: How Mothers Manage Flexible Working in Careers and Family Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781529202021
eISBN:
9781529202052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202021.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter explores the hitherto underexplored affective dimensions of the lived experience of ‘doing’ flexible work arrangements for mothers in professional and managerial jobs. It focuses on the ... More


Lessons from Defining Theories of Stress for Cognitive Architectures

Frank E. Ritter, Andrew L. Reifers, Laura Cousino Klein, and Michael J. Schoelles

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter describes a range of theories of how cognition is influenced by stress. It uses a cognitive architecture, ACT-R (adaptive control of thought-rational), to represent these theories ... More


Moving forward: understanding the negative experiences and impacts of patient and public involvement in health service planning, development and evaluation

Sophie Staniszewska, Carole Mockford, Andy Gibson, Sandy Herron-Marx, and Rebecca Putz

in Critical Perspectives on User Involvement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847427519
eISBN:
9781447305590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427519.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Health and social care services across the UK are committed to involving users in the planning and development of their services. Involvement has taken various forms and its success depends on many ... More


Airspace Sectoring by Evolutionary Computation

Daniel Delahaye

in Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135688
eISBN:
9780197561621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135688.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

When joining two airports, aircraft must follow routes and beacons; these beacons are necessary for pilots to know their position during navigation and ... More


Cognitive Issues in Virtual Reality

Christopher D. Wickens and Polly Baker

in Virtual Environments and Advanced Interface Design

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195075557
eISBN:
9780197560310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195075557.003.0024
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

Virtual reality involves the creation of multisensory experience of an environment (its space and events) through artificial, electronic means; but that ... More


The Rule of Law: The Lessons of Due Process

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Good decisions come from good law. For government agencies, that means due process: good regulations and good procedures. The IRB regulations address so few issues that IRBs are relegated to ... More


Barriers to participation

Carmel Halton, Fred Powell, and Margaret Scanlon

in Continuing professional development in social work

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447307372
eISBN:
9781447311621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447307372.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

In this chapter the authors discuss barriers to participation in CPD, based on a national study of social workers in Ireland. In line with previous research, the findings suggest that heavy ... More


Preparing the Online Classroom

Bethanie L. Hansen

in Teaching Music Appreciation Online

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190698379
eISBN:
9780190069117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698379.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In the fourth section, Preparing, Teaching, and Ending the Course, readers will be guided through all aspects of online teaching chronologically, from preparing the classroom prior to the first day ... More


Teaching Multiple Courses or at Multiple Institutions

Bethanie L. Hansen

in Teaching Music Appreciation Online

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190698379
eISBN:
9780190069117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698379.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter speaks to faculty who teach multiple courses or at multiple institutions to address workload and time management challenges. When time demands escalate or expectations differ, ... More


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