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A New Gender Contract

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Why We Need a New Welfare State

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256433
eISBN:
9780191599170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256438.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses two closely woven issues: that of harmonizing (making compatible) the dual aims of careers and motherhood that most European women now pursue; and that of achieving full gender ... More


Deserving Mothers: Day Care as Welfare

Elizabeth Rose

in A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890–1960

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111125
eISBN:
9780199854295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111125.003.0004
Subject:
History, Family History

The case of Leah Nadel is a good example for showing some of the ways the day nurseries operated as a charity during the 1910s and 1920s. Even though she received charity from day nurseries, Leah ... More


Can Women Have Careers and Babies Too?

Mary Ann Mason

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The increasing participation of women in the labor force has created new strains in the realm of childrearing, as young mothers seek to balance the demands of work and family life. While these ... More


Using Day Nurseries

Elizabeth Rose

in A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890–1960

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111125
eISBN:
9780199854295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111125.003.0003
Subject:
History, Family History

Initially day care centers, which were called day nurseries during the 1890s, were only popular among jobless mothers. However, even then there were conflicting views about day nurseries: some ... More


Creating a Patchwork Approach to Child Care in the 1970s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As more mothers entered the paid workforce, and as the women's movement mobilized, members of Congress proposed building a nationwide system of universally available child care services. Although the ... More


Day Care and Depression

Elizabeth Rose

in A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890–1960

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111125
eISBN:
9780199854295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111125.003.0006
Subject:
History, Family History

In the past (1890s to 1920s), working mothers were viewed as “evil”. After 1930 however, changes made in both women's wage work and social welfare began to challenge these assumptions, gradually ... More


The Changing Portrait of the American Family

Duncan Lindsey

in The Welfare of Children

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136715
eISBN:
9780199894079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136715.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter examines how the child welfare system has adapted to the changing conditions of American families. After World War II mothers began a long steady entry back into the labor force that ... More


Workplace Flexibility Options

Jocelyn Elise Crowley

in Mothers Unite!: Organizing for Workplace Flexibility and the Transformation of Family Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451751
eISBN:
9780801467455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451751.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explains workplace flexibility as a unifying concept for bringing all mothers together. Exploring across groups and the work-for-pay/stay-at-home dichotomy, it addresses the question of ... More


Mother-Employers: Blanket Accountability at Home and at Work

Cameron Lynne Macdonald

in Shadow Mothers: Nannies, Au Pairs, and the Micropolitics of Mothering

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222328
eISBN:
9780520947818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222328.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines the contradictory forces shaping the lives of working mothers or employers of nannies. The findings suggest that working mothers experience what is called blanket accountability ... More


Our Bodies, Our Nature: Breastfeeding, the Environment, and Feminism

Jessica L. Martucci

in Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the intersections between the breastfeeding movement, environmentalism, and second-wave feminism from the 1950s through the 1980s. Concern over environmental toxins was one of ... More


Maternal Labor, Breast-Feeding, and Infant Health

SUSANHA YIMYAM and MARTHA MORROW

in Global Inequalities at Work: Work's Impact on the Health of Individuals, Families, and Societies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150865
eISBN:
9780199865222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150865.003.005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Reconciling the rights and demands of women's productive and reproductive roles poses an increasing challenge to policy formulation. This chapter reviews existing evidence on the benefits of ... More


Balancing work and family life: mothers’ views

Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Kathryn Backett-Milburn, and Debbie Kemmer

in Families in society: Boundaries and relationships

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346438
eISBN:
9781447302292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346438.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter presents data drawn from interviews with lone and partnered mothers in non-professional, non-managerial occupations. This project was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation as part of ... More


Do Mommy War Attitudes Prevent Organizing?

Jocelyn Elise Crowley

in Mothers Unite!: Organizing for Workplace Flexibility and the Transformation of Family Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451751
eISBN:
9780801467455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451751.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter discusses whether the supposedly deeply held divisions between stay-at-home mothers and working mothers exist. The media has repeatedly highlighted such divisions under the label “the ... More


Infant Feeding Practices: Rates, Risks of Not Breastfeeding, and Factors Influencing Breastfeeding

Zaharah Sulaiman, Lisa H. Amir, and Pranee Liamputtong

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In the past, feeding newborn mammals with breast milk was never a choice but rather a natural way of feeding. Without the influence of culture and beliefs, babies would naturally continue to ... More


Well-mothered daughters?

Jill Armstrong

in Like Mother, Like Daughter?: How Career Women Influence Their Daughters' Ambition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447334088
eISBN:
9781447334132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334088.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines how the daughters felt about having grown up with a mother mainly working full-time or close to full-time hours. In most cases the daughters felt well mothered. The daughters ... More


The worklessness legacy: Do working mothers make a difference?

Gabriella Berloffa, Eleonora Matteazzi, and Paola Villa

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines how intergenerational transmission of worklessness varies according to the gender of parents and their children in 26 European countries. The analysis draws on EU-SILC 2011 ... More


The Evolution of Family Policy in the United States after World War II

Barry L. Friedman and Martin Rein

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Families have changed substantially over the last half-century in the United States, and family policy has evolved in response. Many kinds of policies have emerged over the years that affect ... More


Career choice: like mother, like daughter

Jill Armstrong

in Like Mother, Like Daughter?: How Career Women Influence Their Daughters' Ambition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447334088
eISBN:
9781447334132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334088.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter demonstrates that mothers in high-status career roles are, in most cases, the primary influence over their daughters' career expectations. The mothers with careers in the study often ... More


Family leave and employment in the EU: transition of working mothers in and out of employment

Anita Haataja

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346049
eISBN:
9781447301592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter discusses the problems of producing and presenting the employment status of those parents who take advantage of any kind of statutory family leave. It also describes the way in which ... More


Women's Economic Status and Fertility: Japan in Cross-National Perspective

Sawako Shirahase

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the downward trend in the fertility rate, and provides an overview of recent studies on married women's labor force participation. Second, it considers mothers' working ... More


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