Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 205 items

  • Keywords: working memory x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Working Memory in Infancy and Early Childhood: What Develops?

Maureen Hoskyn

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The influence of social communicative activities on the emergence of working memory capacity in infants and young children is not well understood. On one hand, working memory capacity is thought to ... More


Memory and the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data on amnesia in humans and other animals. It argues that hippocampal ‘amnesia’ does not result from changes in a particular type of memory and does not depend primarily on ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory and Aging

Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz and Ching-Yune C. Sylvester

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews current knowledge about the effects of normal aging on working memory and its neural underpinnings. It begins with a general overview of working memory, how it is measured by ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Visual Memory: A Neurocomputational Perspective

Gustavo Deco and Edmund T. Rolls

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies have shown that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in at least some types of working memory functions. Neurodynamics helps us understand the underlying mechanisms that implement the ... More


Musical Expression, Memory, and the Brain

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the issue of musical sensibility as an instinct as well as the cognitive and neural capabilities that underlie musical expression, including diverse forms of memory. In ... More


Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


Memory activation and attentional focusing

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

There have been wide-spread disagreements about the nature of short-term memory. What distinguishes it from long-term memory? Is the information in short-term memory forgotten as a function of time ... More


The Organization of Working Memory Function in Lateral Prefrontal Cortex: Evidence from Event-Related Functional MRI

Mark D'Esposito and Bradley R. Postile

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the methods, data, and interpretation of delay-specific activity in human prefrontal cortex (PFC). After reviewing important neuroimaging methods, it assesses two influential ... More


The Frontal Cortex and Working with Memory

Morris Moscovitch and Gordon Winocur

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on studies from animal and human-based research that reflect a general approach and provide converging evidence in support of the working-with-memory (WWM) model. It suggests ... More


Contributions of Mesocorticolimbic Dopamine to Cognition and Executive Function

Stan B. Floresco

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents a summary of studies that have investigated the contribution of prefrontal cortex (PFC) dopamine (DA) transmission to higher-order cognition, and compares and contrasts the ... More


Implications for Processing

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter goes further toward a rapprochement of theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics. It concerns itself with the job of the language processor: how stored pieces are used online to ... More


The Origin of Broca’s Area and Its Connections from an Ancestral Working Memory Network

Francisco Aboitiz, Ricardo García, Enzo Brunetti, and Conrado Bosman

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides an updated version of the theory that language networks emerged as a specialization of temporoparietal-prefrontal networks involved in cognitive processes that require sustained ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory has been one of the most intensively studied systems in cognitive psychology. It is only relatively recently however that researchers have been able to study the neural processes which ... More


Actual versus “virtual” short-term memory phenomena

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In computer jargon, virtual memory is the use of a specially-designated portion of long-term memory to hold information that needs to be retrieved quickly. This chapter considers that the same type ... More


Working memory: the seat of learning and comprehension

Nelson Cowan

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0035
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the limitations of working memory and means to overcome them, with emphasis on the developmental changes from the early elementary school years through adulthood. It proposes ... More


Working Memory and Learning During the School Years: Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Lecture

Susan E. Gathercole

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 125, 2003 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263242
eISBN:
9780191734014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263242.003.0014
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the concept of working memory, which is the capacity to hold material in mind and to manipulate it for brief periods of time. It reveals that there is enough evidence that ... More


The African Interregnum, Part I: Good Rituals Make Good Friends

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 4 focuses on a period of time referred to as the “African Interregnum”—from roughly 100,000 to 60,000 years before present (ybp)—during which our ancestors underwent a dramatic social and ... More


Memory

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the four types of memory and the brain mechanisms that are important in storing them. These are working memory, declarative memory, procedural memory, and semantic memory. ... More


Recursion, phonological storage capacity, and the evolution of modern speech

Frederick L. Coolidge and Thomas Wynn

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Recursion is considered to be the hallmark of modern language. This chapter addresses fundamental questions about its evolutionary emergence: ‘What is the relationship of recursion to modern language ... More


Functional Architecture of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Monkeys and Humans

Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic and Hoi-Chung Leung

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that findings from neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are essential for a comprehensive understanding of the structure of executive ... More


View: