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Reduction of Working Time and Employment

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the theoretical underpinnings of the effects of work-sharing on employment. The analysis proceeds as follows: Section 4.2 is devoted to an analysis of labour demand when the ... More


The Two French Work‐Sharing Experiments: Employment and Productivity Effects

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines workweek reductions experiments in France. Using the 1982 workweek reduction, it is shown that work-sharing policies, per se, do not work. Put differently, they are not apt to ... More


Unions, Working Hours, and Absence: Sweden

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the impact of unions and working-time reductions in Sweden. It is shown that strong unions do not necessarily mean short weekly working hours and, specifically, strong unions do ... More


General Conclusion

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. It is argued that in no country that engaged in ‘straight’ work-sharing (i.e., decreasing the workweek from, ... More


The Underpinnings, Precursors, and Development of the NIRA

Jason E. Taylor

in Deconstructing the Monolith: The Microeconomics of the National Industrial Recovery Act

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226603308
eISBN:
9780226603445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226603445.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The policies put forth during the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 seem puzzling today. Why did the Roosevelt administration employ a combination of higher wage rates, shorter hours, and ... More


Time’s Up! Shorter Hours, Public Policy, and Time Flexibility as an Antidote to Youth Unemployment

Katherine Eva Maich, Jamie K. McCallum, and Ari Grant-Sasson

in Youth, Jobs, and the Future: Problems and Prospects

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190685898
eISBN:
9780190685935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685898.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Economic Sociology

This chapter explores the relationship between hours of work and unemployment. When it comes to time spent working in the United States at present, two problems immediately come to light. First, an ... More


The Role of Government in Ensuring Employment Security and Job Security

Heather Boushey

in Shared Responsibility, Shared Risk: Government, Markets and Social Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199781911
eISBN:
9780190252519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781911.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of the federal government in promoting job security by ensuring that the economy is at full employment. It begins by providing a historical overview of the government's ... More


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