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Labor: Quality

R. C. O. Matthews, C. H. Feinstein, and J. C. Odling‐Smee

in British Economic Growth 1856-1973: The Post-War Period in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284536
eISBN:
9780191596629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284535.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Rough estimates suggest that improvements in the quality of the labour force had a bigger quantitative impact on quality‐adjusted labour input than the increase in man‐hours. A steady small ... More


The End of Standard Working Time?

Huw Beynon, Damian Grimshaw, Jill Rubery, and Kevin Ward

in Managing Employment Change: The New Realities of Work

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248698
eISBN:
9780191697760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248698.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the significant and ongoing changes taking place in the way time is organized in large organizations. There is clear indication from management that working-time changes were ... More


Job Control, Work Intensity, and Work Stress

Gallie Duncan and Zhou Ying

in Economic Crisis, Quality of Work, and Social Integration: The European Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664719
eISBN:
9780191765209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664719.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The chapter examines the economic crisis has led to changes in the intrinsic quality of work, focusing on job control, work intensity and work stress. The interaction between job control and work ... More


Drawing Together the Threads: A Question of Labour Costs and Work Intensification

Huw Beynon, Damian Grimshaw, Jill Rubery, and Kevin Ward

in Managing Employment Change: The New Realities of Work

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248698
eISBN:
9780191697760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248698.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter argues that the different employment practices and policies can be interpreted as a function of two interrelated factors: wage labour costs and work intensity. In this way, the separate ... More


Mapping At-Risk-of-Poverty Rates, Household Employment, and Social Spending

Frank Vandenbroucke and Ron Diris

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

As a first step stylized facts are presented concerning at-risk-of-poverty rates for the non-elderly population, household employment (a concept introduced in this chapter) and social spending in ... More


Individual Employment, Household Employment, and Risk of Poverty in the European Union. A Decomposition Analysis

Vincent Corluy and Frank Vandenbroucke

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter investigates the relationship between poverty trends and employment, proceeding in two steps. The first step explores the link between individual employment and household employment. A ... More


Social Redistribution, Poverty, and the Adequacy of Social Protection

Bea Cantillon, Natascha Van Mechelen, Olivier Pintelon, and Aaron Van den Heede

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Social protection systems traditionally serve a dual purpose: to maintain acquired living standards in the event of social risks and to combat poverty by guaranteeing adequate minimum incomes. More ... More


Unequal Britain at Work

Alan Felstead, Duncan Gallie, and Francis Green (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

The book provides the first systematic assessment of trends in inequality in job quality in Britain over recent decades. It assesses the pattern of change drawing on the nationally representative ... More


Gender Differences in Job Quality

Joanne Lindley

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

Since 1997 the UK conditional gender pay gap has fallen by around 7 per cent. This is largely due to a closing of the within-occupational gender pay gap, but is also partly due to occupational ... More


Class Inequality at Work: Trends to Polarization?

Duncan Gallie

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

The chapter examines whether there has been a change in the pattern of class differentials in the quality of work from 1986 to 2012. It assesses the trends using the Skills and Employment Surveys. It ... More


The Inequality of Job Quality

Francis Green, Alan Felstead, and Duncan Gallie

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

There are contrasting views about how the average level and the dispersion of job quality have evolved in modern capitalism. Against the backdrop of political and economic change, this chapter tracks ... More


Recession, Recovery, and Regime Change: Effects on Child Poverty in Hungary

András Gábos and István György Tóth

in Children of Austerity: Impact of the Great Recession on Child Poverty in Rich Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198797968
eISBN:
9780191839276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797968.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

Despite high spending on family benefits and the high poverty reduction effectiveness of cash benefits, the risk of child poverty in Hungary have been higher than the EU average since the early 1990s ... More


Unions and Job Quality

Alex Bryson and Francis Green

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

This chapter examines the implications for job quality of Britain’s transformation in industrial relations over recent decades. The changing balance of power leads to the expectation that unions’ ... More


Effects of Relative Cohort Size on Inequality and the Overall Structure of Wages

Diane J. Macunovich

in Birth Quake: The Baby Boom and Its Aftershocks

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500836
eISBN:
9780226500928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500928.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter analyzes the wages at all age levels throughout the workforce. It tries to identify whether the age structure of the population has had a significant effect on the primary dimensions of ... More


Employment and Poverty Dynamics Before, During, and After the Crisis

András Gábos, Réka Branyiczki, Barbara Binder, and István György Tóth

in Decent Incomes for All: Improving Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190849696
eISBN:
9780190849726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849696.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

This chapter investigates how changes in employment and poverty relate to each other across the European Union’s Member States. Large employment volatility was accompanied by sizable changes in ... More


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