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Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


Food Needs and Work Capacity

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food needs are discussed in relation to work capacity in eight sections: (1) complementarities among nutrients; (2) nutrition and infection; (3) energy conservation; (4) energy requirements, ... More


Age and Working Capacity

Pekka Ilmakunnas, Jan van Ours, Vegard Skirbekk, and Matthias Weiss

in Ageing, Health, and Productivity: The Economics of Increased Life Expectancy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587131
eISBN:
9780191595370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587131.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines how the subjective assessment of work capacity is related to age using the Finnish Quality of Working Life Survey (QWLS) from the year 2003. The results provide clear evidence ... More


Evolving Concepts of Working Memory

John T.E. Richardson

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the evolution of the concept of working memory. It explains that the expression of working memory was first used in the book Plans and the Structure of Behavior, which is widely ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

David A. Wise (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This is the seventh phase of an ongoing project on international social security which compares twelve developed countries’ experiences and uses differences in their retirement program provisions to ... More


Working Memory and Retrieval: An Inhibition-Resource Approach

Randall W. Engle

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines an inhibition-resource approach in the analysis of working memory and information retrieval. It considers issues relevant in explaining individual difference in working-memory ... More


The ins and outs of working memory: Dynamic processes associated with focus switching and search

Paul Verhaeghen, John Cerella, Chandramallika Basak, Kara Bopp, Yanmin Zhang, and William J. Hoyer

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter points to evidence from task-switching paradigms that a single flexible attentional resource may place limitations on working memory capacity. This limitation may vary up to a maximum of ... More


Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages: Evidence from Canada

Kevin Milligan and Tammy Schirle

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this study we are concerned with measuring older individuals’ health capacity for work in Canada. As health improves and people live longer, to what extent are they able to work more? Of course, ... More


Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages in Denmark

Paul Bingley, Nabanita Datta Gupta, and Peder J. Pedersen

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Longevity is increasing and many people are spending a greater proportion of their lives reliant on pensions to support consumption. In response to this, several countries have mandated delays to age ... More


Introduction

Courtney Coile, Kevin Milligan, and David A. Wise

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This is the introduction to the seventh phase of the international social security project. The project compares the experiences of twelve developed countries and uses differences in their retirement ... More


Work Capacity and Longer Working Lives in Belgium

Alain Jousten and Mathieu Lefebvre

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226442877
eISBN:
9780226442907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226442907.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Previous waves of this project studied the effect of financial incentives created by formal and de facto (early) retirement programs on an individual’s decision to retire, the fiscal impact of such ... More


Older Men’s Labor Force Participation in Belgium

Alain Jousten and Mathieu Lefebvre

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Working Longer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226619293
eISBN:
9780226619323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619323.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Belgian labor market has undergone profound changes, particularly for those over 50. There has been a steady increase in labor force participation for women since the early 1980s, but a decline ... More


Working Memory and Expertise: An Ecological Perspective

David Z. Hambrick, Alexander P. Burgoyne, and Duarte Araujo

in Working Memory: The state of the science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198842286
eISBN:
9780191878282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842286.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The question of what individual differences in working memory capacity reflect has been a topic of intensive interest in research for several decades. This research has shed light on mechanisms ... More


Trends in Labor Force Participation of Older Workers in Spain

Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall Castelló

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Working Longer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226619293
eISBN:
9780226619323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619323.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Similar to other OECD countries, labor force participation rates of Spanish older workers were falling until the mid-1990s when there was a reversal in the trend. Labor force participation rates of ... More


On distinguishing formal syntactic constraints from processing constraints

Elaine J. Francis

in Gradient Acceptability and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192898944
eISBN:
9780191925436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192898944.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 4 explores ongoing debates in experimental syntax regarding the distinction between syntactic and processing-based effects on acceptability. Several types of arguments have figured ... More


The Expert Cognition Model in Human Evolutionary Studies

Thomas Wynn, Miriam Haidle, Marlize Lombard, and Frederick L. Coolidge

in Cognitive Models in Palaeolithic Archaeology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190204112
eISBN:
9780190204136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204112.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the authors argue that technical cognition can best be understood as a variety of expert performance, or expertise. Expert performances are grounded in a cognitive system in which ... More


Training Working Memory for 100 Days: The COGITO Study

Florian Schmiedek, Martin Lövdén, and Ulman Lindenberger

in Cognitive and Working Memory Training: Perspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199974467
eISBN:
9780190076177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter is based on a theoretical framework for the study of adult cognitive plasticity and on empirical findings from the COGITO Study. The design and analyses of the study include key features ... More


Needs for Food: Are We Asking Too Much?

J. C. Waterlow

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113129
eISBN:
9780197561119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113129.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

The Royal Society has in recent years taken a great interest in the growth of the world’s population and has been represented at the two big international congresses on this subject, in Delhi and ... More


The Economies of Food

Partha Dasgupta

in Feeding a World Population of More Than Eight Billion People: A Challenge to Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113129
eISBN:
9780197561119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113129.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

People expressing concern about the environmental resource basis of human life often take a global, futuristic view (see, e.g., Kennedy, 1993). They emphasize the deleterious effects that growing ... More


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