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Pursuing Meaning

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book examines some recent answers to the questions of how and where to draw the divide between semantics (roughly, features of the literal meaning of linguistic items) and pragmatics (roughly, ... More


Introduction

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of the book, which is to defend semantic realism against Kripke's sceptical attack. According to the semantic realist, to understand ... More


Word Meaning

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines word meaning in terms of speaker meaning and expression. The definition is recursive: in the basic case, individual words and idioms have meaning because of what they are ... More


Sentence meaning and lexical meaning

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

A new definition is given of sign, sentence meaning, and word meaning. The qualia problem is discussed and all lexical words are considered predicates. A way out is shown for the problem of the ... More


How Words Capture Visual Experience: The Perspective from Cognitive Neuroscience

David Kemmerer

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter demonstrates how recent discoveries in cognitive neuroscience can help illuminate the nature of word meaning. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section presents the basic ... More


The Methodological Argument Against Minimal Word Meanings

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the methodological argument against minimal word meanings: namely the claim that any such word meanings are inadequate to carry what is called the ‘internalist’ or ... More


Theories of Lexical Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198700302
eISBN:
9780191706288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Theories of Lexical Semantics offers a comprehensive overview of the major traditions of word meaning research in linguistics. In spite of the growing importance of the lexicon in ... More


Word meaning in LCCM Theory

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter reviews a number of perspectives on word meaning which acknowledge the variability in word meaning described in previous chapters. One of the main difficulties with all of the ... More


Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure

Eva Feder Kittay

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242468
eISBN:
9780191680472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book provides a philosophical theory explicating the cognitive contribution of metaphor. Metaphor effects a transference of meaning, not between two terms, but between two structured domains of ... More


The Social Dimension of Meaning

Bhargava Rajeev

in Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242796
eISBN:
9780191680564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242796.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the nature of word-meaning. During the course of the discussion, four very important questions arise. The first question is about the true definition of word-meanings, the ... More


Alternative Approaches: A Critique

EVA FEDER KITTAY

in Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242468
eISBN:
9780191680472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter critically examines some alternative approaches which involve theories of interpretation as well as the inadequacies of the theories of metaphor which are based on the major ... More


Semantic Field Theory

EVA FEDER KITTAY

in Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242468
eISBN:
9780191680472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes semantic field theory and gives valid points for argument for its inclusion within a complete semantics of natural language. Semantic field theory develops, historically and ... More


What is a Theory of Content?

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the content of propositional attitudes. It also examines conceptual content and informational content. A reduction of the concepts of content must meet the condition of ... More


Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The book contains a semantic and metasemantic inquiry into the representation of meaning in linguistic interaction. It offers a new contextualist take on the semantics/pragmatics boundary issue, ... More


Śabda-pramāṇa: Meaning and Knowing

Jonardon Ganeri

in Artha: Meaning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074137
eISBN:
9780199082131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074137.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the different applications of the argument that is designed to defend the existence of public conventions on word meaning. It addresses the extent to which the Nyāya mandates ... More


The Developmental Origins of Meaning for Mental Terms

Derek E. Montgomery

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter asks how children come to understand the meaning of mental terms such as think, know, want, and gonna. It compares two perspectives on word learning—the ostension paradigm and the ... More


Form and content: three illustrations

Keith Stenning

in Seeing Reason: Image and Language in Learning to Think

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507741
eISBN:
9780191687211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507741.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents three cases which serve as vivid illustrations of a cognitive theory about the relationship between form and content. These three cases are as follows: conditional reasoning, ... More


Wiring-up a brain

Gerry T. M. Altmann

in The Ascent of Babel: An Exploration of Language, Mind, and Understanding

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523772
eISBN:
9780191689017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523772.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the wiring of the neurons in the brain and its impact on language skills. It explains that the average adult human brain contains 10 billion or more nerve cells or neurons that ... More


The Domestication of Language: Cultural Evolution and the Uniqueness of the Human Animal

Daniel Cloud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167925
eISBN:
9780231538282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167925.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Language did not evolve only in the distant past. Our shared understanding of the meanings of words is ever-changing, and we make conscious, rational decisions about which words to use and what to ... More


Prototypes and Norms

Patrick Hanks

in Lexical Analysis: Norms and Exploitations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018579
eISBN:
9780262312851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018579.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter explores the relationship between word meanings as events and word meanings as potentials. It also discusses the relationship between meaning potentials and phraseology, and shows how ... More


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