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Neural Coding of Written Words in the Visual Word Form Area

Stanislas Dehaene and Laurent Cohen

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, after a brief consideration of the major computational problems that must be resolved by the visual stages of reading, it reviews the evidence for or ... More


Neural Constraints on a Functional Architecture for Word Recognition

Jonathan Grainger and Phillip Holcomb

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes a functional architecture for word recognition focusing on how orthographic and phonological information cooperate in initial form-based processing of printed word stimuli. ... More


Visual Word Recognition: The First 500 Milliseconds, Recent Insights from Magnetoencephalography

Piers L. Cornelissen, Morten L. Kringelbach, and Peter C. Hansen

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

As with most complex behaviors, visual word recognition is thought to result from the dynamic interplay between the elements of a distributed cortical and subcortical network. To understand fully how ... More


Event-related potentials and language comprehension

Lee Osterhout and Phillip J. Holcomb

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews existing literature on event-related potential (ERP). The first section reviews ERP studies aimed at investigating word-level processes (recognizing isolated words and words in ... More


Features Are Fundamental in Word Recognition

Kristen Pammer

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes a model that suggests that the accurate perception of letters and features is intrinsic to good word recognition skills, and that visual sensitivity may be mediated by a ... More


Functional Neuroanatomy of Reading in Japanese: Language-specific Exploitation of the Visual Word Form System in the Left Occipitotemporal Cortex

Kimihiro Nakamura

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines past neuropsychological and brain imaging data of the Japanese language to shed light on the universal and language-specific aspects of the cerebral reading system. First, it ... More


Reading in alphabetic writing systems: evidence from cognitive neuroscience

Jane Ashby and Keith Rayner

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the behavioural, neurophysiological, and computational evidence relevant for understanding reading. Because readers must recognize printed words in order to comprehend a ... More


Semantic Asymmetries Must Originate in a Visual Asymmetry

Carol Whitney

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter shows how the many asymmetries that have been observed in half-field studies of visual word recognition must originate at a prelexical level. In particular, it uses the Sequential ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Language Comprehension

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

While acknowledging the importance of language dynamics at the time scales of biological evolution, cultural language change, and child development, this chapter focuses primarily on the time scale ... More


The Neural Bases of Reading: Universals and Writing System Variations

Charles Perfetti, Jessica Nelson, Ying Liu, Julie Fiez, and Li-Hai Tan

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter explores the highly contrastive cases of English and Chinese to examine how the neural basis of reading accommodates variability in the structure of languages. The notion of ... More


The Neural Basis of Reading

Piers Cornelissen, Peter Hansen, Morten Kringelbach, and Ken Pugh (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Reading is a unique human skill, and modern societies rely extensively on literacy skills. Reading disability can therefore have a profound personal, economic, and social impact. However, the ... More


Making Sense of Strange Sounds: (Mutual) Intelligibility of Related Language Varieties. A Review

Vincent J. Van Heuven

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter asks two questions, which superficially seem to ask the same thing but in actual fact do not. First, it asks to what degree two languages (or language varieties) A and B resemble each ... More


Font-Specific Memory: More than Meets the Eye?

Stephen D. Goldinger, Azuma Tamiko, Heather M. Kleider, and Virginia M. Holmes

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Viewed from the perspective of psycholinguistics, words are fairly magical entities, representing the psychological level at which twenty-six meaningless letters coalesce into thousands of meaningful ... More


Developing Theories of Priming with an Eye on Function

Jeffrey S. Bowers and Sid Kouider

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter highlights the role that functional considerations can play in improving our understanding of priming. The chapter is organized in four parts. First, it argues that priming is best ... More


Abstractness and Specificity in Spoken Word Recognition: Indexical and Allophonic Variability in Long-Term Repetition Priming

Paul A. Luce, Conor Mclennan, and Jan Charles-Luce

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by drawing distinctions between indexical and allophonic variability and between episodic and abstractionist theories of lexical form. As it argues, evidence for episodic theories ... More


Frequency

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Different elements of a language, be they words, sounds, phrases, or constructions, exhibit characteristic and stable frequencies. All kinds of psycholinguistic tasks show that speakers ‘know’ these ... More


What the Repetition Priming Methodology Reveals about Morphological Aspects of Word Recognition

Laurie Beth Feldman

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes what the long-term repetition priming methodology with lexical decision has revealed about morphological processing. It selectively samples over studies conducted in a variety ... More


Causality in time:: Explaining away the future and the past

David E. Huber

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter puts a specific priming effect in memory under the microscope, from a probabilistic point of view. Priming effects in word recognition and memory have typically been viewed as ... More


Mothers as Teachers at Home

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines evidence from Mexico, Venezuela and Nepal indicating that experience in Western-type schools influences’ women’s maternal behavior in a pedagogical direction, involving verbal ... More


Delving further into the bilingual person

François Grosjean

in A Journey in Languages and Cultures: The Life of a Bicultural Bilingual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198754947
eISBN:
9780191816437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754947.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The author continued his research on language processing in bilinguals and investigated topics such as communication in various language modes, the phonetics of code-switching, the use of gender ... More


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