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Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Richard E. Matland and Kathleen A. Montgomery (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book presents 12 case studies on female legislative representation in new post-communist democracies in Europe. The cases represent a wide range of “pathways” from communist rule. Five rank as ... More


In and Against the Party: Women's Representation and Constituency‐Building In Uganda and South Africa

Anne Marie Goetz and Shireen Hassim

in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256457
eISBN:
9780191601989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256454.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines women’s relationship to political parties and how they gained access to representative institutions in South Africa and Uganda. It is shown that women in South Africa were ready ... More


Women's Representation in Post-Communist Europe

Richard E. Matland

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a synthesis of the findings of the case studies featured in this volume. It begins with an overview of the levels of representation in post-communist European states. It then ... More


Women in Lithuanian Politics: From Nomenklatura Selection to Representation

Algis Krupavičius and Irmina Matonytė

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the changes in women’s representation in Lithuania. Women are expected to make significant inroads in their quest for political power. Although the number of women in political ... More


Electoral Systems and Women's Representation: The Strange Case of Russia

Robert G. Moser

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the representation of women in Russia’s mixed electoral system. Cultural attitudes and weak demand for female candidates have discouraged Russian parties from nominating women ... More


Recruiting Women to National Legislatures: A General Framework with Applications to Post-Communist Democracies

Richard E. Matland and Kathleen A. Montgomery

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a general model of female legislative recruitment based on literature on established Western democracies. It argues that institutions are important in female legislative ... More


Women's Representation in Germany: A Comparison of East and West

Joanne Bay Brzinski

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines women’s representation in East and West Germany. The variables that explain when and where women achieve representation work as well in the East as in the West. In both regions, ... More


Quotas for Women

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In recent decades, a significant number of political parties have taken steps to increase the representation of women in national assemblies, often by introducing gender quotas. The arguments for ... More


Establishing a Machocracy: Women and Elections in Macedonia (1990–8)

Karolina Ristova

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democratization in Macedonia appears to have established a “machocracy”, rule by men. This chapter examines how machocracy has contributed to the low supply and demand for female candidates in ... More


Czech Political Parties Prefer Male Candidates to Female Votes

Steven Saxonberg

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the reasons behind low female representation in the Czech parliament. It is argued that the nominating process is the biggest obstacle faced by female politicians. The absence ... More


Factors Influencing Women's Presence in Slovene Parliament

Milica G. AntiĆ

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the under-representation of women in Slovene national politics. The main obstacles to female representation in the Slovene National Assembly are political. Female representation ... More


Women in the Polish Sejm: Political Culture and Party Politics versus Electoral Rules

Renata Siemieńska

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines changes in the representation of women in the Polish parliament from the 1990s to 2001. Women candidates had the best outcome in the 2001 election due to electoral law change, ... More


Introduction

Kathleen A. Montgomery

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion on the relationship between democratization and women’s access to political power in post-communist systems, and gender equality in politics. It ... More


Weak Mobilization, Hidden Majoritarianism, and Resurgence of the Right: A Recipe for Female Under-Representation in Hungary

Kathleen A. Montgomery and Gabriella Ilonszki

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the under-representation of women in post-communist Hungary. Female under-representation is attributed to a combination of electoral, cultural and party system factors. Women ... More


Croatia's Leap towards Political Equality: Rules and Players 1

Josip Glaurdic

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the increase in women’s parliamentary representation in Croatia in the 2000 elections. Three main factors contributed to the increase in representation. These are electoral rule ... More


Women, Work, and Television

Janet Thumim

in Inventing Television Culture: Men, Women, and the Box

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198742234
eISBN:
9780191694998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742234.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter turns to the overarching question of television’s place in public-sphere discussion of cultural change in post-war, pre-women’s movement Britain. It asks to what extent the emergent ... More


Women and the Liberal Democrats: Representing Women

Elizabeth Evans

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083471
eISBN:
9781781702277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083471.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This book provides an exploration of women's representation and the third party in UK politics. Based on extensive research, it is a comprehensive gendered analysis of the Liberal Democrats and the ... More


Women and the Labour Party in Scotland

Fiona Mackay

in The Scottish Labour Party: History, Institutions and Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748617845
eISBN:
9780748672097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617845.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter analyzes the changing role and status of women in the Scottish Labour Party. It asks how the Labour Party, once characterized as stereotypically masculine, got to this point, and what ... More


Understanding Women’s Legislative Representation

Frank C. Thames and Margaret S. Williams

in Contagious Representation: Women's Political Representation in Democracies around the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784174
eISBN:
9780814784181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784174.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the factors that explain women's representation in the legislature, distinguishing between the short- and long-term effects of critical variables as seen through a statistical ... More


The Gendered Politics of Securing Inclusive Development

Sohela Nazneen and Simeen Mahmud

in The Politics of Inclusive Development: Interrogating the Evidence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722564
eISBN:
9780191789250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722564.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Political settlement frameworks are gender blind. This chapter interrogates this assertion by analysing selected country case studies of the gendered nature of political processes and identifying ... More


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