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 Euthanasia

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses why euthanasia presents a moral dilemma for physicians. It shows that trying to distinguish between active and passive euthanasia in any of the following four ways: (1) acts ... More


Conversational Strategies Used to Create Crimes

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The single agenda of undercover police work is to capture crime on tape. Conversational strategies are usually considered unconscious behavior, but there is reason to suspect that undercover taping ... More


A Rogue Cop and Every Strategy He Can Think Of: The Wenatchee Washington Sex Ring Case

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Between 1994 and 2000, a Wenatchee Washington police officer with a warped imagination managed to enmesh 43 adults and 60 children in one of the most bizarre sexual abuse and sex orgy cases in ... More


Tax Administration and Tax Equity

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Attempts an in‐depth analysis on major issues of tax administration and practices in view of tax equity. Stress is made to the importance of using the withholding collection.


Deception and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Deception can be defined roughly as intentionally causing someone to have false beliefs, but this definition needs to be qualified to deal with certain cases, including the following. I intentionally ... More


Deception and Withholding Information in Sales

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The chapter argues that salespeople have prima facie duties to: (1) warn customers of potential hazards; (2) refrain from lying and deception; (3) fully and honestly answer questions about what they ... More


Withholding and Withdrawing Curative Treatments

David J. Bearison

in When Treatment Fails: How medicine cares for dying children

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156126
eISBN:
9780199999873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156126.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses issues in withholding and withdrawing curative treatments for a child under palliative care. It tries to determine the proper time to discontinue the treatments and when to ... More


Lying, Deception, and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a thorough canvass of the literature on the definition of lying available today. It offers definitions of the concepts of lying and deception and explains the distinctions between ... More


Initiation, withdrawal, and withholding of dialysis: clinical

Lionel U Mailloux (ed.)

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses decision-making in terms of dialysis, whether to withdraw, initiate, or withhold dialysis from a patient, as well as some of the general principles of communications between ... More


Initiation, withdrawal, and withholding of dialysis: Communicating with patients and family

Tom Sensky and Celia Eggeling (eds)

in Supportive Care for the Renal Patient

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199560035
eISBN:
9780191730139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560035.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses issues in starting dialysis, withdrawing from dialysis, and withholding dialysis. It begins by highlighting some general principles of communications between people with ... More


Veracity in the Doctor–Patient Relationship

Dagmar Wujastyk

in Well-Mannered Medicine: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in Classical Ayurveda

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199856268
eISBN:
9780199950560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856268.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the paternalistic nature of the doctor-patient relationship, and what this means for a physician's attitude towards giving or withholding information from a patient. The ... More


Epilogue: Religious Diversity in the Shadow of Ambiguity

Robert McKim

in On Religious Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774029
eISBN:
9780199932610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774029.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with some aspects of the implications of religious ambiguity for how one should respond to the fact of religious diversity. A case is made for trying to understand the point of ... More


All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Chris Heffer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In a post-factual world in which claims are often held to be true only to the extent that they partisanly confirm one’s preexisting beliefs, this book asks the following crucial questions: How can ... More


What’s So Special about a Return-Based Mass Tax?

Lawrence Zelenak

in Learning to Love Form 1040: Two Cheers for the Return-Based Mass Income Tax

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226018928
eISBN:
9780226019086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226019086.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes three major consequences of the federal government's reliance on a highly visible return-based mass tax. First, the return-based income tax, coupled with inexact withholding, ... More


Multiple Tax-System Instruments

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses tax-system instruments that are generally ignored in standard analyses, such as procedures for ensuring compliance, audit rates, penalties and reporting requirements. These ... More


International Corporate Tax Systems at a Glance

Jack M. Mintz and Alfons J. Weichenrieder

in The Indirect Side of Direct Investment: Multinational Company Finance and Taxation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014496
eISBN:
9780262289658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014496.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter focuses on those aspects of the international tax system that influence foreign direct investment, particularly with respect to direct and indirect financing structures that are highly ... More


Trust, Cooperation, and Insincerity

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter teases out some key theoretical issues relating to the scope, ethics, and situated analysis of insincerity, as one of the two faces of untruthfulness. It begins by grounding sincerity in ... More


Insincere Discourse Strategies

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter sets out a framework for analyzing insincere discourse strategies. Though not equivalent, there is sufficient overlap between insincerity and deception to begin by considering typologies ... More


Poisoning and Partisanship: An Analysis of the Salisbury Nerve Agent Attack

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter demonstrates an alternative “holistic” method of TRUST analysis in which the focus is not on individual claims or short sections of text with a few related claims, but on the general ... More


Lying, Deception, and Deceit

Andreas Stokke

in Lying and Insincerity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198825968
eISBN:
9780191865022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825968.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents the traditional view of lying, according to which to lie is to say something one believes to be false with the intent to deceive. It is argued that this view is too narrow in ... More


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