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Regulatory Failure and Financial Engineering—The RECs' First Review

Dieter Helm

in Energy, the State, and the Market: British Energy Policy since 1979

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199270743
eISBN:
9780191718540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270743.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the regulation of the regional electricity companies (RECs), and the conduct of the Office of Electricity Regulation (Offer). The repeated interventions — the two attempts at ... More


Political Values and the Future of U.S. Agriculture

Paul B. Thompson

in The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125879
eISBN:
9780813135557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125879.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's creation of a certified-organic level has made mainstream agriculture keenly aware that times are changing. They utilized lawsuits and ballot initiatives to ... More


Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Daniel S. Greenberg

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

In recent years the news media have been awash with stories about increasingly close ties between college campuses and multimillion-dollar corporations. America's universities, the story goes, reap ... More


Systemic Transition and Corruption

Andrew Wedeman

in Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450464
eISBN:
9780801464270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450464.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines qualitative changes in the form of corruption in China. It argues that, as reform deepened, the modal form of corruption in China shifted from predatory plunder or looting and ... More


The housebuilders and affordable housing

Bob Colenutt

in The Property Lobby: The Hidden Reality behind the Housing Crisis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447340492
eISBN:
9781447350330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340492.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter investigates the long running battle between communities and developers/landowners over so called planning obligations particularly to build affordable housing. It explores the huge ... More


Credibility, Commitment, and Regulation: Ex Ante Price Caps and Ex Post Interventions

Dieter Helm

in The Natural Resources Trap: Private Investment without Public Commitment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013796
eISBN:
9780262275538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013796.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter sets out the origins of RPI-X regulation and the context of privatization, with its multiple objectives—and not just efficiency. It describes the salient framework of the regulatory ... More


Consumption Tax Reform: Changes in Business Equity and Housing Prices

John W. Diamond and George R. Zodrow

in Fundamental Tax Reform: Issues, Choices, and Implications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042475
eISBN:
9780262271707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042475.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the prospect of fundamental consumption tax reform in the United States within the context of a complex dynamic overlapping generations computable general equilibrium model of ... More


Decision Making in Chains and Networks of Contracts

Stefan Grundmann

in Theories of Choice: The Social Science and the Law of Decision Making

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198863175
eISBN:
9780191895678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863175.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Networks of contracts serve mainly as a long-term form of organisation, both features being typically combined. This combination—the so-called organisational contract—is seen as a hybrid between ... More


Why Regulate?

Robert Baldwin, Martin Cave, and Martin Lodge

in Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199576081
eISBN:
9780191806698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199576081.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter examines the motives underlying regulation, first by considering the technical justifications for regulating that may be given by a government that is assumed to be acting in pursuit of ... More


Phoenix States after Civil War: The Problem and the Argument

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This introductory chapter explains why post-conflict reconstruction is crucial by discussing the costs associated with failed reconstruction. The chapter presents the paucity of literature on ... More


Reconstruction Against All Odds

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers an argument to explain why only some post-conflict countries experience reconstruction, by identifying the conditions under which aid fosters reconstruction. Specifically, this ... More


Statistical Analysis of Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discovers situations when leaders bring about successful post-conflict reconstruction by testing the nonstrategic-desperation hypothesis (Chapter 2), using data from civil wars that ... More


Statistical Analysis of Post-Conflict Coup Risk

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter tests the mechanism that allows post-conflict leaders to bring about successful reconstruction of their countries. The mechanism is summarized as the low-windfall coup-proofing ... More


Similar Background, Different Windfall: Mozambique and Angola

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines why only some post-conflict leaders invest in socioeconomic reconstruction by comparing two cases: Mozambique and Angola. These countries were similar in their institutional ... More


Same Country, Change in Windfall: Uganda

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines how the argument that reconstruction requires that post-conflict leaders face incentives to invest in their country applies to post-conflict Uganda, before and after the ... More


Improving Aid Effectiveness after Civil War

Desha M. Girod

in Explaining Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199387861
eISBN:
9780190222666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387861.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter begins by summarizing the argument of the book. The chapter then takes the evidence a step further by considering additional cases. First, the chapter presents five additional ... More


A Deal Too Good to Last

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines how Social Security eventually turned into a bad deal. President Franklin D. Roosevelt visualized Social Security as a retirement savings program, expecting it to provide an ... More


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