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Ego Depletion and the Limited Resource Model of Self-Control

Nicole L. Mead, Jessica L. Alquist, and Roy F. Baumeister

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People break diets, procrastinate in the face of looming deadlines, imbibe too much alcohol the night before a midterm, struggle to save money, and lash out at loved ones and family members. They do ... More


Resisting Procrastination: Kantian Autonomy and the Role of the Will

Mark D. White

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Economists, psychologists, and philosophers have written extensively on the causes of procrastination. While their work helps us understand why people procrastinate, it does not explain how they can ... More


Paternalism and Well-Being

Julian Le Grand and Bill New

in Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines arguments over government paternalism derived from considerations of individual well-being. It begins with a discussion of the classical economic model of rationality and the ... More


Creating character: Theories of nature and nurture in Victorian sensation fiction

Helena Ifill

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781784995133
eISBN:
9781526136275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995133.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book explores the range of ways in which the two leading sensation authors of the 1860s, Mary Elizabeth Braddon and Wilkie Collins, engaged with nineteenth-century ideas about how the ... More


Temptation Revisited

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends the accounts of valuing and of agential authority to puzzles about rational willpower in the face of temptation. It explores two approaches, one that focuses on the agential ... More


Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong: Science, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950

Cyrus Schayegh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254473
eISBN:
9780520943544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254473.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book tells two intertwined stories: how, in early twentieth-century Iran, an emerging middle class used modern scientific knowledge as its cultural and economic capital, and how, along with the ... More


The Self-Reliant Personality: Psychology, Pedagogy, and the Problem of Willpower

Cyrus Schayegh

in Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong: Science, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254473
eISBN:
9780520943544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254473.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter reviews the interaction among psychology, pedagogy, and the modernists' moralistic view of the psychological profile necessary for the individuals to function properly in modern society. ... More


Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Neil Sinhababu

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends the Humean Theory of Motivation, according to which desire drives all human action and practical reasoning. In addition to motivating action, desire causes pleasant and unpleasant ... More


Surrounding Self-Control

Alfred R. Mele (ed.)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780197500941
eISBN:
9780197500972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197500941.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is one of the fruits of the Philosophy and Science of Self-Control project, a three-year project designed to explore the topic of self-control from a variety of angles: neuroscience; ... More


Conclusion: Taking Resolve Seriously

Joshua D. Kertzer

in Resolve in International Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171609
eISBN:
9781400883646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171609.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book has investigated the microfoundations of resolve in international relations by connecting international relations scholarship with a burgeoning body of research on willpower and ... More


Basil and No Name

Helena Ifill

in Creating character: Theories of nature and nurture in Victorian sensation fiction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781784995133
eISBN:
9781526136275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995133.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Basil’s Robert Mannion, and No Name’s Magdalen Vanstone are both subject to monomaniacal impulses. In Basil, Collins draws on early-nineteenth-century theories of insanity and moral management, ... More


The Implications of Ego Depletion for the Ethics and Politics of Manipulation

Michael Cholbi

in Manipulation: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199338207
eISBN:
9780190228446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199338207.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A significant body of research suggests that self-control and willpower are resources that become depleted as they are exercised. Having to exert self-control and willpower draws down a person’s ... More


Self-Control

Dennis L. Krebs

in Survival of the Virtuous: How We Became a Moral Animal

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197629482
eISBN:
9780197629512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197629482.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies biological sources of our susceptibility to temptations such as those in the Seven Deadly Sins and examines psychological sources of virtues that enable us to resist such ... More


Psychology for Economists

Piet Keizer

in Multidisciplinary Economics: A Methodological Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199686490
eISBN:
9780191797651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686490.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Here we search for analyses of the psyche which could function as a complement to our economic world. The behaviourist and the cognitive approaches offer insights into the automatic and the ... More


Applications of the MDE World Approach

Piet Keizer

in Multidisciplinary Economics: A Methodological Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199686490
eISBN:
9780191797651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686490.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The meaning of a concept is determined by its context. In our integrated world, typical economic concepts, such as utility, rationality, efficiency, technology, price, costs, and benefits, have a ... More


Addiction as a form of akrasia

Nick Heather

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that addiction can usefully be seen as a form of akrasia, an ancient philosophical concept referring to acting against one’s better judgment. Ordinary akrasia and addiction can be ... More


How an addict’s power of choice is lost and can be regained

Gabriel Segal

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

“[M]‌ost alcoholics … have lost the power of choice in drink. Our so-called will power becomes practically non-existent” (Alcoholics Anonymous). In active addiction, when an addict who is trying to ... More


Evaluative Beliefs First

Ben Bramble

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 8

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198828310
eISBN:
9780191867064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828310.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers think that it is only because we happen to want or care about things that we think some things of value. We start off caring about things, and then project these desires onto the ... More


Willpower and the Cultivation of Virtues

Ryan West

in Faith and Virtue Formation: Christian Philosophy in Aid of Becoming Good

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192895349
eISBN:
9780191916168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895349.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores some roles willpower might play in a Christian’s grace-empowered attempt to “make every effort to supplement [his or her] faith with virtue” (2 Peter 1:5, ESV). Working from a ... More


Willpower

Neil Sinhababu

in Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 8 explains how we exercise willpower: by intentionally redirecting attention away from vividly represented temptation and towards less vividly represented goals. Redirecting attention raises ... More


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