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Rising to the Challenge

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter considers the who, what, where, when, why, and how of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS).


Why Questions? What Explanations?

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Chapter 1 introduces the problem by beginning with the difference between “first person” and “third person” explanations. The former refer to the world that we inhabit as ... More


The National Cause

Catriona Pennell

in A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590582
eISBN:
9780191738777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590582.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Chapter Two is the first in a series of three thematic chapters. It outlines how the British people came to understand the war and why Britain was fighting. Moreover, it considers how the British ... More


Perception without Awareness

Fred Dretske

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If psychologists can, as they say, really identify perception (of an object) without awareness (of that object), they must have a reasonably clear operational grasp of what perception and awareness ... More


Moral Understanding and Morally Worthy Action

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is it to understand why a moral proposition is true? Moral understanding, in this sense, differs from moral knowledge (both knowledge that p is true and knowledge why it is true). Moral ... More


Prague Preamble to “Why not Socialism?”

G. A. Cohen

Michael Otsuka (ed.)

in Finding Oneself in the Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148809
eISBN:
9781400845323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148809.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter supplies an additional preamble to one of Cohen's lectures, “Why Not Socialism?” whenever it is delivered in Prague. This is because Czechoslovakia had undergone savage tyranny and ... More


Causal Explanation

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for the thesis that to explain an event is to provide some information about its causal history. This involves showing that there are no noncausal explanations of particular events, ... More


Philosophical Theories of Explanation

Robert W. Batterman

in The Devil in the Details: Asymptotic Reasoning in Explanation, Reduction, and Emergence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146479
eISBN:
9780199833078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146476.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses in detail a distinction between types of why‐questions. It considers Hempelian models of explanation and their successors and argues that neither causal mechanical models nor ... More


The Pragmatics of Explanation 1

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Explanatory power is a complex theoretical virtue, not reducible to empirical strength or adequacy, which includes other virtues as its own preconditions. Since this virtue provides one of the main ... More


Spontaneous Cheating

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the mechanics of how men cheat. It explores the antecedents that lead them to it, both structurally and emotionally. It explains the high rate of cheating found among this ... More


Why the Prison-Boom Generation?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Insidious Momentum of American Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197513170
eISBN:
9780197513200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197513170.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Population and Demography

This chapter explores the issue of what aspects of criminal law and policy had such concentrated impact in the generation after 1970, when prison populations multiplied. There were no aspects of ... More


The Priority of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 1, it is argued that for religious believers, natural theology has an epistemological priority over a revelation and revelation theology. Six problems concerning revelations show that this ... More


Introduction

Morag C. Treanor

in Child Poverty: Aspiring to Survive

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447334668
eISBN:
9781447334712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334668.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter introduces the book by looking at how children view poverty and asking (and answering) why we should care about child poverty. It then defines what child poverty is, i.e. what makes it ... More


Philip Roth: Fiction and Power

Patrick Hayes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199689125
eISBN:
9780191795305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689125.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Philip Roth is widely acknowledged as one of the defining authors in the literature of post-war America. Yet he has long been a polarising figure, and throughout his career he has won the disapproval ... More


Towards a theory of women’s homelessness: social dysfunction theory

Kate Moss and Paramjit Singh

in Women Rough Sleepers In Europe: Homelessness and victims of domestic abuse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447317098
eISBN:
9781447317104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447317098.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

To date, few theories specific to women’s homelessness have been suggested. The numbers of homeless men in the UK and the rest of Europe are greater than those of women and therefore the majority of ... More


Describing Law Normatively

John Finnis

in Philosophy of Law: Collected Essays Volume IV

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580088
eISBN:
9780191729409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580088.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

A fundamental reconsideration of the project of a general theory of law, this chapter argues that no general account can be given of what law in fact is without explicit attention to why it has the ... More


Rape Consciousness: From Activism to Text

Robin E. Field

in Writing the Survivor: The Rape Novel in Late Twentieth-Century American Fiction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781942954835
eISBN:
9781800341838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781942954835.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

The new understanding of the victim’s psyche in rape fiction is derived from the literature of the anti-rape movement and autobiographical accounts of sexual assault. The rhetoric of this 1970s ... More


The Evolution of Music through Culture and Science

Peter Townsend

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848400
eISBN:
9780191882968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848400.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Music is an international key aspect of humanity which impacts life, from love songs to religion, politics, and warfare. Changes in culture and developments in science drove musical progress from ... More


Queering Welty’s Male Bodies in the Undergraduate Classroom

Gary Richards

in Teaching the Works of Eudora Welty: Twenty-First-Century Approaches

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496814531
eISBN:
9781496814579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496814531.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This essay details how Welty’s “The Wide Net” and “Why I Live at the P.O.” allow for nuanced explorations of male homosociality and queer male bodies in college classrooms. Unlike “Music from Spain,” ... More


Reasons Why

Bradford Skow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198785842
eISBN:
9780191831164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785842.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is first argued that a theory of explanation is, or should be, a theory of answers to why-questions. It is then argued that a theory of answers to why-questions should take the form of a theory of ... More


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