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Ecological genomics

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews advances in genomics and their applications to conservation genetics. Topics discussed include whole-genome sequencing (WGS), assembly and annotation of the massive amount of ... More


Whole-genome analysis of pathogen evolution

Julian Parkhill

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Whole-genome sequences for many bacterial species have initiated a new era of analysis. Horizontal gene exchange may be the dominant mechanism of adaptation. Bacterial chromosomes can be divided into ... More


Through a Glass, Clearly: Experimental Evolution as a Window on Adaptive Genome Evolution

Frank Rosenzweig and Gavin Sherlock

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores recent examples where experimental evolution, empowered by genomic technologies and increasingly informed by systems biology, has fundamentally advanced our understanding of ... More


Isotopic and Genetic Evidence for Migration in Medieval England

Mark Jobling and Andrew Millard

in Migrants in Medieval England, c. 500-c. 1500

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197266724
eISBN:
9780191916052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266724.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Two sources of evidence, ratios of stable isotopes and sequences of DNA molecules, can illuminate histories of human migration. Studies of skeletal remains from medieval cemeteries in England, using ... More


Of Dogs, Daycare, and Discipline: A “Genetic Guide to Parenting”?

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Depending on which gene a child has, being sent to daycare can either increase or decrease a child’s chances of developing allergies. Likewise, children with one form of a gene respond better to an ... More


DNA: Up Close and Personal

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

We now look at personal genetics and genomics, especially important with the rise of companies willing to analyze your own DNA (for a small fee, of course), giving you the raw genetic information ... More


Your DNA Reveals Medical and Health Surprises

Alan McHughen

in DNA Demystified: Unravelling the Double Helix

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190092962
eISBN:
9780190092993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092962.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Why are so many people getting their DNA tested? Apart from the science nerds who are always up for such activities, there are two main reasons: health and genealogy. And for each of these there are ... More


Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

James Tabery

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

If everyone now agrees that human traits arise not from nature or nurture but from the interaction of nature and nurture, then why does the “nature versus nurture” debate persist? In Beyond Versus, ... More


From Fork to Farm: Honing the Tools of Outbreak Investigation

Timothy D. Lytton

in Outbreak: Foodborne Illness and the Struggle for Food Safety

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611549
eISBN:
9780226611716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611716.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter details the investigation of a nationwide outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul initially attributed to contaminated tomatoes but later traced to tainted hot peppers. The chapter examines the ... More


Uncertainties in Genetic Testing

Kostas Kampourakis and Kevin McCain

in Uncertainty: How It Makes Science Advance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190871666
eISBN:
9780190871697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871666.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Genetic tests are becoming increasingly affordable; however, the way they are marketed might make people think that they can provide more answers than they actually can. There are many uncertainties ... More


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