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The Pinch: American Nationalism in Crisis

Quigley Paul

in Shifting Grounds: Nationalism and the American South, 1848–1865

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735488
eISBN:
9780199918584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735488.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter traces the road to secession. Most white southerners came to support secession not because of a positive embrace of southern nationalism, but rather because their attachment to the Union ... More


White Womanhood, White Supremacy, and the Rise of Massive Resistance

Elizabeth Gillespie McRae

in Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter draws on traditional constructions of maternal responsibilities in constructing a public role as defender of white supremacy. It argues that women had a duty to campaign against racial ... More


Why Massive Resistance?

Michael J. Klarman

in Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter assesses how the forces of massive resistance overwhelmed more liberal opinion on racial integration. It stresses that those white southerners who were opposed to the Brown decision were ... More


Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Jeff Strickland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Charleston, South Carolina, was a cosmopolitan city during the mid-to-late nineteenth century. Germans, Irish, and a host of European and Latin American immigrants shared the same workplaces, ... More


The Theology of Massive Resistance: Sex, Segregation, and the Sacred after Brown

Jane Dailey

in Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177862
eISBN:
9780199870189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter asserts that segregationists were motivated by their fear of miscegenation to seek divine sanction for the separation of the races. It explains that in their reading of the Bible, ... More


Postwar Municipal Politics and the Failure of Reconstruction

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Germans, Irish, and African Americans profoundly influenced municipal politics during the Reconstruction period. African Americans, Germans, and Irish immigrants took advantage of universal suffrage ... More


“We Learned Our Lessons Well”:: The Growth of White Privilege in Southern Schools

Kristina DuRocher

in Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813130019
eISBN:
9780813135571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813130019.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

The emergence of the New South after the Civil War brought forth some innovative ideas about education and schooling in the region. White southerners refocused their education system by formalizing ... More


Consumerism Meets Jim Crow’s Children:: White Children and the Culture of Segregation

Kristina DuRocher

in Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813130019
eISBN:
9780813135571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813130019.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

White southerners took advantage of the emergence of mass culture in the early twentieth century to reiterate their justifications for white dominance over African Americans and impart to their ... More


Conclusion

Kristina DuRocher

in Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813130019
eISBN:
9780813135571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813130019.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

During the Jim Crow era, white southerners struggled to maintain cultural, political, and economic control as African Americans and reformers began to gain ground in their fight to eliminate ... More


The Liberal Republican Dilemma over Reconstruction, 1865–1868

Andrew L. Slap

in The Doom of Reconstruction: The Liberal Republicans in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227099
eISBN:
9780823234998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227099.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses the liberal republicans' goals for Reconstruction—restoring republican government, incorporating freed slaves into Southern society with basic ... More


Slavery and Urban Life

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

German and Irish immigrants interacted with slaves and free blacks in Charleston on a daily basis and in a variety of social and economic contexts. The brutality of urban slavery was unmistakable as ... More


The Anatomy of Inferiority

Angie Maxwell

in The Indicted South: Public Criticism, Southern Inferiority, and the Politics of Whiteness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611648
eISBN:
9781469614519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611648.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to re-examine distinct groups of white southerners that were impacted by the media spotlight via the lens of inferiority. It ... More


Introduction

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The interaction of German and Irish immigrants, enslaved and free African Americans, and white Southerners defined the social, economic and political developments in Civil War–era Charleston. Slavery ... More


Defending White Democracy: The Making of a Segregationist Movement and the Remaking of Racial Politics, 1936-1965

Jason Morgan Ward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807835135
eISBN:
9781469602547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869222_ward
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After the Supreme Court ruled school segregation unconstitutional in 1954, southern white backlash seemed to explode overnight. Journalists profiled the rise of a segregationist movement committed to ... More


Deliver Us from Evil: The Slavery Question in the Old South

Lacy K. Ford,

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195118094
eISBN:
9780199870936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118094.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

A major contribution to our understanding of slavery in the early republic, this book illuminates the white South's twisted and tortured efforts to justify slavery, focusing on the period from the ... More


A Shattered Nation: The Rise and Fall of the Confederacy, 1861-1868

Anne Sarah Rubin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829288
eISBN:
9781469604831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888957_rubin
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Historians often assert that Confederate nationalism had its origins in pre-Civil War sectional conflict with the North, reached its apex at the start of the war, and then dropped off quickly after ... More


Joe T. Patterson and the White South's Dilemma: Evolving Resistance to Black Advancement

Robert E., Jr. Luckett

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781496802699
eISBN:
9781496802736
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802699.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As Mississippi's attorney general from 1956 to 1969, Joe T. Patterson led the legal defense for Jim Crow in the state. He was inaugurated for his first term two months before the launch of the ... More


The Triptych of the Twenties: Bryan, Darrow, and Mencken and What They Meant to the White South

Angie Maxwell

in The Indicted South: Public Criticism, Southern Inferiority, and the Politics of Whiteness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611648
eISBN:
9781469614519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611648.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on journalist H. L. Mencken, attorney Clarence Darrow, and politician and activist William Jennings Bryan, whose interactions contributed to a collective regional identity for ... More


Different Colored Currents of the Sea: Reconstruction North Carolina, Mutuality, and the Political Roots of Jim Crow, 1872–1875

Paul Yandle

in North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832226
eISBN:
9781469601649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807837269_escott.11
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on Paul Gaston's The New South Creed, in which he notes the unanimity with which white southerners saw themselves as the protectors of African Americans in a segregated society ... More


The Politics of Inferiority: Conservatism, Creationism, and The Culture Wars

Angie Maxwell

in The Indicted South: Public Criticism, Southern Inferiority, and the Politics of Whiteness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469611648
eISBN:
9781469614519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469611648.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses how southern communities that perceived themselves to be under siege retreated physically, artistically, or politically and established a new defiant reality. They also ... More


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