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The Wheat Question

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Traditionally, the output and production of wheat has served as a thermometer gauge of English or British agriculture. This chapter puts that wheat question back in the spotlight. It begins by ... More


The Grain Trade

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explores the Mediterranean wheat market. The Romans made many products, from wines to pottery and glass, but wheat was the most widely traded commodity during those times. Shipped from ... More


The Nature and Destiny of Serious Theology

Samuel Wells

in Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is organized into five parts. First, it takes Niebuhr's essay ‘Why the Christian Church is not Pacifist’, and sets out its arguments as a characteristic Niebuhr manifesto. It then ... More


The domestication of cereal crops

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

By 10 million years ago, the major cereal groups had diverged from each other and were distributed across the world. Many of these grassy plants have remained recalcitrant to domestication, but ... More


Money and Prices in the Early Roman Empire

David Kessler and Peter Temin

in The Monetary Systems of the Greeks and Romans

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233359
eISBN:
9780191716348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233359.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the role of money as a standard of value. It argues that monetization in the sense of using monetary measures was virtually universal in the early Roman Empire. This assertion ... More


The Last Phase of Direct Cultivation

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Although two major innovations were introduced at Wisbech Barton in the 1410s, namely an increase in the acreage under wheat and the expansion of dairy farming, the bishop of Ely's desire to ... More


Farm Production and the Agricultural Revolution

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This final chapter returns to the question of farm production in the context of when and how an agricultural revolution met the needs of a demographic revolution. In so doing they make two ... More


Earnings and Costs: Living Standards and the Roman Economy

Dominic Rathbone

in Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562596
eISBN:
9780191721458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562596.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents the few wheat prices known from the Roman Empire, military and some other official and private earnings, and a small selection of items from Diocletian's Edict on Maximum ... More


A Venice of Pine

Edward Dallam Melillo

in Strangers On Familiar Soil: Rediscovering the Chile-California Connection

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300206623
eISBN:
9780300216486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206623.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses how Chilean ships and wheat provided the literal foundations for San Francisco's territorial and demographic expansions during the mid-1800s. Beginning in 1848, the city's ... More


The Course of Trade

Peter J. Marshall

in Remaking the British Atlantic: The United States and the British Empire after American Independence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640355
eISBN:
9780191739279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Peace was followed by a boom in the export of British manufactured goods to the United States, payment for which was to be an acute problem. Although British merchants continued to handle a ... More


Technical Change on the Frontier

JEREMY ADELMAN

in Frontier Development: Land, Labour, and Capital on the Wheatlands of Argentina and Canada 1890-1914

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204411
eISBN:
9780191676253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204411.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In the late 19th century Argentina and Canada were land-rich and labour-poor economies. Production was organized to use abundant land extensively and scarce labour intensively. Without new tools that ... More


The Historical Pattern

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The farms were devoted exclusively to feeding the small local population, but by the early 1850s, land was being put to a new commercial use. The local food market expanded over time as New Zealand's ... More


The Political Economic Strands

Nicholas A. Lambert

in The War Lords and the Gallipoli Disaster: How Globalized Trade Led Britain to Its Worst Defeat of the First World War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197545201
eISBN:
9780197545232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197545201.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

In the midst of the strategic review discussed in chapter 5, Arthur Balfour, one of the War Lords, pointed out that selection of strategy should be governed by economic resources and expected ... More


The markets for essential bread

Stilt Talar

in Islamic Law in Action: Authority, Discretion, and Everyday Experiences in Mamluk Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602438
eISBN:
9780191729348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602438.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This long chapter describes in eight cases how the muhtasib attempted to regulate the complex markets of wheat, flour, and bread. In doing so, the muhtasib was challenged by the sultan’s high-ranking ... More


Request to buy fifteen dīnārs worth of wheat

Petra M. Sijpesteijn

in Shaping a Muslim State: The World of a Mid-Eighth-Century Egyptian Official

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199673902
eISBN:
9780191758133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673902.003.0027
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents a letter where Nājid b. Muslim informs ʽAbd Allāh of a request he received from ʽAwn b. Nāfiʽ to buy him fifteen dīnārs worth of wheat. Nājid writes that ʽAbd Allāh, is obliged ... More


Birth

Michael J. Lansing

in Insurgent Democracy: The Nonpartisan League in North American Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226283500
eISBN:
9780226283647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226283647.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

Born in North Dakota in 1915, the NPL empowered disadvantaged citizens to directly engage in electoral politics. It defied the common assumption that agrarians could not transcend regional, ethnic, ... More


Expansion

Michael J. Lansing

in Insurgent Democracy: The Nonpartisan League in North American Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226283500
eISBN:
9780226283647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226283647.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

In North Dakota, previous farmer movements created agrarian cohesion in the face of economic inequity and tin-eared politicians. In other places, however, transcending ethnic, religious, and ... More


Diet for a Large Planet: Industrial Britain, Food Systems, and World Ecology

Chris Otter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226697109
eISBN:
9780226705965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226705965.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book provides a history of the causes, experiences, and consequences of Britain's post-1750 shift to a diet rich in meat, wheat, and sugar. The origins of this shift lay in Britain's ... More


The Turkish Epidemic of Porphyria

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents the author's account of a porphyria epidemic in Turkey. In 1955, Dr Cihad Çam, a dermatologist in Diyarbakir in eastern Turkey, saw a large number of children with sores and ... More


The War Lords and the Gallipoli Disaster: How Globalized Trade Led Britain to Its Worst Defeat of the First World War

Nicholas A. Lambert

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197545201
eISBN:
9780197545232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197545201.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book offers a new history of an old subject: the genesis of Britain’s disastrous 1915 Dardanelles campaign. It also offers a new history of a new subject—the strategic implications of ... More


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