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Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


What Matters

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses the issue of what matters in survival. A test for assessing our beliefs about what matters is developed and it is argued that what matters is Relation M: roughly, the ... More


Personal Identity

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to the Identity View, in order for an individual to have a self‐interest in a future benefit, she must be identical to the beneficiary. Therefore, the exact implications of the Identity ... More


Minds and Mental Integration

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a survey of the sorts of states and capacities to be found in typical human minds, focusing on the differing extents to which these have phenomenal aspects or manifestations. ... More


Why Our Identity Is not What Matters

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Presents actual cases of brain bisection; how we might be able to divide and reunite our minds; what explains the unity of consciousness at any time; the imagined case of full division, in which each ... More


What Does Matter

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses how our death can seem to disappear; whether and why the continuity of the body matters; why it does not matter whether psychological continuity has its normal cause: the continued ... More


Survival and Identity

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Prompted by Derek Parfit's early work on personal identity, Lewis advances the view that persons are best regarded as suitably related aggregates of person‐stages. Parfit argues that what matters in ... More


Parfit's Case against Subjectivism 1

David Sobel

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Derek Parfit, in On What Matters, argues that all subjective accounts of normative reasons for action are false. This chapter focuses on his “Agony Argument.” The first premise of the Agony Argument ... More


No-Matter-What

Jon Cogburn

in Garcian Meditations: The Dialectics of Persistence in Form and Object

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415910
eISBN:
9781474434942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415910.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter IV contains a clarification one of Garcia’s major terms of art, ‘no-matter-what’. Interpreting Garcia correctly on this allows one to derive a new argument for the existence of the empty set.


What Matters About Metaethics?

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to Derek Parfit’s claim that if metaethical non-cognitivism or reductive realism turned out to be true, then his life would have been wasted. An argument is given that Parfit’s ... More


Generalizing from Fission

Douglas Ehring

in What Matters in Survival: Personal Identity and other Possibilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894717
eISBN:
9780191915598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894717.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 4, the second step of the Divergence Argument is assessed. This second step consists in generalizing from fission, and, perhaps, other divergent cases, to the conclusion that identity ... More


What Matters about Meta-Ethics?

Mark Schroeder

in Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199653836
eISBN:
9780191823916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653836.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to Derek Parfit’s claim that if meta-ethical non-cognitivism or reductive realism turned out to be true, then his life would have been wasted. An argument is given that Parfit’s ... More


Rationalist Teleological Maximalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Opting for the Best: Oughts and Options

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190945350
eISBN:
9780190945381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190945350.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter demonstrates how rationalism, maximalism, and teleology operate together to determine the deontic statuses of our options. And the chapter explains what rationalist teleological ... More


Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity

Peter Singer (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199653836
eISBN:
9780191823916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653836.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical subjectivism or skepticism, in one form or another, has dominated moral philosophy for the past eighty years. In On What Matters Derek Parfit rejects all forms of subjectivism in ethics, as ... More


Fission and Shared Stages

Douglas Ehring

in What Matters in Survival: Personal Identity and other Possibilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894717
eISBN:
9780191915598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894717.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 2, a fifth mapping of identity on to fission is considered, one that rejects the assumption that different people cannot shared stages. One variant of this “shared stage” approach is the ... More


Fission and Indeterminacy

Douglas Ehring

in What Matters in Survival: Personal Identity and other Possibilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894717
eISBN:
9780191915598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894717.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 3, the assumption that facts about personal identity are always fully determinate is put to one side so as to consider mappings of identity onto fission according to which it is ... More


The Divergence Argument

Douglas Ehring

in What Matters in Survival: Personal Identity and Other Possibilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894717
eISBN:
9780191915598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapters 1 through 4, the Divergence Argument is refined and assessed. According to this two-step argument, it can be demonstrated that identity does not matter in fission and from fission cases, ... More


The Triviality Argument

Douglas Ehring

in What Matters in Survival: Personal Identity and other Possibilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894717
eISBN:
9780191915598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894717.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 5, a line of argument for the thesis that identity never matters in survival that does not require the generalizing step of the Divergence Argument is developed. This is the “triviality ... More


Escape from Freedom: What’s the Matter with Tom Frank (and the Lefties Who Love Him)?

Nona Willis Aronowitz

in The Essential Ellen Willis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681204
eISBN:
9781452949048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681204.003.0054
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of Thomas Frank’s book What’s the Matter with Kansas? in relation to the mainstream left’s desperate wish that the culture wars would disappear. What’s the Matter with ... More


Nietzsche and the Hope of Normative Convergence

Andrew Huddleston

in Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199653836
eISBN:
9780191823916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653836.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Parfit devotes several chapters of On What Matters to a discussion of Nietzsche’s work. He is especially concerned to defuse the threat that Nietzsche might be thought to pose to the “Convergence ... More


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