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Specialized Inference Engines as Precursors of Creative Imagination?

PASCAL BOYER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human imagination is often thought of as creativity and originality. It is often considered in terms of its high-end, creative products such as religion, arts, and literature. However, the human ... More


A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation

James Woodward

in Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195155273
eISBN:
9780199835089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155270.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This sets out my positive account of causal explanation. According to this account, successful explanations must answer what-if-things-had-been-different questions: they must cite conditions such ... More


What if? Models, fact and fiction in economics

Mary S. Morgan

in British Academy Lectures 2013-14

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780197265864
eISBN:
9780191772016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265864.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Economists build models to understand the economy, but to outsiders these often seem to be imagined or fictional worlds, accounts that seem closer to those of science fiction than to matters of ... More


What's the Worst That Can Happen?

Lee Clarke

in Worst Cases: Terror and Catastrophe in the Popular Imagination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226108599
eISBN:
9780226108605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108605.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines the factors and processes in how worst cases are imagined. It analyzes the mental and institutional mechanisms at work when people imagine things. It suggests that whether we ... More


NMD and foreign policy discourse

Natalie Bormann

in National Missile Defence and the Politics of US Identity: A Poststructural Critique

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074707
eISBN:
9781781701331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074707.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews some of the key arguments that are in favour of NMD, and considers some of the lasting assumptions about the character of security and threat, as well as the concept of policy ... More


In Thucydides’ Wake: An Ancient and Unknown Genealogy

Quentin Deluermoz and Pierre Singaravélou

in A Past of Possibilities: A History of What Could Have Been

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300227543
eISBN:
9780300262858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227543.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter talks about “What-if” history, which did not originate in the provocative minds of a few Anglo-American historians at the beginning of the millennium, nor from the pen of some ... More


Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Raymond Nickerson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Conditional reasoning is reasoning that involves statements of the sort If A (Antecedent) then C (Consequent). This type of reasoning is ubiquitous; everyone engages in it. Indeed, the ability to do ... More


From Pterodactyls to Piccadilly Circus: Uchronias of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Quentin Deluermoz and Pierre Singaravélou

in A Past of Possibilities: A History of What Could Have Been

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300227543
eISBN:
9780300262858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227543.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter grasps the current state of counterfactual history by examining uchronia in its more explicitly literary sense. It explains how the what-if history and revisions of the past ... More


Double Generativity and Complete Effective

Raymond M. Smullyan

in Recursion Theory for Metamathematics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082326
eISBN:
9780197560426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195382365.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

§1. Complete Effective Inseparability. A disjoint pair (A1,A2) is by definition recursively inseparable if no recursive superset of A1 is disjoint from A2. This is equivalent to saying that for any ... More


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