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Rising to the Challenge

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter considers the who, what, where, when, why, and how of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS).


Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

François Recanati

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This book argues against the traditional understanding of the semantics/pragmatics divide and puts forward a radical alternative. Through half a dozen case studies, it shows that what an utterance ... More


Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What in our theoretical pronouncements commits us to objects? The Quinean standard for ontological commitment involves (nearly enough) commitments when we utter “there is” or “there are” statements ... More


Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Jennifer Mather Saul

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Many people (both philosophers and not) find it very natural to think that deceiving someone in a way that avoids lying — by merely misleading — is morally preferable to simply lying. Others think ... More


Postscript: What Would Jesus Do?

Ananda Rose

in Showdown in the Sonoran Desert: Religion, Law, and the Immigration Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890934
eISBN:
9780199949793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890934.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This brief final chapter entertains the question: What might Jesus do about migrant deaths, illegal immigration, and the U.S.–Mexico border. The question is particularly important since many of the ... More


Specialized Inference Engines as Precursors of Creative Imagination?

PASCAL BOYER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human imagination is often thought of as creativity and originality. It is often considered in terms of its high-end, creative products such as religion, arts, and literature. However, the human ... More


Know What is above You (1999)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0064
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents Reich's thoughts about Know What is Above You. The piece was written in a little over a week in April 1999. It was commissioned by WNYC in New York City for the early music ... More


What Has To Be Done

Robert Kirk

in Zombies and Consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the nature of perceptual-phenomenal consciousness. This is the ‘what-is-it problem’, and contrasts strongly with the ‘what-is-it-like problem’. A solution to the latter cannot ... More


Transformation of Sensory Information Into Perceptual Information

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The auditory and visual receptive fields, identified by reverse correlation methods, transform the sensory information into perceptual information. Each receptive field acts like a linear bandpass ... More


Auto/biografiction: Counterfeit Lives: A Taxonomy of Displacements of Fiction towards Life‐Writing

Max Saunders

in Self Impression: Life-Writing, Autobiografiction, and the Forms of Modern Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579761
eISBN:
9780191722882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579761.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines the converse displacement to that considered in Chapters 3 and Chapter 4, looking instead at cases where fiction‐writers colonize the forms of life‐writing, producing a variety ... More


Stephan Körner 1913–2000

John Shepherdson

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 115 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, I

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262788
eISBN:
9780191754210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262788.003.0014
Subject:
History, Historiography

Stephan Körner was one of the leading late twentieth-century British philosophers whose work ranged widely from the philosophy of science and mathematics to that of ethics, law and politics. Born in ... More


Plato on What is Not *

Noburu Notomi

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Modern philosophers often assume that Plato treats what is not merely as the privation of being and that he dismisses the idea of absolute nothingness from the inquiry altogether. Citing the way in ... More


Badiou and Cinema

Alex Ling

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641130
eISBN:
9780748652631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book offers an in-depth examination of cinema and its philosophical significance. It employs the philosophy of Alain Badiou to answer the question central to all serious film scholarship – ... More


Personal Identity

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to the Identity View, in order for an individual to have a self‐interest in a future benefit, she must be identical to the beneficiary. Therefore, the exact implications of the Identity ... More


What Matters

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter addresses the issue of what matters in survival. A test for assessing our beliefs about what matters is developed and it is argued that what matters is Relation M: roughly, the ... More


Minds and Mental Integration

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a survey of the sorts of states and capacities to be found in typical human minds, focusing on the differing extents to which these have phenomenal aspects or manifestations. ... More


Visual Subsystems

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter further develops a multiple-subsystems hypothesis positing distinct transient and sustained subsystems in high-level vision, and relates it to knowledge about independent pathways in ... More


How Gestalts Promote Rationality

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 6, I consider in more detail how the grasp of gestalts contributes to reasonable decision-making, in particular (1) by non-human animals that have conscious experiences somewhat like ours, ... More


Investigating the Evidence

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter aims to teach practitioners how to search efficiently and effectively for the best available evidence. There are three major clearinghouses for systematic reviews: the What Works ... More


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