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The Papal Church and Universal Religious Orders: Western Christendom as a Highly Organized Religious Community

in Why Europe: The Medieval Origins of Its Special Path

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226532530
eISBN:
9780226532387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532387.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the papal church as a shaping force in European society and culture. The intensive transregional organization of the papal church and universal religious orders created ... More


The Sleep of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451324
eISBN:
9780801467899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451324.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book explores the emergence of conflicting concepts of peace in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. Ever since the early Church, Christian thinkers had conceived of their peace separate ... More


Turning-Point (1570–1600)

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

When the Jews were allowed to return to central and western Europe, the trends which were prevalent across the west of Poland from the 1570s were to experience a crucial shift. Such represented a ... More


Introduction

Sverre Bagge

in Cross and Scepter: The Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169088
eISBN:
9781400850105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book charts the rise of three Scandinavian kingdoms—Denmark, Norway, and Sweden—from the tenth century until the end of the Kalmar Union and the introduction of the Reformation in the early ... More


The Schism of the Western Church and the Division of Johanna of Naples

Elizabeth Casteen

in From She-Wolf to Martyr: The Reign and Disputed Reputation of Johanna I of Naples

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453861
eISBN:
9781501701009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453861.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses how Johanna of Naples became a symbol of the division of the Church. On October 31, 1378, Johanna became the first European monarch to recognize Clement VII as pope. It was a ... More


The Consolidation of the Scandinavian Kingdoms, c. 1050–1350

Sverre Bagge

in Cross and Scepter: The Rise of the Scandinavian Kingdoms from the Vikings to the Reformation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169088
eISBN:
9781400850105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169088.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the consolidation of the Scandinavian kingdoms during the period 1050–1350. It begins with a discussion of dynastic continuity and the rules of succession in Denmark, Norway, ... More


Philip Melanchthon and the historical Luther

Ralph Keen

in Luther's Lives: Two Contemporary Accounts of Martin Luther

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719061042
eISBN:
9781781700358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719061042.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

If Luther remains a figure of heroic proportions, it is due as much to the work of his admirers as to his own efforts. And Philip Melanchthon, Luther's closest colleague, was so successful in ... More


Scandinavian Historical Writing, 1100–1400

Sverre Bagge

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 2: 400-1400

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199236428
eISBN:
9780191863349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199236428.003.0021
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter talks about how historical writing in Scandinavia began in the early twelfth century, clearly as the result of European influence through the conversion to Christianity. In the following ... More


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