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Europeanism

John McCormick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556212
eISBN:
9780191721830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This book attempts to identify and outline the political, economic, and social norms and values associated with Europe and Europeans. It argues that regardless of the doubts associated with the ... More


Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

L. W. Sumner

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophers agree that welfare matters. But they do not agree about what it is, or how much it matters. This book presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Liberalism: Political and Economic

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Despite the singular term liberalism, there are two relatively distinct historical branches—political and economic liberalisms—and a collection of variously titled modern branches. Political ... More


Self‐Ownership and World Ownership

Attracta Ingram

in A Political Theory of Rights

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter attempts to lessen the appeal of self-ownership by showing how it counters well-entrenched moral positions. It argues that welfarists should not believe that libertarianism offers ... More


Economics: Sharing the Wealth

John McCormick

in Europeanism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556212
eISBN:
9780191721830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the economic facets of Europeanism. It notes the irony in, on the one hand, the declining identification with states as territorial and political entities discussed in Chapter ... More


Welfarism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the focus is on the importance of self‐interest for axiological aspects of morality and justice. According to the theory about self‐interest defended in chapter 4, the Prudential ... More


Welfarism

L. W. Sumner

in Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends welfarism: the thesis that individual welfare (so understood) is the only thing with final or ultimate ethical value, the only state of affairs which we have a moral reason to ... More


Power

John Eekelaar

in Family Law and Personal Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199535422
eISBN:
9780191707384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535422.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Following on from the Preface, this chapter establishes the book's intention to critique the exercise of power of family practices against the values of an open society. As a background to ... More


The Sen System of Social Evaluation

S. R. Osmani

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that Amartya Sen's writings in the diverse fields of development economics, social choice, and moral philosophy add up to an integrated and coherent system of social evaluation, ... More


The Lack of a Comprehensive Paradigm

Gavin Mooney

in Challenging Health Economics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235971
eISBN:
9780191717086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235971.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines how health economists have dealt with the recognition that the market for health care fails. It examines the reasons for such failure and suggests that too little attention has ... More


Building the Base for the New Paradigm

Gavin Mooney

in Challenging Health Economics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235971
eISBN:
9780191717086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235971.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins to build the new paradigm. First, it sets the stage by introducing the ‘expressive theory’ of Elizabeth Anderson (1993), which revolves around a rejection of consequentialism and ... More


Rawlsian Justice *

Fabienne Peter

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Rawls's theory of justice builds on the social contract tradition to offer an alternative to utilitarianism. Rawls singles out justice‐not maximum welfare or efficiency‐as “the first virtue of social ... More


Population Ethics *

Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert, and David Donaldson

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the welfarist approach to population ethics. This chapter provides an overview of the critical‐level utilitarian population principles and their generalized counterparts, examine ... More


The Exclusion of Ideals

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Political neutrality, conceived of as the exclusion of ideals, prevents governments from acting for reasons, which appeal to conceptions of the good, whether valid or invalid. Such a position relies ... More


‘Melancholy Sanctity’ in the South, ‘Perfect Democracy in the North’: Ireland 1923–1966

Paul Bew

in Ireland: The Politics of Enmity 1789-2006

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199561261
eISBN:
9780191701832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561261.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The new Irish ministers were obsessed with issues of financial credibility, eager to demonstrate the seriousness of Irish national purpose by avoiding bankruptcy or extensive debt. They were ... More


The Best Expression of Welfarism 1

Christian Coons

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Welfarism is a general view about value and the foundations of morality: it is the view that only well-being is intrinsically valuable, and nothing but well-being matters, basically or ultimately, ... More


Preliminaries: Morality, Consequentialism, Welfarism

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses why welfarism is worth elaborating upon. It explains why a person-centered view of morality and consequentialism are both plausible premises, and why even the reader who ... More


The SWF Approach and Its Competitors

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by introducing the social welfare function (SWF) approach. It then goes on to criticize the competing approaches to policy analysis that are currently dominant. Although SWFs are ... More


Lifetime Prioritarianism

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The formal structure of welfarism is oriented around lifetime well-being. The social welfare function (SWF) approach is framed in whole-lifetime terms. The elements of U are lifetime utility ... More


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