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Exit from Early Retirement: Paradigm Shifts, Policy Reversals, and Reform Obstacles

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Governments have realized the negative impact of early retirement on social expenditures and labor costs, responding with a paradigm shift away from passive labor market policies. Governments seek to ... More


Coping With Permanent Austerity Welfare State Restructuring in Affluent Democracies

Paul Pierson

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter argues that the contemporary politics of the welfare state takes shape against a backdrop of both intense pressures for austerity and enduring popularity. In this context, ... More


Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and ... More


Comparative Institutional Advantages of Welfare State Regimes and New Coalitions in Welfare State Reforms

Philip Manow

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform. They explore the linkages between ... More


Political Institutions and Welfare State Restructuring: The Impact of Institutions on Social Policy Change in Developed Democracies

Duane Swank

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Swank first provides an overview of two key domestic and ... More


Political Institutions, Veto Points, and the Process of Welfare State Adaptation

Giuliano Bonoli

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Bonoli explores the relationship between ... More


Introduction: The Paradox of Early Exit from Work

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Early retirement has become a major issue of current welfare state reforms in aging societies. This introductory chapter discusses the different protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ... More


Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


Welfare State and Production Regimes in the Era of Retrenchment

Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform. They explore the linkages between ... More


Who Pays for Health Care Reform?

Susan Giaimo

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this second of three chapters on the distinctive policy dynamics of particular areas of social provision, Susan Giaimo addresses the issue of whether the success of the reformed welfare state in ... More


Does the Third Way Work? The Left and Labour Market Policy Reform in Britain, France, and Germany

Jochen Clasen and Daniel Clegg

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Identifies the main trends in family policy across European countries over the last decade or so and analyses how these developments are to be interpreted, especially in the context of what they ... More


Labour Market Regimes Under Threat? Sources of Continuity in Germany, Britain, and Sweden

Stewart Wood

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this third of three chapters on the distinctive policy dynamics of particular areas of social provision, Wood looks at labour market regimes in Germany, Britain, and Sweden. The theoretical ... More


The Political Economy of Social Pacts: ‘Competitive Corporatism’ and European Welfare Reform

Martin Rhodes

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform; they explore the linkages between ... More


The Comparative Political Economy of Pension Reform

John Myles and Paul Pierson

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on the distinctive policy dynamics of particular areas of social provision. In their chapter on the dynamics of pension reform, Myles and Pierson stress a key ... More


Switzerland: From Liberal to Conservative Welfare State — a Pattern of Late Maturation?

Herbert Obinger, Peter Starke, Julia Moser, Claudia Bogedan, Edith Gindulis, and Stephan Leibfried

in Transformations of the Welfare State: Small States, Big Lessons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199296323
eISBN:
9780191700774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296323.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Welfare state change in Switzerland during the last thirty years has clearly not been as radical as in New Zealand. Nevertheless, the Swiss system of social protection has been substantially modified ... More


Denmark: The Survival of a Social Democratic Welfare State

Herbert Obinger, Peter Strake, Julia Moser, Claudia Bogedan, Edith Gindulis, and Stephan Leibfried

in Transformations of the Welfare State: Small States, Big Lessons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199296323
eISBN:
9780191700774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296323.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

According to the efficiency hypothesis, the high-spending, high-tax welfare state in Denmark should be under considerable strain in the era of globalization and socio-economic modernization. Indeed, ... More


New institutional forms of welfare production: some implications for citizenship

Willem Trommel and Bert de Vroom

in Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342720
eISBN:
9781447301660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

New policies may start as mere efforts to raise the efficiency of welfare production in reaction to changing labour market conditions, however, these types of reforms may have moral implications in ... More


Comparative Policy Analysis and Health Care An Introduction

Theodore R. Marmor, Richard Freeman, and Kieke G. H. Okma

in Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300149838
eISBN:
9780300155952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300149838.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the methodological questions raised by concerns about weaknesses in international comparison in health policy. The core question is how one nation can learn from another ... More


Conclusion: rights and responsibilities for child, family and social well-being

Harriet Churchill

in Parental rights and responsibilities: Analysing social policy and lived experiences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420916
eISBN:
9781447302896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420916.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This concluding chapter aims to provide an overview of policy change under New Labour and critically assess these policy changes in relation to revisions to the roles, rights, and responsibilities of ... More


A broader picture

Johan P. Mackenbach

in Health inequalities: Persistence and change in modern welfare states

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198831419
eISBN:
9780191869112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831419.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 (‘A broader picture’) first discusses why not only health inequalities, but also social inequality is so persistent. After reviewing sociological theories from both the ‘functionalist’ and ... More


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