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Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


WEEDS, GENE FLOW, AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of why many weeds spread invasively whereas most crops and native species do not. It also looks into pollen flow from genetically engineered crops.


Crops and Weeds: It's Hard to Be a Wild Thing When You're Domesticated

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

There is a trend towards embracing nature and the acceptance of natural products, even though humans have altered virtually everything. A case in point is food and food crops. No natural human food ... More


Stop Evolution Now!

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers ongoing evolution, particularly as it relates to control of agricultural pests. It begins with a discussion of how weeds evolved resistance to herbicides, focusing on the case ... More


Orchids and Conservation

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the many reasons the conservation of orchids in Australia will not be easy. Among the problems confronting those who would protect Australia’s glorious orchids are habitat ... More


Seeds of Destruction: Conflagration in the Grain Stores of Dichin

P. GRINTER

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter reviews the preliminary results and methodology used in the archaeobotanical research programme at Dichin, a multi-period late Roman site in Bulgaria. The remarkable state of ... More


Introduction

Matthew S. Seligmann

in Spies in Uniform: British Military and Naval Intelligence on the Eve of the First World War

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261505
eISBN:
9780191718618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261505.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The period before the First World War saw a great deal of military and naval activity. Weapons were developed, enemies were identified, arms races were started, and war plans were hatched. All of the ... More


The Use of Agricultural Techniques in Medieval England

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The Wisbech accounts indicate that medieval farmers employed yield-raising techniques, such as legume cultivation, weeding, and the spreading of manure, only when it was in their interests to do so. ... More


The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Robert A. Voeks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the 1980s, scientists and environmentalists sounded the alarm that deforestation was decimating the world’s tropical rainforests. Among the protection strategies that emerged, none resonated more ... More


“God Save Us from Whig Vice Presidents”

Michael F. Holt

in The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161045
eISBN:
9780199849635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

When Millard Fillmore signed the Compromise measures in September 1850 and the New York Democratic state platform endorsed them, William Henry Seward's New York allies instructed Thurlow Weed that ... More


The Madison Valley Ranchlands Group

Thomas E. Sheridan

in Stitching the West Back Together: Conservation of Working Landscapes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226165684
eISBN:
9780226165851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165851.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The mostly privately held, 925,000-acre Madison Valley is located just northwest of Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana. In 1996, area ranchers concerned about rising land prices, stagnant ... More


What Is a Weed?

John A. Stempien and John Linstrom (eds)

in The Liberty Hyde Bailey Gardener's Companion: Essential Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501740237
eISBN:
9781501740275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740237.003.0021
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Bailey gives his final summation of the much maligned term, "weed," redeeming the plants often dismissed as weeds by gardeners. Again referring to Emerson's definition of a weed as "a plant out of ... More


White Clover

John A. Stempien and John Linstrom (eds)

in The Liberty Hyde Bailey Gardener's Companion: Essential Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501740237
eISBN:
9781501740275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740237.003.0022
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This poem on the white clover further defines the idea of a weed for someone possessed of the garden-sentiment. "If only its name were all forgot / And 'twere giv'n its chance to grow," the white ... More


The Dandelion

John A. Stempien and John Linstrom (eds)

in The Liberty Hyde Bailey Gardener's Companion: Essential Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501740237
eISBN:
9781501740275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740237.003.0038
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This essay presents a sensory but also botanical description and appreciation of the common and often maligned spring dandelion. In Bailey's depiction, the dandelions appear like gold coins ... More


Molly and Matilda: Old Savannah Specters

Tiya Miles

in Tales From the Haunted South: Dark Tourism and Memories of Slavery from the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469626338
eISBN:
9781469626352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626338.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter recounts the rise of Savannah, Georgia as a key tourist attraction for visitors interested in the paranormal. The chapter focuses on the Sorrel-Weed House, reportedly Savannah’s most ... More


A Novel Method of Weed Control

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Photosynthesis involves biological energy transduction, the transformation of light energy into chemical energy, and photosensory pigments, which play an important role in the process. Phytochrome, a ... More


Framing Farming: A Multi-stranded Approach to Early Agricultural Practice in Europe

Amy Bogaard

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter considers how the integration of different methodological approaches to crop growing conditions—stable isotope analysis of crop remains and ecological analysis of associated weeds—can ... More


The Threats to Food Security

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explores threats to food security. It reveals many challenges arising from a range of threats external to the farm household, including severe biological threats from pests, disease, and ... More


The Weed Macaque

Dario Maestripieri

in Macachiavellian Intelligence: How Rhesus Macaques and Humans Have Conquered the World

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501178
eISBN:
9780226501215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501215.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

There are nineteen different species of rhesus macaque (scientific name: Macaca mulatta). The real macaques belong to a group of primates called Old World monkeys because they are found only in ... More


Climate Change, Agriculture, and Famine

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Hotter weather and higher atmospheric CO2 levels will have profound effects on plants. Crops such as corn and soybeans, have critical temperature thresholds above which yields fall precipitously. ... More


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