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The Standard Model. Anomalies

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 19 discussed the structure and the formal properties of non-abelian gauge theories. This chapter applies this formalism to the description of some general properties of the Standard Model of ... More


Matter and Energy

Manfred Eigen

in From Strange Simplicity to Complex Familiarity: A Treatise on Matter, Information, Life and Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570219
eISBN:
9780191748974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570219.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

“We do not really know what energy is”. This was the conclusion of Richard Feynman, who in the 20th century contributed so much to our understanding of the nature of energy. The first chapter deals ... More


Weak interactions

G. Barr, R. Devenish, R. Walczak, and T. Weidberg

in Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with a recap of both the weak interaction model from Fermi’s theory of beta decay (with no spin) and the pictorial way of understanding interactions using Feynman diagrams. An ... More


Effective Theories for Quark Flavour Physics

Luca Silvestrini

in Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198855743
eISBN:
9780191889370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855743.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The purpose of the lectures that appear within this chapter is to provide the reader with an idea of how we can probe new physics with quark flavour observables using effective theory techniques. It ... More


The weakly interacting Bose gas at the critical temperature

Jean Zinn-Justin

in From Random Walks to Random Matrices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198787754
eISBN:
9780191829840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787754.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 20 examines effects of weak repulsive interactions in a Bose–Einstein condensate and the transition from Bose–Einstein condensate to superfluid phase transition. Renormalization group methods ... More


Particle physics I

Ian R. Kenyon

in Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198808350
eISBN:
9780191846052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808350.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle families (quarks and leptons), their properties and their interactions are introduced. The exchange mechanism and the Yukawa potential are discussed. Natural units are explained. The ... More


The Current-Current Model of the Weak Interaction

Michael E. Peskin

in Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the representation of the weak interaction as a current-current interaction that violates parity and charge conjugation invariance. It describes the experiments that ... More


The Standard Theory

John Iliopoulos

in The Origin of Mass: Elementary Particles and Fundamental Symmetries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198805175
eISBN:
9780191843259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805175.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

All ingredients of the previous chapters are combined in order to build a gauge invariant theory of the interactions among the elementary particles. We start with a unified model of the weak and the ... More


Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Michael E. Peskin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is a textbook of elementary particle physics whose goal is to explain the Standard Model of particle interactions. Part I introduces the basic concepts governing high-energy particle physics: ... More


Biotic interactions

Simon F. Thrush, Judi E. Hewitt, Conrad A. Pilditch, and Alf Norkko

in Ecology of Coastal Marine Sediments: Form, Function, and Change in the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198804765
eISBN:
9780191843044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804765.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses the biological processes that influence community composition and dynamics, highlighting the multi-trophic and multi-functional nature of soft-sediment communities. ... More


The Atom: science

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The atom is comprised of a nucleus, which contains protons, neutrons, and the strong nuclear interaction holding them together, and orbiting electrons, which interact with the nucleus through the ... More


Dynamics I: The physical ingredients of quantum field theory: dynamics, symmetries, scales

Anthony Duncan

in The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573264
eISBN:
9780191743313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573264.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the basic principles from which relativistic quantum field theory can be constructed. Local relativistic quantum field theory is based on three basic principles which in ... More


The Existence of Field Theories beyond the Perturbation Expansion

Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor

in From Classical to Quantum Fields

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788393
eISBN:
9780191830310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The standard model of fundamental interactions. A brief summary of the phenomenology of weak interactions. The construction of the electroweak theory and its experimental consequences. The deep ... More


A Problem of Mass

John Iliopoulos

in The Origin of Mass: Elementary Particles and Fundamental Symmetries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198805175
eISBN:
9780191843259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805175.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

This chapter examines the constraints coming from the symmetry properties of the fundamental interactions on the possible values of the masses of elementary particles. We first establish a relation ... More


The Laws of Thermodynamics Tell You What Is and What Is Not Possible

Avelino Corma and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Avelino Corma, the distinguished research chemist explains why scientific discovery is difficult. He then explains how ‘molecular recognition’ is achieved in nanochemistry, how molecular design and ... More


A First, Fast Visit to the Universe

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This initial visit to the Universe is fast but not short. The fact that looking far away is looking into the past is recalled. There are a lot of things in our Universe, which are introduced here in ... More


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