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Plural and Integrated Virtue

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines questions about holistic ascriptions of virtue or good character. It argues that such ascriptions may imply possession of some but not all particular virtues. Some virtues may ... More


Bios and Explanatory Unity in Aristotle's Biology

James G. Lennox

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses an issue raised in David Charles' Meaning and Essence in Aristotle, Chapter 12: can the intimate relationship between definition and explanation that Aristotle defends in the ... More


Moral Conservatism: Preserving a Way of Life

Joel Feinberg

in The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law Volume 4: Harmless Wrongdoing

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195064704
eISBN:
9780199833207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195064704.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Feinberg analyses a variety of pure legal moralism, which he calls “moral conservatism,” according to which legal coercion is legitimate when likely to prevent drastic change to a group's way of ... More


A Persian Philosopher

William C. Chittick

in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The majority of Muslim philosophers were Persian speakers, but they wrote their works in Arabic so that all Muslim scholars would be able to benefit. Kâshânâ (Bâbâ Afdal) was an exception to this ... More


Persons, Peoples, Generations

David Gauthier

in Morals by Agreement

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249924
eISBN:
9780191597497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249926.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, we consider some of the implications of our theory. We first discuss taxation to cover the cost of supplying pure public goods, suggesting that a flat tax may best fit the ... More


The Return of Spiritual Exercises

Maria Antonaccio

in A Philosophy to Live By: Engaging Iris Murdoch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855575
eISBN:
9780199933198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855575.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter situates Murdoch’s thought amidst recent efforts to retrieve the forms and practices of ancient philosophy. Thanks in large part to the work of Hadot, there has been renewed interest in ... More


The Way of Life

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0031
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter thirty-one analyzes Hodge’s most popular book, his devotional The Way of Life. Hodge took over the role of Professor of Theology from Archibald Alexander in 1840, and thereby became the lead ... More


The Cult of Reassurance: Religion, Therapy, and Containment Culture

Erin A. Smith

in What Would Jesus Read?: Popular Religious Books and Everyday Life in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621326
eISBN:
9781469621340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621326.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines how popular religious self-help books operated as Cold War propaganda in the developing world by participating in what Alan Nadel calls “containment culture.” Focusing on the ... More


Philosophical Anthropology and Social Criticism

Raymond Guess

in Reification: A New Look At An Old Idea

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195320466
eISBN:
9780199851591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320466.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As “intellectualism” refers to the way humans are able to form and systematically evaluate beliefs, John Dewey asserted that Western philosophy can be associated with a certain “intellectualist” ... More


The Secular Pilgrimage of Orthodoxy in America

Vigen Guroian

in Fundamentalism or Tradition: Christianity after Secularism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823285792
eISBN:
9780823288755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823285792.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

With the notable exception of the Russian mission in Alaska, for the most part the Orthodox Church did not come to America as mission but followed its people’s departure from the homeland, often ... More


Philosophy as a Way of Life

Mark R. Wynn

in Spiritual Traditions and the Virtues: Living Between Heaven and Earth

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862949
eISBN:
9780191895456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862949.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter introduces some of the guiding questions of the investigation, here drawing on Pierre Hadot’s text Philosophy as a Way of Life. These questions include: how should we understand the ... More


The Nature of Faith

Mark R. Wynn

in Spiritual Traditions and the Virtues: Living Between Heaven and Earth

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862949
eISBN:
9780191895456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862949.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines what kind of assent a person needs to give to a theological narrative if it is to support their pursuit of hybrid goods whose realization is tied to the truth of the narrative. ... More


The American Way of Life: Folklores of Capitalism, 1935–1939

Charles F. McGovern

in Sold American: Consumption and Citizenship, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830338
eISBN:
9781469606040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876640_mcgovern.12
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter demonstrates the corporate counteroffensive against the New Deal, labor, and consumer activism. Leaders of corporate enterprise employed new strategies to blunt growing sentiments for ... More


Cosmos

Allen Johnson

in Families of the Forest: The Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232419
eISBN:
9780520936294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232419.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides an account of Matsigenka Indian cosmology that reveals the concern with impulse control and harmonious living that the Matsigenka recognize as central to their family-centered ... More


Epilogue: A Call for Stories

Thom van Dooren

in Flight Ways: Life and Loss at the Edge of Extinction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166188
eISBN:
9780231537445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166188.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This epilogue infers from the preceding analysis on avian entanglements with other living things. This analysis works against simplistic human exceptionalisms by giving a broader, more complex notion ... More


On Liberty: The Summum Bonum of Modern Liberalism

Robert Devigne

in Reforming Liberalism: J.S. Mill's Use of Ancient, Religious, Liberal, and Romantic Moralities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112429
eISBN:
9780300133905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112429.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses what can be gleamed from John Stuart Mill's On Liberty in relation to the topic of modern liberalism. Modern liberal thought does not center on human perfection or the best ... More


Setting Up

Gregory Clark

in Civic Jazz: American Music and Kenneth Burke on the Art of Getting Along

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226218182
eISBN:
9780226218359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226218359.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

This chapter sets the stage for the book, framing its inquiries into democratic civic life, jazz as civic model, and Kenneth Burke’s aesthetic rhetoric using Burke’s concept of constitutions with the ... More


Exoterism and the History of Pythagorean Politics

Phillip Sidney Horky

in Plato and Pythagoreanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199898220
eISBN:
9780199345519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199898220.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the fragmentary evidence derived from Timaeus' history of the city-states of Sicily and Southern Italy, with special attention to the account of a certain Apollonius preserved ... More


Prison Abolition in Practice: The LEAD Project, the Politics of Healing, and a New Way of Life

Setsu Shigematsu, Gwen D’Arcangelis, and Melissa Burch

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0086
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In 1982, in a residential neighborhood in Los Angeles, a speeding police car hit a five-year-old boy and killed him. Susan Burton, the mother of the little boy, experienced the agony of losing her ... More


Becoming a Meditator: Life-Course Orientations

Michal Pagis

in Inward: Vipassana Meditation and the Embodiment of the Self

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226639383
eISBN:
9780226639413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226639413.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents the life trajectories of vipassana practitioners and the life-course orientations they use to organize their biographical self. With the exportation of meditation to the West, ... More


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