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Essential Quantum Mechanics

Gary Bowman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum mechanics — central not only to physics, but also to chemistry, materials science, and other fields — is notoriously abstract and difficult. This book is a concise, explanatory book that ... More


Field quantization

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The cavity-mode quantization conjecture of Chapter 2 is replaced by local commutation relations — which are independent of the size and shape of the cavity — between field-operator components. This ... More


Introduction to Quantum Theory

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the rudiments of quantum theory, including the dual nature of light and matter, the Uncertainty Principle and probability concept, the electronic wavefunction, and the probability ... More


The master equation

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter examines the evolution of an open system — the sample — with the quantum Liouville equation for the world density operator. The fundamental approximation is that the action of the sample ... More


Can the World be Only Wavefunction?

Tim Maudlin

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

A common understanding of both the many-worlds theory and the original version of the GRW theory holds that they are ontologically monistic, postulating only the existence of the wavefunction and ... More


Atomic properties: one-electron atoms

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the application of quantum mechanics to the description of hydrogen and other one-electron atoms. The variation of ionization energy and atomic size with nuclear charge or ... More


Why Is the State Complex?

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with basic complex numbers, including their polar form and their representation with Argand diagrams. This leads naturally into a discussion of the phase of a complex number, and ... More


HOLOMORPHY

John Terning

in Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567639
eISBN:
9780191718243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Two of the early exciting observations about ☐ = 1 SUSY gauge theories were the absence of quadratic loop corrections to scalar masses and the absence of renormalization for many superpotentials. ... More


Periodic systems: Crystal orbitals and lattice dynamics

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

A molecular crystal is an array of molecular objects related by symmetry operations, including pure translation: a system endowed by periodic translational symmetry. This chapter considers atomic ... More


The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Alyssa Ney and David Z Albert (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This is a new volume of original essays on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics, in particular the ontological status of the wave function. The essays address questions such as: What fundamental ... More


The Engineers

Cheryl Colopy

in Dirty, Sacred Rivers: Confronting South Asia's Water Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199845019
eISBN:
9780197563212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199845019.003.0019
Subject:
Environmental Science, Management of Land and Natural Resources

I made it out of Bihar with no trouble, much to my surprise and Eklavya’s. On the drive back north he was busy talking on his cell phone and I was busy talking to ... More


Elementary atomic physics

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter applies quantum mechanics and its approximations to some elementary atomic physics questions. It also applies the so-called Hartree–Fock approximation and discuss how one can go beyond ... More


What are Quantum Measurements?

Gershon Kurizki and Goren Gordon

in The Quantum Matrix: Henry Bar's Perilous Struggle for Quantum Coherence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198787464
eISBN:
9780191829512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787464.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 4 introduces a great QM mystery: the notion of quantum measurements. Henry is in a superposition of versions localized in several places, but when Eve measures Henry’s position she (as a ... More


Continuity equation and wavefunction properties

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the continuity equation and continuity properties of the wavefunction and its spatial derivatives. In addition, it discusses other theorems which are useful for calculations, ... More


Vibrational Contributions to Molecular Properties

Stephan P. A. Sauer

in Molecular Electromagnetism: A Computational Chemistry Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575398
eISBN:
9780191775109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575398.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers corrections to the molecular electromagnetic properties introduced in the previous chapters due to the vibrational motion of the nuclei. It illustrates this for the static ... More


Introduction

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Graphene, the single layer of graphite, is a hexagonal network of carbon atoms of high electrical conductivity and great tensile strength. One atom thick, it was first successfully isolated from ... More


Electron bands of graphene

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The Schrödinger tight-binding band theory of solids is applied to graphene. The symmetry of the honeycomb lattice leads to cancellation of terms in the conventional approach, such that the ... More


The Quantum Recipe

Jochen Autschbach

in Quantum Theory for Chemical Applications: From Basic Concepts to Advanced Topics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190920807
eISBN:
9780197508350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190920807.003.0003
Subject:
Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

Introduction of the postulates of quantum mechanics: Wavefunctions, operators, observables, commutating operators, expectation values, probabilities, Heisenberg uncertainty. The postulates are then ... More


Quantum Mechanics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, the main features of quantum theory are presented. The chapter begins with a historical account of the invention of quantum mechanics. The meaning of position and momentum in quantum ... More


Von Neumann and the Problem of Quantum Measurement: The ‘Collapse of the Wavefunction’

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Heisenberg was an ‘anti-realist’. Although Bohr was infamously obscure in many of his writings, it seems that he adopted a generally anti-realist interpretation, too. As their debate became more ... More


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