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Intertheoretic Relations—Optics

Robert W. Batterman

in The Devil in the Details: Asymptotic Reasoning in Explanation, Reduction, and Emergence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146479
eISBN:
9780199833078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146476.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses limiting correspondence relations between the wave theory of light and the ray theory of light. The limit is singular and there is no reductive relation between the theories. ... More


Crisis: The End of the Bohr Model

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Failed attempts to understand the anomalous Zeeman effect contributed to the feeling of crisis that by 1924 characterized parts of the physics community. The solution proposed by W. Heisenberg’s ... More


Contrast theory

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Reflection acoustic microscopy of solid surfaces is generally dominated by interference between a specularly reflected wave and reflected waves associated with excitation of Rayleigh waves in the ... More


FERROMAGNETISM

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses ferromagnetism, which refers to a magnetic behaviour of which iron is a typical example and which is also found in cobalt and nickel, and in certain alloys and compounds. ... More


Rethinking Democratization in the Arab Context

Larbi Sadiki

in Rethinking Arab Democratization: Elections without Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562985
eISBN:
9780191721182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562985.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Stressing an interpretive method, this chapter seeks to rethink democratization in the context of the Arab Middle East. It highlights the fierce contests and counter-contests of Western ... More


Growing in Short and Long Waves: Schumpeter

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Combines long and short waves of innovation. A model is constructed in which demand effects enhance an innovation logistic: innovation is preceded by investment, which stimulates demand, in turn ... More


The Dual Nature of Light

André Authier

in Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter summarizes the theories of the nature of light, including the corpuscular theory and the wave theory, developed up to the end of the nineteenth century. The early theories (Descartes, ... More


The Structural and Dynamical Instability of the Modern Economy

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Addresses a weakness in Schumpeterian thought: innovation need not lead to higher output. An innovation has two opposing effects: it increases investment, thereby increasing labour demand; it also ... More


Young’s Musical Optics

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0012
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Building on the work of Leonhard Euler, Thomas Young advanced the wave theory of sound and light. This chapter describes how Young found his way to music against the strictures of his Quaker milieu. ... More


The Seventeenth-Century Response

A. Mark Smith

in From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174761
eISBN:
9780226174938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174938.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The ways in which the Keplerian turn discussed in the previous chapter manifested itself during the seventeenth century is the subject of this chapter, which examines three particular developments ... More


Metallic Compounds

Mark Ladd

in Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198729945
eISBN:
9780191818783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729945.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 5 is devoted to the properties of the metallic bond and semiconductors. The Drude–Lorentz free-electron model is discussed together with its applications. The Hall effect demonstrates the ... More


Transparent Music and Sound-Light Analogy ca. 1800

Ellen Lockhart

in Sound Knowledge: Music and Science in London, 1789-1851

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226402079
eISBN:
9780226402109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402109.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on London composer Nicola Sampieri and his “Concert upon an Entire New Plan,” given at the Hanover Square Rooms and elsewhere from 1798. Sampieri’s “New Plan” employed “numerous ... More


Newton and the Mystery of the Major Sixth

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Though Isaac Newton walked out of the only opera he ever attended, music had a significant place in his work. As an undergraduate, Newton closely studied music in its quadrivial context during the ... More


Charles Wheatstone: Musical Instrument Making, Natural Philosophy, and Acoustics in Early Nineteenth-Century London

Myles W. Jackson

in Sound Knowledge: Music and Science in London, 1789-1851

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226402079
eISBN:
9780226402109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402109.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter argues that Wheatstone’s achievements in the fields of acoustics and long-distance communication were the direct result of his early education in musical instrument building. Jackson ... More


Feminist Deployments of Gender

Jemima Repo

in The Biopolitics of Gender

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780190256913
eISBN:
9780190256937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256913.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the strategic use of the gender term by Anglo-American feminists of the 1970s. Through examining key texts of feminist thinkers of that period the chapter explores the different ... More


Pioneers of visual science cultures

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers what it is that makes certain individuals become founders of remarkably visual subdisciplines or fields of science, and whether there is anything that these pioneers of visual ... More


What’s Wrong with This Picture?: The Description of Nature at the End of the Nineteenth Century

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Despite its intuitive appeal, classical mechanics is just as fraught with conceptual difficulties and problems of interpretation as its quantum replacement. The problems just happen to be rather less ... More


Epilogue A Game of Theories: The Quantum Representation of Reality

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Quantum Cookbook shows that whilst quantum mechanics is mathematically challenging, some basic knowledge and a bit of effort will carry you a long way. It also explains how quantum mechanics was ... More


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